Diagnosis, Treatment, Medications For Bipolar Disorder

Medications for bipolar disorder - If the treatment is effective, the symptoms of bipolar disorder will usually subside in less than three months. However if the condition is neglected or not get the right treatment, then the symptoms can last for months (3-6 months for mania and six months to one year for a depressive episode).

The goal of bipolar treatment is to lower the frequency of occurrence of episodes of mania or depression so that the sufferer can live a normal life and blending in with the surrounding people.

There are drugs to prevent the recurrence of the phases of bipolar and there are also medications to relieve symptoms when having a relapse.
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Medications For Bipolar Disorder

Along with drugs, the handling of bipolar should be combined with psychological therapy under the guidance of a specialist doctor or psychiatrist. Patients usually will also be advised to repair the pattern of life towards a more healthy, such as exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, and eating healthy foods.

The majority of patients with bipolar disorder can be improved without having to undergo inpatient in the hospital. Referral to hospital was made if symptoms are getting worse and it is feared that the behavior of the patients can cause harm to others or himself, such as for example, want to commit suicide.

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Drugs to Treat Bipolar Disorder

Here are a number of drugs that can be used to treat bipolar disorder, depending on symptoms and medical history of each patient, among other things:
  • Anticonvulsants (e.g., lamotrigine, carbamazepine, and valproate). Anticonvulsant actually is a drug commonly used to treat epilepsy. However because it has properties that can stabilize the mood and relieve episodes of mania, then sometimes anticonvulsants prescribed to patients with bipolar disorder. The use of anticonvulsants should not be arbitrary and must be based on a doctor's prescription.

    If used without a through examination the doctor first, effects of anticonvulsant drugs can be dangerous. One of them is the use of valproate in women of childbearing age can increase the risk of defects and nervous disorders of the brain in infants who later contains.

  •  Lithium. Drugs used in the long term is able to prevent the occurrence of symptoms of mania and depression as well as stabilize the mood. During the use of lithium, blood test to check the levels of lithium in the body should be done routinely. This is to ensure levels of lithium is still in a safe range so as to prevent the occurrence of serious side effects in the form of disorders in the kidneys and the thyroid gland.

    Side effects the use of lithium that is relatively mild is vomiting and diarrhea. These side effects usually arise due to improper dosage. Doctors sometimes combine lithium with anticonvulsant drugs such as valproate or lamotrigine for treating patients of bipolar disorder who experienced rapid cycling (change episode quickly from high to low or vice versa in the absence of the normal period of which is mediate).

  • Antidepressants. One example is the antidepressant medication that is often used is fluoxetine. In some patients with bipolar disorder, medication depression it can trigger episodes of mania. Therefore antidepressants are often paired doctors with medication stabilizers mood.

  • Benzodiazepine. The drug which belongs to the group antiansietas this can be used short term to relieve anxiety. In addition, the benzodiazepine can also be used to improve the quality of sleep sufferers of bipolar disorder.

  • Antipsychotic. The same as drugs anticonvulsants, antipsychotics are prescribed to cope with episodes of mania and is also effective for stabilizing the mood. However the doctor will usually prescribe this drug if an episode of mania already considered severe and cause disruptive behavior.

    Some of the side effects that may occur from the use of antipsychotics is weight gain, constipation, dry mouth, and blurry vision. Examples of antipsychotic drugs that may be prescribed is olanzapine, risperidone, aripiprazole, and quetiapine.
Psychological therapy

Psychological therapy for bipolar disorder can support the drugs that have been given. Through this method it is expected the patient's recovery can be achieved more effectively. In psychological therapy, the patient will be introduced with the psychiatric problems they are experiencing. Patients will also be invited to identify the things that can trigger the occurrence of episodes, be it in the form of thought and behavior of the patient.

After the factors triggers symptoms known, psychiatrist or therapist will guide the patient to attempt to change the thinking and behavior of the negative into something positive. Through a method called cognitive behavioral therapy, the patient will also be taught how to cope with stress effectively, as well as given advice about diet, sleep, and exercise are good for health.

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Medications For Bipolar Disorder

Not only the patient, family involvement in psychological therapy can also be very helpful. The goal is for the family to understand the conditions experienced by the patient so they can work together to identify the problems that occur in the household as one of the possible causes of bipolar disorder as well as providing support to sufferers.

Bipolar disorder and pregnancy

Planning a pregnancy for women with bipolar is not easy because medications bipolar have the risk of side effects and its impact on the process of pregnancy is not yet fully known. It takes a cooperation between the medical side of the handle a bipolar patient and her pregnancy. Pregnant women can suffer from bipolar disorder, generally when experiencing a dilemma.

On the one hand, if he was taking drugs sedative mood, then the fetus can be at risk of experiencing a disability. But on the other hand, if these drugs are not used, then the symptoms of bipolar disorder pregnant women can deteriorate.

Women who are breastfeeding are also facing the same problem because most of the drug bipolar disorder can be absorbed by breast MILK and the baby is feared could be affected by the side effects of these drugs. As a way out of these problems, talk to your doctor to get the solution the right treatment without having to compromise the condition of the baby. 

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