Borderline Personality Disorder BPD Medications


BPD Medications - Borderline personality disorder (BPD) or personality disorder threshold is a mental disorder characterized by mood and self-image are ever-changing, and behavior that is impulsive.

Person who has BPD has a way of thought, perspective, and feeling different than other people in general. As a result, problems arise in running the day to day life and relationships with others, such as the relationship in the family and in the work environment.

These disorders generally appear in the period before adult age. With the handling of specialized psychotherapy and the administration of the drug, patients with borderline personality disorder can improve with age.
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Borderline personality disorder BPD Medications

The symptoms of BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder)

The symptoms of this personality disorder usually appear in adolescence adulthood and persist during adulthood. Symptoms can be either symptoms of mild to severe.

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Such symptoms can be classified into four parts, consisting of :
  • Conditions mood or the mood is not stable. These conditions usually persist for several hours. Such as feeling hollow or empty, as well as difficulty controlling anger.

  • Disorders of thought and perception. As suddenly there is the thought that he was bad, as well as the feeling of fear will be ignored so do the deeds to the extreme.

  • Impulsive behavior. This behavior is likely to harm themselves, or commit acts of careless and irresponsible. For example, self-harm, attempt suicide, have sex without safety, alcohol abuse, or overeating.

  • Relationships are intense but unstable. This condition is characterized by can be very idolize someone and suddenly assume the person is being cruel or not caring.
Not all people with BPD experience all these symptoms. Most just mengalalami some of the symptoms. The severity, frequency, and duration of occurrence of symptoms in each patient is different, depending on the condition of interference experienced.



The cause of BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder)

The exact cause of borderline personality disorder is not yet clearly known. Several factors are suspected to trigger the occurrence of this condition is:
  • Environment. A number of negative environmental factors could be expected to cause a personality disorder. An example is a history of abuse and torture as a child, or dumped by a parent.

  • Genetic. According to some research, personality disorders can be inherited genetically.

  • Abnormalities in the brain. According to studies, sufferers of BPD have changes in the structure and function of the brain, especially in the area that regulates impulse and emotions. In patients with BPD is also thought there are abnormalities of function of the brain chemical or neurotransmitter that plays a role in emotion regulation.

  • Certain personality traits. Some personality types are more at risk for having BPD, for example, personality is aggressive and impulsive.
Not all people with BPD experience all these symptoms. Most just mengalalami some of the symptoms. The severity, frequency, and duration of occurrence of symptoms in each patient is different, depending on the condition of interference experienced.

The Diagnosis of BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder)

The determination of the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) begins with a discussion between the doctor and patients with BPD about the symptoms experienced. In addition, the doctor will also ask the medical history of the patient and family, including a history of mental disorders. After finding its conduct in accordance with the pattern of the symptoms of BPD and get rid of other possibilities through a physical exam, the doctor will establish the diagnosis.

The treatment of BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder)

After the diagnosis of BPD is set, preferably the patient to tell the results of the diagnosis on family, friends, or people you trust. Many of the symptoms of BPD affect the relationship of the patient with the environment, so by involving them in the handling of this condition, it will make treatment of patients more effective.

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Borderline personality disorder BPD Medications

There are several types of therapy psychotherapy can be effective in dealing with the case of BPD, among which are :
  • Dialectical behavior therap (DBT)
  • This therapy is done through dialogue with the aim that the patient can control the emotions, stress, and improve relationships with other people. This therapy can be done alone or in a group consultation with a therapist.

  • Mentalization-based therapy (MBT)
  • This therapy emphasizes a method of thinking before reacting. MBT help people with BPD to recognize the feeling and his own thoughts by creating alternative perspectives of the situation being faced. This therapy is done in the long term (about 18 months) and begins with a hospitalization in order to hold an individual session every day. After a certain period of time, can be continued on an outpatient basis.

  • Schema-focused therapy
  • This therapy helps patients with BPD to recognize needs that are not met in the initial period of life that can trigger the behavior patterns of life negatively. Therapy will focus on fulfilling the business needs through a healthier way to awaken the pattern of behavior that is positive. The same as therapy DBT, the therapy can be done individually or in group consultation.

  • Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) or therapy psikodinamis
  • This therapy helps patients with BPD to recognize unmet needs, which can trigger behavior patterns of life negatively. Therapy will focus on fulfilling the business needs through a healthier way to awaken the pattern of behavior that is positive. The same as therapy DBT, the therapy can be done individually or in group consultation.

  • General psychiatric management
  • This therapy helps the understanding of the emotional problems that occur considering the feelings interpersonal. Therapy can be combined with the administration of the drug, group therapy, counseling to families, or even individuals.

  • Training the system to the predictability of emotional and problem solving or systems training for emotional predictability and problem solving (STEPPS)
This therapy is group therapy with family members, friends, spouses, or caregivers as part of group therapy that lasted for 20 weeks. This therapy is also used as adjunctive therapy with other psychotherapies.



The use of drugs in the therapy of BPD is aimed in alleviating the symptoms or complications that may arise, such as depression and anxiety disorders. Type-the type of drug used requires a doctor's prescription, among others:
  • Antidepressants
  • Antipsychotic
  • Drug balancing mood
In certain cases, people with BPD can through treatment in hospital to prevent a tendency to injure himself or commit suicide. The process of recovery from BPD will likely require quite a long time and therapy can last for months to years. Consult with a mental doctor who is experienced with BPD can help the patient develop his personality in a better direction.

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