Symptoms and Handle Allergic Reaction To Medicine

Allergic Reaction To Medicine is the overreaction of the immune system to a medicine used. This reaction arises because the immune system of the body considers certain substances in the medicine as a substance that can harm the body. This condition is different with the side effects of the medicine are usually listed on the packaging, and medicine poisoning due to overdose.

The Symptoms Of medicine Allergy

Allergic reaction to medicine reactions generally appear gradually as the immune system build antibodies to fight the medicine. This reaction may not appear directly when first using the medicine. At the stage of first use, the immune system will assess the medicine as a harmful substance for the body then develops antibodies slowly.

On the next use, this antibody will detect and attack the substance of the medicine. This process that can trigger symptoms-the symptoms of medicine allergy. Most medicine allergies have mild symptoms, and usually subsides within a few days after medicine use is stopped. Here are some of the common symptoms of medicine allergy that You need to look at.
  • Rash or bumps on the skin.
  • Itching.
  • Snotty nose.
  • Cough-cough.
  • Fever.
  • Shortness of breath or a short breath.
  • Eyes itchy or watery.
  • Swelling.
However, severe allergic reactions can also trigger anaphylaxis, that is an allergic reaction that causes failure of function body system extensively. The condition is very serious and can be fatal and require emergency treatment. Be careful if you have allergic reactions medicine. Immediately consult to the doctor to find out the cause so that it can be avoided.

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Allergic reaction to medicine

Types of medicine that Could Cause an Allergic Reaction

Almost any medicine can trigger undesirable reactions of the body, but not all of them cause allergies. medicine allergy caused by a reaction of the immune system on certain substances. Types of medicine that could potentially trigger an allergic reaction includ e:
  • Antibiotics (for example penicillin).
  • Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory.
  • Aspirin.
  • Cream or lotion corticosteroids.
  • anticonvulsant.
  • medicines for autoimmune diseases.
  • Herbal medicines.
  • Insulin.
  • Vaccine.
  • medicines for hyperthyroidism.
  • Medicines chemotherapy.
  • medicines for HIV infection.
Risk Factors For medicine Allergy

Not all people will experience an allergic reaction due to the medicine. Allegedly there are a number of factors that can increase the risk of medicine allergy in the person. Such risk factors include:
  • Increased exposure to certain medicines, for example because of the use of repeated, prolonged, or with high doses.

  • Heredity. A person's risk for experiencing a medicine allergy will increase if there are family members who have allergies to certain medicines.

  • Never experienced the type of other allergies, e.g. food allergies.

  • Allergic to other medicines. For example, if allergic to penicillin, then it will also experience an allergy to amoxicillin.

  • A disease that causes the body vulnerable to allergic reaction medicines, for example HIV.
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Allergic reaction to medicine

The Diagnosis Of medicine Allergy

The same as in other diseases, the early stages of the diagnosis of medicine allergy is to check the health and physical condition of the patient. Especially, the time of emergence of symptoms, the type of medicine used, and the level of severity and change in symptoms experienced. If needed, the doctor will recommend inspection of the detail to ensure the diagnosis of, among other things:
  •  Skin test (skin test). medicines suspected of causing the allergy will be applied to the skin by means of affixed or via a needle puncture. A positive result shows flushed skin, hives, or appear bumps. If it happens, someone almost certainly has an allergy to the medicine.

  •  A blood test. This test is rarely used because of the level of accuracy in the detection of medicine allergy is not high. But if suspect there will be a severe reaction by skin test, the doctor will usually recommend a blood test. This test also serves to determine at once remove the possibility of the presence of other conditions that potentially trigger the symptoms experienced.
Treatment Of medicine Allergy

Handling the main to medicine allergy is to address and relieve the symptoms experienced by. This step can be done with a stop consuming or using medicines that cause allergies. Administration of antihistamines may be suggested to inhibit the reaction of the immune system that is activated by the body during an allergic reaction.

Meanwhile, corticosteroids can be used to address the inflammation due to allergic reactions more serious.

For those who have ever experienced anaphylactic or allergic reactions of the medicine which weight, the doctor will usually prescribe an injection of epinephrine. For patients with a history of allergic weight, provide always an epipen, i.e. epinephrine in the form of injections disposable, just in case if there is a similar reaction. Patients should also undergo treatment in a hospital to get help breathing and stabilizing blood pressure.

Prevention Of medicine Allergy
The main step in preventing medicine allergy is avoid the medicine that be a source of allergies. For example with:
  • Wearing a bracelet or necklace a marker of allergy if possible.
  • Tell doctors or medical personnel about the history of allergy to certain types of medications before undergoing medical treatment anything.

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