Blood Thinner Medications and Side Effects

Blood thinner medications - Not just any man may be taking blood thinning medication. That is why, most of these drugs can only be redeemed with a doctor's prescription. Here all the complete information You need to know about blood-thinning drugs — ranging from how drugs work, anyone who needs, these kinds of blood-thinning drugs, to the risk of side effects.

Blood thinners work to prevent the occurrence of blood clots in the blood vessels. Blood clots can block blood flow to the heart muscle and cause a heart attack. Blood clots also can block blood flow to the brain, so that eventually lead to a stroke.
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Blood Thinner Medications

Blood thinners can be in the form of drugs taken or injected. There are two types of thinning drugs that can be found in the market, namely-thinning drugs class of antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants. Different types of medicine, also different how it works.

Antiplatelet agents work to keep the not the case the collection of cells with freeze blood in the veins and arteries so that blood can remain dilute. Types of anticoagulants work to prevent blood froze with stalling the onset of blood clots.

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Who need to use drugs blood thinners?

Your doctor may recommend this drug if You have one or more of the following conditions:
  • Heart disease
  • Problems with blood circulation
  • The heartbeat is not normal
  • Congenital heart defects
Your doctor may also prescribe this drug if You are going to undergo heart valve surgery.

List common drugs used to thin the blood

As has been described above, there are two classes of blood-thinning drugs: anticoagulant drugs that prevent blood clotting and antiplatelet agents that keep the blood remains watery. Here's a list of the names of blood-thinning drugs based on class

A. The class of antiplatelet

1. Aspirin
Aspirin is a painkiller used to treat fever, headaches, to inflammation. However, aspirin is also an antiplatelet that works to inhibit the formation of blood clots in stroke patients, so that prevents a stroke relapse again.

Aspirin will help prevent platelets in blood makes the blood too viscous, thereby reducing the risk of clots. Taking aspirin regularly will reduce Your body's ability to stop bleeding because the doctors give this drug to aspirin can thin the blood

2. Clopidogrel (Plavix)
Clopidogrel is a blood thinning medication to prevent heart attack in people who are newly exposed to heart disease, stroke, or diseases of blood circulation disease (peripheral vascular).

Clopidogrel is also used together with aspirin to treat shortness of breath, which worsens due to a new heart attack, unstable angina, and to prevent blood clots after heart procedures (such as cardiac stent).

The drug works inhibiting the occurrence of blood clots. Then You are advised to be more careful so as not to get hurt while being consuming it. The effect of this drug can prolong the process of recovery of wounds.

3. Dipyridamole
Dipyridamole medicine used to prevent blood clots after heart valve replacement surgery.  This drug is usually used along with aspirin to reduce the risk of death after having a heart attack or to prevent a heart attack. As for the brand name commonly found on antiplatelet drugs with the active ingredient dipyridamole this is premole, perdantine, and aggrenox.

4. Ticlopidine (Ticlid)
Ticlopidine is used to prevent strokes in people who cannot use aspirin or when the consumption of aspirin alone is not effective to prevent stroke. Especially for people who after installing the ring of the heart or the stent implant, the doctor usually prescribes aspirin and ticlopidine for the past 30 days — that can be tailored to the patient's condition.

5. Prasugrel (Effient)
Prasugrel taken once daily to help prevent heart problems and blood vessels serious. Do not stop the dose of prasugrel without the knowledge of the authorized doctors. Stop dosage carelessly can increase the risk of heart attacks and blood clots. Side effects of prasugrel may give side effects such as dizziness, excessive fatigue, pain in the back, arms or limbs, and a cough.

6. Ebtifibatide (Integrilin)
Eptifibatide works to prevent heart attack in people who have unstable angina. Integrilin is also used to prevent blood clotting prior to surgery to expedite the procedure to open the artery and insert objects or surgical tools.

7. Ticagrelor
This drug is used together with aspirin to prevent complications of the heart and blood vessels are at risk of fatal in people who have had heart attacks or chest pain severe. Ticagrelor is also prescribed in people who have a pin inserted in the blocked blood vessels to improve blood flow. Brand name type of medicine containing ticagrelor is brilinta.

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Blood Thinner Medications

B. Classes of anticoagulants

1. Warfarin
Warfarin has a brand name trade names Coumadin and Jantoven. This drug works by reducing the formation of blood clots. Warfarin is used to prevent heart attacks, strokes, and blood clots in the blood vessels and arteries.

2. Enoxaparin
Enoxaparin is a blood-thinning medication-shaped injection or injections. This medication is used to prevent blood clots in the legs patients who are bed rest or during operation part of the stomach. In other conditions, enoxaprin is used together with warfarin to treat blood clots that have already happened in the veins of the legs.

Enoxaparin keep blood flow remains smoothly by lowering the activity of clotting proteins in the blood, thus helping to reduce the risk of heart attack. This drug is used with combination with aspirin to prevent complications of angina (chest pain) and heart attacks. Brand name of this drug is Lovenox.

3. Heparin
Heparin is a blood thinning medication that works to prevent blood clots and prevent possible heart disease complications that can be fatal, such as heart attack. Heparin is also commonly used for the prevention of blood clots after surgery. Heparin works faster than warfarin. So, this drug is usually given in an emergency situation that requires the effects of lightning. Dose heparin in the long term can increase the risk of osteoporosis. To get around this, doctors usually replace the dose with warfarin for therapeutic treatment of a long period of time.

4. Edoxaban
Edoxaban (Savayasa) is a drug used to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its complications, including pulmonary embolism, after the patient is given blood-thinning drugs syringe during 5-10 days.

5. Fondaparinux (Arixtra)
Fondaparinux is a drug used to treat blood clots serious on the legs and/or lungs. Fondaparinux is available only in injectable form, which is usually injected one time a day depending with the condition of each person.

6. Dabigatran (Pradaxa)
Dabigatran is a medicine tablet used to prevent stroke and blood clots that are dangerous (e.g. in Your legs or lungs) if You have any type of disease irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation). Atrial fibrillation causes most of the heart is not working normally. This can lead to the formation of blood clots and increases the risk of stroke or heart attack. Dabigatran has several side effects like, stomach pain, heartburn, and nausea.

In addition to those listed above, there are a lot of drugs anticoagulation of apixaban (Eliquis) and rivaroxaban (Xarelto).

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Side Effects
There are some side effects associated with blood-thinning drugs, either anticoagulant or antiplatelet.

Here are some side effects that can occur:
  • Easy bruising
  • Colored Urine red or pink
  • Faeces bloody or looks like coffee grounds
  • Menstrual bleeding more than usual
  • The toes become purple
  • Pain, temperature changes, appear area blackish in the fingers, toes, hands or feet
Some of the effect could be serious. Therefore, You should regularly control to the doctor during taking blood thinning medication. Moreover, if You also have diabetes, high blood pressure, balance problems, heart failure, or liver or kidney issues.

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