Narcolepsy Medications, Treatment and Home Care

Narcolepsy medications - Narcolepsy is a rare sleep disorder. A person with narcolepsy will feel excessive sleepiness in the daytime, with the incidence of sleep attacks repeatedly, fell asleep unintentionally at the time is not right, often occurs several times a day.

Narcolepsy can be on the over regardless, but generally begins at the time of adolescence or in middle age. All patients with narcolepsy will experience sleepiness extremes in the daytime, but its occurrence can be different.

For example, some patients with narcolepsy may be exposed to the attacks of sleep for 10 to 20 minutes several times each day, whether intentional or unintentional. While the other part is still able to control their naps and be able to determine when and where they will sleep, such as when you are resting or there were no jobs.
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Narcolepsy Medications

Because the symptoms of narcolepsy vary in each person, a laboratory test called the Multiple Sleep Latency Test can be performed to measure daytime sleepiness during the 4-5 naps of 20 minutes. This test can also show if there is a premature interruption of REM (rapid eye movement). Excessive drowsiness during the day which is not caused by a mood disorder or because of taking certain types of medications is a common health problem which is mainly caused by:
  • The quantity of sleep that is less or because of other disorders such as shift work
  • Poor quality sleep due to various problems, such as one due to suffer from chronic diseases
  • The problem with wakefulness during the day. The term narcolepsy is generally used for a group with this disorder.
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The symptoms of narcolepsy

As the symptoms are drowsiness extremes and the tendency to be exposed to the attacks of sleep during the day, other symptoms of narcolepsy:
  • Katapleksi (cataplexy) - marked with melemasnya muscles suddenly. Muscles relax can some the muscles so that the head drop, mouth open, drop the items, or it could be the overall muscles of the body. This state is triggered by a surge of emotion, be it sad or joyful. Usually a positive emotion is triggered katapleksi than negative emotions. In a study of patients with narcolepsy are invited to watch comedy movies, and as he rolled off she suddenly fell limp as if no bones support the body.

  • Hallucinations Hypnagogic/hypnopompic - the conditions of the dreams that creep into the conscious manifest as hallucinations. Patients will usually be hallucinating as seeing other people in the room. The other person could of known people, friends, family, just a shadow, a ghost or even alien creatures, depending on the cultural background of the patient.

  • Paralysis (paralysis) sleep - paralysis of the muscles of the volunteers in general that occurs at the time of the beginning of sleep. These events may be accompanied by a sense of being chased or feeling of an impending danger. The terror that arises in the event of the new can be told by a patient some years later. These events are also cancelled with a simple touch. Paralysis arising in patients with narcolepsy is thought to result from the inhibition of the motor is the same as occurs in REM sleep.
The cause of narcolepsy
The hypothalamus is a small structure located deep in the brain. Some of the vital role of the hypothalamus is to control body temperature, appetite and thirst. The hypothalamus is also connected to the 'reticular activating pathways', which is the structure of the brain that regulates sleep and wake cycles of the person.

It is estimated that narcolepsy is caused by disruption of the functioning of the hypothalamus which prevents the pathways in the brain work better. Instead of will arrange the body will get sleepy towards the end of the day, narcolepsy ordered the body to sleepiness randomly.

Most patients with narcolepsy have a deficiency of chemicals 'wake-promoting' called orexin or hypocretin. This deficiency usually occurs in patients with narcolepsy katapleksi.

Narcolepsy Medications

The treatment of narcolepsy
The treatment of narcolepsy depending on the level of severity. If symptoms are mild, the technique and management is as simple as set the time sleep during the day will be very helpful. In severe cases, drugs to stimulate the nervous system will be used, such as amphetamine, methylphenidate or modafinil.

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The condition of drowsiness other
Narcolepsy is a rare sleep disorder. Other conditions that can also cause excessive sleepiness during the day, among other things:

  • Lack of sleep - less-get enough sleep at night due to staying up late

  • Shift work - the internal clock of the brain has already set himself to wake up during the day and sleep at night. The rhythm is disturbed due to a person moving to a different time zone or due to shift work.

  • Depression - feelings of depression are symptoms of emotional disorders that can cause excessive sleepiness during the day.

  • Snoring with or without sleep apnea - disturbed Sleep, causing daytime sleepiness. Read more about sleep apnea.

  • Weakness, lethargy and lack of energy - common problems that often need to be investigated to get rid of sleepiness in the daytime.

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome - allegedly triggered by a viral infection. Other symptoms include weakness, muscle pain, sore throat and headache.
The Treatment Of Narcolepsy

There has been no cure for narcolepsy. The purpose of the treatment is only to control the symptoms, so that patient activity is not disturbed. For narcolepsy mild, the treatment can be done by changing the pattern of sleep habits.

However, if the symptoms appear severe enough, then patients need to be given drugs. In addition to the severity, provide a drugs will consider other factors, such as age, previous medical history, overall health, side effects that may be incurred, and the choice of the patient.

Several types of drugs used to relieve narcolepsy include:
  • A stimulant, drug to stimulate the central nervous system, thus helping the patient stay awake during the day. The doctor will give stimulants a type of methylphenidate.

  • Of tricyclic antidepressants. Antidepressant drugs, such as amitriptyline, help to relieve the symptoms of katapleksi or lost control of the muscles.

  •  Anti-depressants a type of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). These drugs serve to suppress time to sleep, help relieve the symptoms of katapleksi, hallucinations, and ketindihan or sleep paralysis.

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