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Complete information about hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E

What is hepatitis ? hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis virus. There are 5 types of hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. the Characteristics of each type is different, therefore symptoms and treatment also vary.

Most people infected with hepatitis are not sure how they can get this disease. Plus, not all people infected with hepatitis will have symptoms. Usually they are aware of his condition later in the day when this disease has considerably grown. Most of the cases of hepatitis diagnosed during a routine medical examination.

Hepatitis that occur can be acute or chronic. A person who is experiencing acute hepatitis can provide a variety of manifestations and course of the disease. Ranging from asymptomatic, symptomatic and heal, becomes chronic, and most dangerous is the develop into liver failure.

When it develops into chronic hepatitis, can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) within a period of annual. Treatment of hepatitis own assortment in accordance with the type of hepatitis that is suffered and the symptoms which appear.

Read more : Wary of keystone virus, a deadly disease caused by mosquito bites

Complete information about hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E

The cause of hepatitis

What are the causes of hepatitis? Hepatitis can be viral hepatitis (virus infection) or non-virus hepatitis (alcoholic hepatitis and autoimmune hepatitis).

1. Hepatitis Virus

This type of hepatitis is caused by a virus that enters the body. Infection can occur through the use of needles contaminated with the virus (such as through the injection of drugs, tattooing, body piercing, injection drugs, or a transfusion), lived together or had sex with someone infected with hepatitis, or become health care workers who work with hepatitis patients can also result in hepatitis.

There is also a risk of infection of the hepatitis virus if You consume a source of water or food that is not safe.

2. Hepatitis non-virus (alcoholic hepatitis and autoimmune hepatitis)

Alcohol can weaken the work of the liver so that make You more susceptible to infection hepatitis. In fact, alcohol consumption can lead to many diseases of the liver such as fatty liver alcoholic (too much fat accumulation in the liver) or cirrhosis (liver damage).

Autoimmune Hepatitis happens when the immune system attacks the liver. This normally doesn't happen, but it can cause a decrease in liver function and cause liver damage. There are two types of autoimmune hepatitis with autoimmune hepatitis type 1 is more common than autoimmune hepatitis type 2.

Patients with autoimmune hepatitis also have other autoimmune disorders, such as Celiac disease, rheumatoid arthritis or ulcerative colitis.

Read more : A list of the most deadly diseases you should be wary

Anyone can be exposed to hepatitis ? there are some specific behaviors that increase the risk of You against this virus:

  • Share needles with other people, whether for drug use or body modification (tattoos or piercing)
  • HIV — HIV can lower the immune system, that allows the entry of opportunistic viruses
  • Unprotected sex (both anal and oral)
  • Use of drugs that damage the liver, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol and others), or methotrexate (Trexall, Rheumatrex)
  • Share the cutlery with patients with hepatitis A and E
  • Using the source water and contaminated food, from both the place of residence or from the place You just visit
  • Perform medical procedures such as blood transfusion, chemotherapy or therapy suppressing the immune system
  • Transmission from mother to child
Symptoms of hepatitis

Not all cases of hepatitis cause symptoms, or if they are, the symptoms are quite vague in the early stages in approximately 80% of cases. Twenty percent of cases other could show symptoms with varied levels. There is a possibility for You to directly experience the symptoms after being infected. Symptoms can be mild but also severe for some people, includes:
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Urination or a great unusual
  •  The color of the skin and the whites of the eyes turn yellow (jaundice, signs of liver disease)
  • The feeling of itching
  • Mental changes, such as lack of concentration or a comma
  • Bleeding in the


Wary of keystone virus, a deadly disease caused by mosquito bites

In addition to malaria, dengue fever and zika, now there is Keystone virus new disease is again spread by mosquitoes to humans. A teenager in Florida, United States, has become the first victim of the virus Keystone. As reported by Mother Nature Network, Friday (22/6/2018) the teenager was taken to the emergency unit of a clinic in August 2016 because the symptoms of fever and rash.

The doctor that checked out then test the youth to the virus zika but the result is negative. Viral culture of the teenagers is then studied by researchers from the University of Florida who later found the presence of the virus Keystone. 

As told in the report of the case in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, virus Keystone is actually not a new virus. It was first found in Keystone, Tampa Bay in 1964. This Virus was later found to infect the different animals in the coastal area from Texas to the Chesapeake Bay.

Wary of keystone virus, a deadly disease caused by mosquito bites

Signs and symptoms of the Keystone virus

Symptoms of the virus Keystone tend to be difficult to detect because they are similar to the symptoms of the virus Zika. Someone who is infected with the virus Keystone will experience early symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and rash.

The difference with the symptoms of the virus Zika, a rash caused by a virus Keystone does not cause itching. However, this rash tends to spread almost to all parts of the body. Starting from the chest, abdomen, arm, back, up to the face.

The symptoms may be visible light, but instead, You should be more wary of the virus on this one. This is because the virus Keystone tend to be more deadly than dengue fever, malaria, even the virus Zika though.

A lecturer from the University of Florida, John Lednicky, Ph. D. reveals to the Shape that the disease Keystone can infect brain cells and cause brain inflammation (encephalitis) in humans. If not treated immediately, it can be fatal and lead to death.

Although until now has not found any cases of inflammation of the brain in humans caused by a virus and the Keystone, but a study has shown that this virus can infect cells of the rat brain. So, it is not impossible if this virus can also cause brain inflammation in humans.

Only, further research is still needed to determine how much the risk of disease Keystone to human health.


A list of the most deadly diseases you should be wary

Heart disease first ranks of the deadly disease in the world, followed by a stroke in the second sequence. So right if you mentioned the cause of death in the world because the disease is not contagious.

The order of the deadly disease followed by infectious diseases, maternal and perinatal, and nutritional conditions. However, most of the deadly disease can actually be prevented.

Here is a list of the deadly disease in the world which became the main cause of death:

1. Coronary heart disease

This is the most deadly diseases in the world. Coronary heart disease due to the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart from narrowing. Risk factors of coronary heart disease are hypertension and high cholesterol, and smoking habits.

To reduce the risk of coronary heart disease You have to do simple lifestyle changes including healthy eating, physically active, stop smoking, control cholesterol levels and blood sugar, and keep Your heart.

Read more : The most effective home remedies to treat bronchitis

A list of the most deadly diseases you should be wary

2. Stroke

A Stroke occurs when an artery in the brain is clogged or the presence of blood vessels in the brain rupture. Both these causes will disconnect the supply and to the brain and cause brain cells to lack of oxygen and begin to die within minutes. 

In addition to the deaths, stroke also is a major cause of disability. The risk factors for stroke together with coronary heart disease, as well as how to reduce the risk.

3. Infections and Cancer of the lower respiratory tract

Including lower respiratory tract infections, such as pneumonia, bronchitis and influenza. In tropical Countries, the risk of such a disease can take place throughout the year. In addition, the risk of infection also increases in people traveling, or being in a crowd. 

Cancer of the lower respiratory tract is also a deadly disease, as part of the respiratory cancers in general. The main cause is due to smoking, both passive and active. In addition, the cause can also come from toxins in the environment.

4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

 Is a term against a number of diseases in the lungs that occur in the long term. Including chronic bronchitis and emphysema, which can create difficulty breathing. The main cause of COPD is cigarette smoke and air pollution, both indoors and outside. There is no cure for COPD but the development of the disease can be slowed with the help of drugs.

5. Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a condition in which You experience bowel movements watery more often than usual. This condition can lead to dehydration and if not treated quickly can lead to death. Diarrhea is easily spread through contaminated water or food. For children under 5 years, the disease is more risk of causing death.
Healthy behaviors such as know the technique of proper hand washing and improved sanitation and water quality can help prevent diarrhea.


Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system. HIV can lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a chronic condition that can be life-threatening by making the body vulnerable to infection. HIV can not be cured, but there are treatments that can slow the progression of this virus.

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A list of the most deadly diseases you should be wary

6. Tuberculosis (TB)

TUBERCULOSIS is caused by infection with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs. The disease is easily spread through the small dots of saliva that dibatukkan by patients with active TUBERCULOSIS. Some TUBERCULOSIS resistant to conventional treatment. Required treatment second-line to treat these patients. Most of the deaths from TUBERCULOSIS occur mainly in poor countries, where the supply of medicines and the level of health services is very limited.

7. Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes is a disease that is characterized by blood sugar levels that are far above normal in the long term. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can no longer produce insulin, the cause is not known. Whereas in type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the insulin cannot be used effectively. This condition is due to poor diet, lack of exercise and excess weight.

8. Complications of premature birth and low birth weight babies

 Death due to these conditions usually occur in the first week of life. The lack of skilled medical care in the handling of premature births can make this problem become large in developing countries. Newborn mortality can be avoided with good prenatal care and baby care right after birth.

Deadly disease You need to be aware of. Apply a healthy lifestyle as a preventive measure against these diseases and consult with your doctor if You suffer from one of them.

Wary of Tuberculosis in eye, Here symptoms and treatment that you should know

Tuberculosis eye symptoms and signs, virus Mycobacterium Tuberculosis that cause Tuberculosis (TB) it turns out that not only attack the organs of the lungs. this virus it can also attack other organs except hair, teeth and nails. As much as 95 percent of Tuberculosis cases indeed attack the lungs. But five percent more can also attack other organs such as the intestine, the eyes, the nose, until the skin

Unlike pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) have the typical symptoms such as cough, tuberculosis eye infection other generally more difficult to detect and not knowingly.

When it attacks the skin, symptoms can include sores that do not heal. That attack the glands can be in the form of lumps. Even difficult people have heredity can also be because the Tuberculosis bacteria that attack the fallopian tubes. But usually this is often not recognized as Tuberculosis.

Read more :  The most effective home remedies to treat bronchitis

Tuberculosis eye symptoms, signs and treatment

Symptoms of Tuberculosis (TB) in eye

Ocular tuberculosis eye infection, from eyelids to retina, so symptoms and signs of Tuberculosis eye  will vary greatly. The two symptoms most frequently complained of is loss of vision and a sense of excessive glare when exposed to light. Other symptoms that arise in accordance with the part of the eye that is infected, some of them are :
  • Appear bumps colored brownish red in the eyelid (lupus vulgaris)
  • Red eyes
  • Appear bumps pink at the edge of the pupil (the black part of the eye)
  • Leakage from the sclera (white part of the eye)
  • Loss of vision a sudden 
There are various ways of inspection that can be done to ensure You are exposed to Tuberculosis in eyes. Some tests are simple but a little complicated and require considerable cost. Tests can be performed, among others:

  • A complete blood count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Generally in patients with TB will be found an increase of the leukocytes and also erythrocyte sedimentation rate as a sign of the onset of infection.

  • Culture of the tissue of the eye. The culture is done by taking some small tissue or fluid of the eye and then bred. This method requires a long time (approximately 8 weeks).

  • Examination of the bacterial acid resistance. This examination requires a sample of fluid from the eye. The samples will be colored in such a way and then the result is read under a microscope to find the bacteria that causes Tuberculosis.

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Is one of examination of the current that can be carried out using the fluid of the eye to determine the presence or absence of DNA of TB in the liquid.

  • An x-ray of the lungs. This examination is performed to find the source of Tuberculosis eye.

  • Is an examination using a contrast agent to detect the presence of inflammation in the back of the eye (posterior uveitis).

  • Ultrasonography (USG) can be done to find the tubercles (foci of TB infection) and distinguish it with the mass of the result of malignancy.
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Tuberculosis eye symptoms, signs and treatment

Tuberculosis in eye treatment

The main drug that is used similar to a drug used to treat pulmonary TB, the difference lies in the duration of treatment. Treatment of tuberculosis eye takes approximately nine months.

During the first two months, the drugs used are isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. Seven months further treatment is carried out using isoniazid and rifampicin. Administration of oral corticosteroids can be done simultaneously with the administration of anti-tuberculosis drugs to reduce the damage that can occur in the tissues of the eye.

The detection of tuberculosis in eye isn't something that is easily done because this disease has no characteristic symptoms. A thorough examination by an eye specialist and dig up the history of the disease ever suffered by the patient is an effective way to find the disease in its early stages.


The most effective home remedies to treat bronchitis

Treatment can help to relieve bronchitis symptoms that make You uncomfortable. However, patients often wonder actually how long does bronchitis last time needed until the treatment of bronchitis otherwise completed? Should it be a lifetime?

Bronchitis is the inflammation that occurs in the bronchial tubes, i.e. the tubes that carry air to and from Your lungs. If the bronchial tubes are inflamed, then a layer it will swell and thicken. This will result in the respiratory tract is narrowed.

This inflammation also secrete excess mucus that coats and clogs the airways. As a result, a person with bronchitis will usually coughed as a way to remove phlegm that inhibits the respiratory tract.

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The most effective home remedies to treat bronchitis

Symptoms i.e. dry cough/phlegm, sore throat, fever, headache, rapid fatigue to shortness of breath. Bronchitis is divided into 2 :
  • Bronchitis acute chronic can be contagious because the cause is viral or bacterial infection. Bronchitis acute can occur in < 3 weeks and will generally heal on its own.
  • While in chronic bronchitis, this type is not contagious because the cause is the material an irritant such as tobacco, is often exposed to air pollution then symptoms can last months to years.
To know bronchitis is a danger or not, need to be re-evaluated by a doctor. When acute bronchitis is that you are experiencing are usually symptoms that appear are not severe and the danger. Acute bronchitis can heal itself and can also be given treatment according to doctor's prescription to reduce symptoms such as :
  • drugs antitussives to suppress the cough,
  •  expectorant drugs to thin the phlegm
  • antipyretic drugs such as paracetamol if the fever
  • medication antibiotics if there are signs of infection
Signs and symptoms of bronchitis disease
  • The main symptoms usually patients will experience a dry cough
  • Sometimes a cough accompanied by mucus that is colored gray or green
  • Experiencing shortness of breath
  • Usually experience pain in the throat
  • Patients will experience a mild fever
  • Nasal congestion
  • Experiencing pain and pain in the chest
  • The body will feel tired easily
Recognize the symptoms of concomitant diseases bronchitis will make it easy for us to know since the early attack of the disease. For the next measures can be done the right treatment before the disease becomes severe and difficult to be cured.

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How Long the treatment based on the type of bronchitis ?

Seen of its kind, bronchitis is divided into two, namely acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Both types of bronchitis have significant differences, including the length of treatment. The following difference.
Acute bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is a temporary inflammation of the airways will cause coughing accompanied by phlegm which for a few days to a week. Acute bronchitis can attack people with all levels of age, but mostly affects children under five. Usually, symptoms of acute bronchitis such as mild headache and muscle pain will get better in about a week.

Although some symptoms have improved somewhat, the treatment of bronchitis to relieve cough is usually carried out for 3 weeks.
Chronic bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is a type of inflammation with a cough that is more severe than acute bronchitis. This disease belongs to the kind of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which mostly affects adults over 40 years. People with chronic bronchitis typically has a cough every day that lasts at least for 3 months and continue until a matter of years.

Usually, people with chronic bronchitis can experience recurrence of the most is not in a period of 2 years in a row. Therefore, the treatment lasts for the symptoms of bronchitis is still quite strong, which can in a matter of months to years.

Some people with cases of chronic bronchitis is very serious even requires treatment of bronchitis for the rest of his life.

The most effective home remedies to treat bronchitis
Natural ways to treat bronchitis

To treat and accelerate the healing process, along with do reflexology therapy that I already explain above, there are some tips and natural remedies that you can do yourself at home.

1. Eating pineapple fruit

Pineapple is rich in bromelain which is very effective to reduce and treat inflammation in the body including the lungs. This fruit is also effective to relieve cough with phlegm in people with bronchitis.

2. Drink ginger water

Drinking water decoction of ginger will soothe the respiratory tract that is inflamed and functioning as an expectorant to remove mucus and phlegm in your lungs. It is recommended for patients with bronchitis to drink warm ginger water to 2 cups a day to speed up the healing process.

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3. Drink a mixture of lemon plus honey

This is a natural folk remedies are effective for treating bronchitis, honey has properties as an anti-bacterial that will eradicate the virus in the respiratory tract and lemon has properties as an expectorant that will banish the foreign substances in the body.

Combined or a mixture between the honey and lemon will help the healing process in patients with the disease types of infections such as bronchitis caused by viruses and microbes.

4. Drink a lot of water

White water is a type of beverage that is most recommended for a lot of them are good for a healthy person what's more for those of you who are suffering from a particular disease.

With a lot of mengonsusmsi water will help melt the mucus and phlegm in the bronchial tubes so it will be easily removed. On the contrary lack of fluids will make the mucus will be more thickened in the respiratory tract so that it is difficult to be issued.