FDA Approves New Copd Medications

New Copd Medications - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the name for a collection of lung diseases including chronic bronchitis, emphysema and diseases of the obstruction of the airway chronic. People with COPD have difficulties breathing, mainly caused by narrowing of the airways of them, this is called airflow obstruction.

1. Symptoms Of COPD

Typical symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD) includes:
  • copd 1 grown shortness of breath when active
  • Persistent cough with phlegm
  • Chest infections often
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New Copd Medications

The main cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD) is smoking. This is because smoking interferes with and inflame the lungs, causing scarring. Over the years, the inflammation leads to permanent changes in the lung. The walls of the airways thicken and more mucus is produced.

Damage to the smooth walls of the air sacs in the lungs causes emphysema and the lungs lose elasticity normal. The air duct is small also become scarred and narrowed. These changes cause symptoms of shortness of breath, cough and sputum associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Despite the damage that has occurred to the lungs cannot be reversed, You can slow down the progression of the disease. Stop smoking is very effective in doing this. Treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD) usually involves relieving symptoms with medication, for example with the use of Cordyceps to make breathing easier. pulmonary rehabilitation can also help increase the amount of exercise that You are able to do.

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2.Treatment Of COPD 

The goal of treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD) is to:
  • Slow down the disease by quitting smoking and avoiding triggers, such as air pollution.
  • Limit Your symptoms, such as shortness of breath, with drugs.
  • Improve Your overall health with routine activities.
  • Prevent and treat flare-ups with medication and other treatments.
Pulmonary rehabilitation (rehab) can help You meet these goals. This helps train Your mind, muscles, and the heart to get maximum results from damage to the lungs . This Program involves a team of health professionals that help to prevent or manage the problems caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD). Rehab typically combines exercise , respiratory therapy, advice for eating well, and other education.

Most treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD), including things that You can do for yourself. Quitting smoking is the most important thing You can do to slow down the disease and improve the quality of Your life.

Surgery is rarely used for chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD). It is only considered for people who have severe COPD that has not improved with other treatment. This operation is only an option for a small number of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Natural medicines are used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD) can help prevent the symptoms or to help relieve the symptoms.

3. The causes of COPD

If examined more in, the cause of COPD are divided into two types, namely exposure to cigarette smoke (usually happens in developed countries) and the exhaust gas kanlpot or industry (in developing countries).

Following a brief overview of how the two above factors trigger the onset of this disease:
  • The air passes through the trachea and into the lungs through the bronchi, bronchioles, and ends in the alveoli.
  • The Alveoli have very thin walls and filled with small blood vessels (capillaries). Well, this is where it happened pertukatan oxygen into carbon dioxide.
  •  On the sufferer, the level of elasticity of the bronchi and alveoli of the setback so that the air trapped in the lungs.
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New Copd Medications

4. Risk factors of COPD

As it turns out, there are several factors that cause a person more at risk of developing COPD, such as:
  • Often exposed to smoke
  • Have a history of asthma.
  • Frequent exposure to dust, chemicals, and the smoke of the burning fuel.
  • Age. The symptoms of this disease usually will slowly appear when the patient is aged more than 40 years.
  •  In some cases, COPD can also be triggered by the presence of abnormalities in genetics, such as the deficiency of alpha-1-antitrypsin.
5. Complications of COPD

Here are some of the complications that lurk patients:
  • Respiratory infections, such as flu and pneumonia.
  • Heart problems
  • Lung cancer
  • Depression
6. Diagnosis of COPD

To diagnose the condition of the patient, the doctor will usually examine signs and symptoms, the patient's medical history, as well as the possibility jensi exposure to triggers of COPD. Further, the doctor also may perform some checks, like :
  • Pulmonary function tests. This test serves to measure whether the lungs are able to deliver enough oxygen to the blood or not.

  • Spirometry. Pulmonary function tests the most common of these typically requires the patient to blow the air into a large tube connected to the machine spirometer. The machine is then measure how much air can be held in lungs.

  • A chest x-ray

  • Arterial blood gas analysis (AGD). This blood test aims to measure how well the lungs take in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.

7. Handling of COPD

To deal with COPD, the patient is usually advised to undergo medical therapy and lifestyle change day-to-day. For the handling of the use of drugs, the doctor will generally prescribe some type of medicine, such as:
  • Bronchodilator and steroid (inhaler); this therapy is intended to help relieve coughing and shortness of breath. In addition, drugs of this type can also be used to reduce airway inflammation and help prevent exacerbation.

  • Oral steroids; if used in the long term, this type of drug can trigger weight gain, diabetes, osteoporosis, cataracts, and increased risk of infection.

  • Theophylline; intended to improve breathing and prevents exacerbations. Side effects can include nausea, headache, fast heartbeat, and tremors.

  • Antibiotics; intended to help treat acute exacerbation; however, it is less recommended for preventive measures.
Along with the above treatment, COPD patients are also advised to change your lifestyle day-to-day, include:
  • Exercise regularly. In this way, the patient can increase strength and endurance of respiratory muscles You. Remember to always discuss the type of exercise You choose with the doctor, yes!
  • Consumption of healthy food. As it turns out, a healthy diet can help the patient in maintaining his physical strength.

  • Avoid smoking and air pollution. In addition to stop smoking, COPD patients are also required to avoid areas that are exposed to air pollution.

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