Best Over The Counter Medicine For Sore Throat and Cough

Some Over The Counter Medicine (OTC), such as acetaminophen ( Tylenol ) and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs ( NSAIDS ) such as ibuprofen ( Advil and Motrin ) can be used as Best Over The Counter Medicine For Sore Throat to reduce fever and give pain to a sore throat. Aspirin should not be used in children or adolescents because of its association with Reye's syndrome.

Strep throat is a type of infection caused by the bacteria group A Streptococcus that cause throat is sore and inflamed. Most sore throats are caused by viruses, not strep bacteria. The symptoms of strep throat in adults, child age middle-aged, and adolescents includes :
  • Sore throat (90%)
  • Headache (85%)
  • Fever (85%)
  • Abdominal pain (65%)
Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and toddlers can also include the disposal of the nose is thick, reduced appetite, fussiness, and swollen lymph nodes. Symptoms associated with infection of the upper respiratory tract such as nasal congestion, sore muscles and blisters of the tongue, there is usually no inflammation of the throat. Sore throat is very contagious and is usually spread through direct contact from person to person.

The Diagnosis of strep throat is formed either through the rapid strep test (RADT) or a throat culture. Sore throat cured with antibiotic therapy as Best Over The Counter Medicine For Sore Throat. Although rare, there are some complications that may arise due to infection inflammation of the throat.

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Best Over The Counter Medicine For Sore Throat

What is it strep throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the soft palate and the region of the tonsils. Microbiologists identify the members of the family of Streptococcus bacteria that causes strep throat as “GAS” (Group A, beta hemolytic, Streptococcus pyogenes ).

Strep throat most often occurs in young children and adolescents, but can also occur in toddlers and adults. Sore throat is very contagious and most often occurs in the community during the winter months. The symptoms and physical signs of strep throat can vary depending on the age of the infected person.

Sore throat is very contagious and most often spread through direct contact person-to-person. The incubation period (the time it takes from exposure to infection to appearance of symptoms) because strep throat is two to five days. Passage of airborne droplets and / or saliva from the infected individual to another person is the most likely mechanism to cope with inflammation of the throat.

A place that is close (such as home, classroom, childcare centers, college dorms, etc.) Provides the ideal environment to pass through the strep bacteria from one person to the other. The risk of contracting a throat infection is about 40% in the households.

Most infectious disease specialists believe that the patient is no longer contagious after 24 hours of antibiotic therapy that is effective. The spread of strep bacteria through the transmission of food borne less common than the exchange of droplets droplets or saliva of the person directly.

The possibility of the right to develop strep throat from family pets is unknown, but most experts believe that it is minimal.

Sore throat usually gets better by itself in two to five days, however, You may start to feel better in a day or two after antibiotics are started. Sore throat remain contagious for the first 24 hours after starting antibiotics, so it is recommended that people stay home from work or school to avoid spreading the infection.

Common signs and symptoms of strep throat

Signs of strep throat are not unique – many viral infections (which cause the majority of sore throats) can have signs and symptoms of the same infection group A strep (GAS). Usually, older children and adolescents will experience symptoms such as:
  • Fever (usually 102 F [38.8 To C] and higher)
  • Sore throat (can vary from mild to moderate in severity)
  • Headache
  • Upset stomach with nausea , sometimes severe enough to cause vomiting
  • Runny nose , cough , hoarseness, muscle pain, diarrhea and blisters of the mouth are generally not seen with strep throat infections. This symptom usually indicates a sore throat caused by a virus.
Adults with strep throat may have the symptoms of lighter that may not requires medical evaluation unless a history of exposure to strep throat is known. Swollen tonsils from strep throat.

The signs and symptoms of strep throat

Signs and symptoms of infection strep throat can include :
  • Redness of the soft palate, the uvula (the structure of the “punching bag” hanging from the back of the soft palate) and tonsils . Generally, the tonsils may have the wavy look on its surface – rather like a golf ball

  • Spots colored white or yellow on the tonsils (exudate tonsillar)

  • Petechiae (looks like a bright red spot of 1-2 mm, which represent capillary rupture) were scattered on the soft palate.

  • Neck lymph nodes are enlarged and tender (also known as lymph glands)
A rash that spread over the torso and groin area. The classic description of this rash is that it looks like “goose bumps at a moderate sunburn “. The presence of the strep infection and rash specific is called scarlet fever . This Diagnosis does not imply a strep infection that is more severe or implies a change in the prognosis or management. Ruamnya not contagious.

Some indivava who have a fever acarlet can also experience flaking of the skin on the tips of the fingers. While most patients with strep throat will experience signs and symptoms of this, not all will certainly be present in every individual.

The signs and symptoms of laryngitis in infants and toddlers

The above information looks at the people most likely to have the throat infection, including children and older teens. However, other age groups may experience some different symptoms with throat infection. Baby with sore throat more often experience discharge nasal thick, mild fever (<101 F [38,33 C]), decreased appetite, and fatigue.

Toddlers (children from one to three years) with sore throat may complain of a sore throat and loss of appetite the next, and swollen lymph nodes in the front of the neck below the mandible (the lower jaw). A doctor will do a throat culture on the patient to test for strep throat.

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Best Over The Counter Medicine For Sore Throat

Tests diagnose strep throat

There are two common tests used to diagnose strep throat by rapid strep test (RADT) and throat culture traditional. Many medical offices, clinics, and the ministry of emergency use of the test the strep a rapid (RADT – detection test rapid antigen) to diagnose strep throat. Bowel the throat is obtained from the back of the throat and tonsils, and a “kit” RADT used to help determine the presence or absence of strep bacteria.

Time rewind to the results of the test generally is 10 minutes. Test RADT is about 70% -95% accurate in determining the presence of strep bacteria. Most of the guides recommend that the rapid strep test that quickly confirmed with a throat culture, which can take several days to get the result.

Treatment before antibiotics before getting the brush throat for the strep bacteria can interfere with the results of a throat culture, and thus the ability to diagnose and treat infections of the throat with the right. Antibiotic treatment before the test strept rapid tend not to have a false-negative result because the test is designed to document the presence or absence of bacteria GAS. Dead bacteria are left on the patient allows positive results.

The traditional test, a throat culture, involves the collection of the back of the throat and tonsils. It takes approximately 24 to 48 hours to determine whether there is a group of bacteria strep A. these Tests are usually more accurate in diagnosing inflammation of the throat compared with the rapid strep test.
  • A blood test for a history of strep infection
The test culture of strain quick and throat designed to determine whether a person currently has a throat infection. Sometimes need to know whether the patient has a history of strep infection recently. In this case, two blood tests are available:
  • Titer ASO (antistreptolysin O)
  • The Titer of anti-DNase
  • The antibodies that the test is sensitive to are usually not present until several weeks after a strep infection acute. This test can be ordered when evaluating a patient who may have experienced complications delayed (such as rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis) after a throat infection.
Natural treatment and home help soothe for sore throat

There are a number of treatment at home that can be used to reduce the symptoms of inflammation of the throat. They can be used whether the patient is experiencing strep throat or a viral cause of their illness. This drug should not be used as a substitute for antibiotics if the strep infection is being treated. Home remedies to soothe the symptoms of strep throat include:
  • Gargle salt water : mix ¼ to ½ teaspoon with 8 ounces of warm water. A small child may inadvertently swallow the solution instead of gargling it and should therefore avoid this approach.

  • The throat may be sucked to reduce the symptoms of pain or dryness of the throat. Some lozenges topical contains a topical anesthetic. Children-very young children should not be given the throat throat, because it can be a choking hazard.

  • The throat that contains a topical pain reliever (benzocaine, phenol) can be used to eliminate the sore throat, although the throat lozenges often give relief.

  • Food and drinks hot or cold : Ice cream, smoothies, popsicles, cold drinks, soup broth warm (not hot), and warm tea with honey can help soothe a sore throat. Honey should be avoided in infants less than 1 year because of the possibility of increased toxicity and paralysis botulinum 
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Best Over The Counter Medicine For Sore Throat

Complications of strep throat

Possible complications of strep throat include:
  • Middle ear infections ( otitis media )

  • Toxic shock syndrome (a severe complication that rarely occurs which can lead to organ failure multiple and sometimes death)

  • Peritonsillar abscess or retropharyngeal abscess (walled-off collection of pus) bacteria-containing GAS usually requires drainage

  •  Rheumatic fever acute (ARF): Although rare, complications of the infection strept which is not treated or is not treated it can have devastating consequences and a lifetime. It is believed that because the extermination of the strep bacteria that is not complete, the organism certain GAS causes an immune response, which can attack joints that cause arthritis permanent .

    More important is an autoimmune response against the heart valves, which can damage it and can lead to heart failure . Many studies have shown that antibiotic therapy that is effective and appropriate for inflammation of the throat greatly reduce the possibility of the occurrence of ARF.

  • Glomerulonephritis: Similar to the immune response abnormal seen in ARF, the antibodies can develop and damage the filter microscopic (glomerulus) of the kidney. This complication more often affects children between the ages of 7 to 10 years. While more common than rheumatic fever acute glomerulonephritis have a prognosis that is less serious.

    Effective treatment exists and most children do recovery and do not experience kidney damage long term. Unlike ARF, the development of glomerulonephritis cannot be prevented with antibiotic treatment is effective.

  • PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Strep): Specialists debate the links proposed from the infection of GAS in children with development and / or worsening behavior obsessive-compulsive disorder or tic disorder (Tourette syndrome in the extreme). One of the fields studied in the conditions of this controversial is whether antibiotic therapy affects the development or severity of such impairments.
Prevent strep throat

There is no vaccine currently available to prevent strep throat, however there are some behavior to reduce the likelihood of development of infection of the throat. These include:
  • Avoid people who are sick of the throat, and especially those who suffer from inflammation of the throat documented, until they drink antibiotics more than 48 hours.

  • Wash Your hands frequently after using items which may contain bacteria strep strep (for example, dishes and utensils).

  • Do not share food or drinks with people who are sick.

  • Give the spirit to the sick person to cover the nose and their mouth when they sneeze or cough .
Different with a sore throat are common, strep throat is caused by a bacterial infection. Streptococcus bacteria (called “group A strep”) infects the throat and tonsils, and will soon be responded to antibiotics. It is important to distinguish strep throat from a sore throat due to the treatments for both are very different.

A sore throat can be very painful, but this is not as painful as strep throat. Not like sore throat, usually a sore throat is usually caused by a virus. This means it will not respond to antibiotics. Even if it's not strep throat, You may need to see a doctor to get help a sore throat. This is the time to see a doctor if a sore throat:
  • lasts longer than a week,
  • keep coming back,
  • make Your voice hoarse for more than two weeks,
  • causing dehydration , or
  • Your worries in some other problems.
Strep Throat and Rheumatic Fever

Fever can change from bad to be more severe with strep throat. That's one reason why treatment with antibiotics is so important. Without treatment, rheumatic fever can get, usually about two weeks to a month after the signs of strep throat first appeared. Rheumatic fever is much more than a common fever, this can lead to problems of the joints, heart, skin, and brain severe. This can damage the heart valves also.

A sore throat can be spread through direct contact, especially when droplets of mucus from the mouth of the spread, as in the case of kissing. It can also be spread through indirect contact by sharing things like cups, fork, and spoon. If You don't get antibiotics, the inflammation of Your throat will be contagious for about two to three weeks after infection.

But once You start using a regimen of antibiotics, Your potential to infect others disappear after about 24 hours. For this reason, the CDC recommends that people with strep throat stay home from work, school, and daycare until fever they are lost or they have been using antibiotics for at least 24 hours.

Once infected with strep throat, usually it takes about two to five days to fall ill. Without antibiotic treatment, strep throat can last 10-12 days. This infection will likely improve within three to five days after antibiotic treatment begins. Treat strep throat the previous help prevent serious conditions more serious like rheumatic fever.

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