Medications For Social Anxiety Disorder

Medications for social anxiety - social anxiety Disorder is a disorder a chronic mental health that is characterized by anxiety and self-understanding of its own excessive to the social situation of day-to-day. Patients with this disorder have a fear of very strong continuous if considered, assessed or judged, and humiliated others because of his actions.

Many people often feel anxious about certain social situations, but patients with this disorder will feel very afraid of them since before, during, and after interacting with other people day-to-day.

Social anxiety disorder also known as social phobia and is one type of phobia that most often affects people. These conditions often affect self confidence, relationships with others, as well as lower work productivity or school performance.

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Medications For Social Anxiety

Social anxiety disorder can be experienced for a particular situation, for example fear of speaking or performing in public, as well as fear every time with other people. This condition can be severe that patients do not want to go to work or go to school again. On the other hand, patients also will be more difficult to interact with other people.

Social anxiety disorder generally begins in childhood or adolescence, and is rarely suffered by a person at the age above 25 years. These conditions tend to be experienced by women and is often accompanied by depression or other anxiety disorders, such as panic excessive or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

In fact, patients with social anxiety disorder realize that they have a disorder, but they are not able to handle it although has been trying. Many sufferers are trying to treat it yourself by drinking alcohol or taking drugs.

It actually raises the risk of addiction. Actually, this condition can be overcome with counseling psychology combined with medicine from the therapist in order to restore confidence and improve the ability of patients to interact with other people.

Symptoms Of Social Anxiety Disorder

The symptoms of social disorder can change over time. Symptoms usually appear when the patient is facing pressure or certain demands. The symptoms can be:

Physical symptoms, include:
  • Heart rate be fast.
  • Nausea or disorders in the stomach.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Dizziness.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Muscles become tense.
  • Issued a lot of sweat, shaking.
  • Face flushed with embarrassment.
  • Indicating the posture of the rigid body.
  • Avoid eye contact.
  • Talk too slowly.
The symptoms of emotions and attitudes, include:
  • Avoid interaction with other people or strangers, including refusing to attend a party or social gathering.
  • Reluctant to eat in front of other people.
  • Reluctant to use a public toilet.
  • Feel the fear of being seen uneasy, fearing to be noticed, and afraid to embarrass yourself
  • Uneasy wait because the fear of facing an activity or event.
  • Spend time to analyze the appearance and search of weaknesses when interacting with others
  •  Always suspect the occurrence of the worst consequences when being in social situations based on personal experience.
  • Excessive panic when fear and anxiety has exceeded the limit. A panic attack usually lasts for a few minutes.
Causesof Social Anxiety Disorder social anxiety Disorder can occur because of a combination of a number of factors, including:
  • Ancestry. Disorder social phobia tends to be hereditary in the family. However, it could not be ascertained whether it is caused by genetic factors or more likely an attitude that is learned based on the experience of others.

  •  Environment. Social anxiety disorder is an attitude that can be learned. That is, this attitude can develop in a person after seeing the anxious attitude on other people. In addition, patients with social anxiety disorder generally dibersarkan by parents who are too curb and control his son.

  • The Structure Of The Brain. A fear response is strongly influenced by the structure in the brain called the amygdala. When the amygdala is too active because of the anxiety of facing a social situation, then the response on the fear will grow.
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Medications For Social Anxiety

Diagnosis Of Social Anxiety Disorder

A person diagnosed with social anxiety disorder if they meet the standard criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), namely:
  • A person experiencing fear will be one or more social situations, where people are likely to meet others or observed by others. For example, meet with strangers, observed while eating or drinking, or have to appear in public.
  • A person has the fear that he will do something embarrassing or judged badly by other people.
  •  Someone almost always experience anxiety when being in social situations.
  • Situations that are feared tend to be avoided or faced with excessive anxiety.
  • Fear or anxiety has been going on for at least six months.
  • Avoidance behaviors, anxiety, and panic this has significantly influence academic activities, work, or daily activities the person.
At the moment feel the anxiety, the person can experience physical symptoms such as:
  • Flushed face and sweating
  • Body shaking
  • Heart pounding
  • An empty mind is a sudden
  • Nausea
  • The posture of the rigid body
  • Avoid eye contact
  • Speaks with a voice very quietly
Treatment Of Social Anxiety Disorder

There are two methods of treatment are effective in treating social anxiety disorder, is through psychotherapy and the administration of the drug. This treatment should be administered by a physician specialist psychiatric (psychiatrist) or a therapist trained and experienced in handling patients with social anxiety disorder.

One of the methods of psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder is cognitive behavioral therapy. This method is generally done to handle the case of social anxiety disorder severe. The purpose of this method is to reduce anxiety by eliminating beliefs or attitudes that make disorder social phobia the last.

Cognitive behavior therapy is done in three stages. The first stage is exposes the patient in a fearful situation for him. The second stage is to create a situation of rejection or criticism, with the aim to build self-esteem sufferers slowly and convince the sufferer that he is capable of receiving judgment or criticism well.

While the last stage is to imagine that fear is most strong against criticism and rejection, and then build a constructive response in the face of such fear. The third stage is only carried out by experienced experts, and is only done when the patient felt ready to run it.

Cognitive behavioral therapy generally lasts for 12 weeks and can be done in groups. In addition to behavioral therapy, of therapy support for a couple or family of sufferers are also required to give an understanding of social anxiety disorder.

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Medications For Social Anxiety
In addition to the methods of cognitive behavior therapy, administration of medications and effective also plays an important role to cope with social anxiety disorder. The drug given in the form:
  • Drug antiansietas. 
  • Drug antiansietas the form of a benzodiazepine can decrease the level of anxiety that works fast. However, this drug is usually used only in the short term because of the risk of habit-forming and addiction. 
  • Antidepressant drugs. 
  • There are several kinds of antidepressant medications, one of which is a drug inhibiting the uptake of serotonin (serotonin reuptake inhibitor/SSRI) which increases serotonin levels in the brain. The drug is administered in a low dose at first and can be added after the body of the patient is accustomed to taking the drug. In addition, the class of antidepressants such as monoamine oxidase (monoamine oxidase inhibitors/MAOIs) can also be used. 
  • Drugs a beta blocker. 
  • The drug is aimed to withstand the effects of epinephrine (adrenaline) so that it can reduce heart rate, blood pressure, and muffle the voice that was shaking. This drug will be effective for controlling symptoms in a specific situation and is not recommended in routine use.
Treatment for social anxiety disorder can not be done in a short time. Psychotherapy treatments and find a cure in accordance with the conditions of the sufferers can take several weeks or months.

For some people, the symptoms of social anxiety disorder can be eased over time, and drug dose will be lowered slowly until the patient does not consume drugs at all. While for other sufferers, it takes years of taking the drug to prevent these symptoms re-appear. In order to make sure the treatment is effective, the patient is recommended to see a doctor or therapist regularly so that changes in the conditions experienced can be observed.

If social anxiety disorder is not overcome with good, then the enjoyment of life, relationships with others, achievement in school and the workplace will be very disturbed.The most severe, this disorder can even make the sufferer attempted suicide.

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