Muscle Relaxant Medications : Common Drugs are Used


Muscle relaxant medications - There are many ways to treat muscle pain. Muscle pain can be caused by injury, excessive or musculoskeletal disorders. In order to effectively treat Your pain, it is advisable to make changes in diet and lifestyle with a combination of drug therapy. Depending on the cause and severity of Your pain, your doctor may recommend a drug.

Various Drugs are Used to Treat Muscle Pain:

Paracetamol

Paracetamol can help relieve Your muscle soreness, but it is more effective for pain that is very mild such as headaches. The reason is because paracetamol has been proven to work especially in certain parts of the brain, central nervous system, while other pain relievers work in both central and peripheral nervous system. This is why paracetamol is very effective in reducing fever.

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muscle relaxant medications

Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)

Such as paracetamol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) can relieve fever and pain. Works a little differently and is more effective for pain relief. NSAIDS work by blocking the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals in the immune system of our body responsible for pain and fever. More specifically, inhibiting the enzyme called cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2). Common medications include ibuprofen, diclofenac and naproxen.

Using NSAIDS can increase the risk of heart attack or stroke and are also known to worsen the symptoms of heartburn. NSAIDS should be used with caution in patients with a heart condition. You should talk with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

COX-2 inhibitors



This is the latest class of NSAIDS. This drug works the same with NSAIDS but it does not block COX-1, which is a major cause stomach irritation. This drug is better for patients who are sensitive on the stomach. COX-2 inhibitors commonly treat conditions such as arthritis and joint disorders. Some common medications include celecoxib (Celebrex ®) and etoricoxib (Arcoxia®).

Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs are strong and should only be used for short periods of time (1-2 weeks). Corticosteroid usually prescribed by doctors and can be administered as a high dose. This means that You will start with high doses and only you yes only you-land-the dose will be lowered per day for five to six days or as instructed by Your doctor.

Corticosteroids can give some side effects such as weight gain, abdominal pain, headache, mood swings, and difficulty sleeping. It can also weaken the immune system of the body, and thins Your bones. Avoid long-term use can minimize these side effects.

Muscle relaxants

muscle relaxants are usually used in combination with other drugs for back pain associated with muscle spasms. It works centrally on the brain and not directly on the muscles. This drug tells Your brain to relax the muscles. Some common medications include baclofen, cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril ®), carisoprodol (Soma®) and eperison (Myonal ®).

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muscle relaxant medications

Opioid

Opioid pain relievers more powerful that is commonly used for pain that is severe. These drugs require a prescription from the doctor and periodic monitoring. It works by blocking the pain receptors in the brain. It can also affect the heart rate and breathing. Some examples of opioids include:
  • Morphine
  • Fentanyl
  • Oxycodone
  • Codeine
Side effects of opioids may include severe drowsiness, nausea, constipation, itching, heart rate lower. Drug dependence can develop if You take opioids regularly for a long period of time. Talk to Your doctor about how You can prevent this.

Antidepressants

Antidepressants typically used to treat depression, but can also be used to treat pain by changing the levels of chemicals in the brain, especially serotonin and norepinephrine. This brain chemical has been shown to affect pain receptors as well as receptors the mood. People with chronic pain conditions who do not respond to other treatment can use drugs to control the pain. The most common side effects include blurred vision, constipation, difficulty urinating, dry mouth, fatigue, nausea and headache.



Anticonvulsants (drugs neuroleptics)

Anticonvulsants are often used to relieve nerve or neuropathic pain. The patient may be using drugs neuroleptics for long periods of time. In general, people react well to anticonvulsants. The most common side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, and nausea. Some common medications are gabapentin (Neurontin ®), carbamazepine (Tegretol®) and pregabalin (Lyrica®).

Not all types of medication is suitable for You. You should talk to your doctor about Your condition and the severity of muscle pain which You are suffering. Do not try to treat yourself if You don't understand Your condition fully.

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