Type 2 Diabetes Medications List, Diagnosis and Treatment

Type 2 diabetes medications list - Although diabetes can not be cured, the detection of early allow the blood sugar levels of diabetics can be controlled.

The goal of treatment diabetes is to maintain the balance of blood sugar levels and minimize the risk of complications.  Here a detailed description regarding the handling of diabetes that is generally recommended.

Start a Healthy lifestyle
This is the initial treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes and helps the treatment process and prevent complications. These simple steps can be:

Type 2 Diabetes Medications List
  • Implement a healthy diet, for example increasing the consumption of foods rich in fiber, avoid fatty foods or sugared high.
  • Regular exercise, at least for 2.5 hours in a week.
  • Lose weight, especially for overweight or obesity (body weight index of 30 or more).
  • Quit smoking because it can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes.
  • Limit or stop consuming alcoholic drinks. The alcohol content in the liquor can increase the risk of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Do not consume alcoholic beverages on an empty stomach.
  • Maintain the condition of the feet. Ulcers on the legs is a complication commonly experienced by patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, keep the condition of Your feet and be aware of the wounds that do not heal.
  • Check the condition of the eyes regularly. The frequency of routine eye examination is recommended once every 2 years.
Proper medication to Overcome Diabetes Type 2

Balance blood sugar levels in diabetes sometimes can not be maintained only through the adoption of healthy eating patterns and regular exercise. You may also need medicine to handle it. There are several types of medication (usually in tablet form) that can be used for type 2 diabetes. You may also be given a combination of two types of drugs or more to control Your blood sugar levels.

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Metformin to reduce blood sugar levels

Metformin works by reducing the levels of sugar that channeled the liver into the bloodstream and make the body more responsive to insulin. This is the first drug which is often recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes. Different with other medications, metformin does not cause weight gain.

Therefore the drug is usually given to people who have excess weight. But metformin can sometimes cause mild side effects, for example nausea and diarrhea. Doctors also do not recommend this medication to diabetics who are experiencing kidney problems.

Sulfonylureas to increase insulin production in the pancreas

Sulfonylureas serve to increase insulin production in the pancreas. Diabetics are not taking metformin or not excess weight may be given this drug. If metformin is less effective for controlling blood sugar levels, Your doctor will probably combine it with a sulfonylurea.

Examples of these drugs are glimepiride, glibenclamide, glipizide, gliclazide and gliquidone. sulfonylureas will increase the insulin levels in the body so that it can heighten the risk of hypoglycemia if there is an error in its use. These drugs also have side effects such as weight gain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Pioglitazone as a trigger of insulin

Pioglitazone is usually combined with metformin, sulfonylureas, or both. This drug will trigger the cells of the body to be more sensitive to insulin, so more glucose moved from the blood. These drugs can cause weight gain and swelling in the ankles. You are not recommended to take pioglitazone if you have experienced heart failure or at risk of experiencing broken bones.

Gliptin (inhibiting the DPP-4 ) as preventing the breakdown of GLP-1

Gliptin or inhibitors of DPP-4 prevents the breakdown of the hormone GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1). GLP-1 is a hormone that plays a role in the production of insulin when high blood sugar levels. Thus, the gliptin help raise the level of insulin when sugar levels rise.

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Type 2 Diabetes Medications List

Gliptin (e.g., linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, and vildagliptin) can inhibit the increase of high blood sugar levels without causing hypoglycemia. This medication does not cause weight gain and is usually given if the patient can not drink a sulfonylurea or glitazone, or combined with both

Inhibiting SGLT-2, which have an impact on urine

Inhibiting SGLT-2 will increase the levels of sugar excreted through the urine. However, these drugs increase the risk of infection in the urinary tract and genital for people with diabetes. This drug is recommended if metformin and DPP-4 is not suitable for use by people with. Examples of inhibitors of SGLT-2 include dapagliflozin, canagliflozin, and is.

An agonist of GLP-1 as a trigger of insulin without risk of hypoglycemia

Agonists GLP-1 has a performance similar to the hormone GLP-1 naturally. This medication is given by injection to stimulate the production of insulin when high blood sugar levels without triggering the risk of hypoglycemia.

Acarbose to slow down the digestion of carbohydrates

Acarbose will slow down the digestive process of carbohydrates into sugar. This drug prevents the increase in blood sugar levels too quickly after a diabetic eat. These drugs can cause side effects of diarrhea and flatulence. Acarbose is also rarely used to treat type 2 diabetes, except if the patient is not fit to take another medicine.

Nateglinide and repaglinide for fun and insulin into the bloodstream

Both of these drugs will stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin into the bloodstream. The function of nateglinide and repaglinide can not last long, but is effective when taken before a meal. Although rarely used, are both recommended if the patient has a feeding schedule on clock-hours are not uncommon. All drugs still have side effects, including nateglinide and repaglinide . Side effects of both these drugs is hypoglycemia and weight gain.

Insulin therapy As a Companion to Other Drugs

Drugs in tablet form may be less effective for treating diabetes, so You require insulin therapy. Based on the dose and how to use, this therapy can be given to replace or administered simultaneously with the above medicines.

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Type 2 Diabetes Medications List

Other Medicines that are Generally Needed Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes have a higher risk for experiencing complications (heart disease, stroke, or kidney disease). The doctor will usually suggest drug-drug here to reduce the risk of complications:
  • Statins (e.g., simvastatin) to reduce the high cholesterol levels.
  • Lowering drugs hypertension.
  •  Drugs ACE Inhibitors, such as lisinopril, enalapril, or ramipril, if there is an indication of diabetic kidney disease. The development of the disease that is characterized by the presence of the protein albumin in the urine can be cured if treated immediately.
Monitoring Blood Sugar Levels

The risk of hypoglycemia (blood sugar levels that is too low) generally accompanies patients with type 2 diabetes who use insulin or certain tablet in the control of their blood sugar levels. Symptoms of hypoglycemia lightly covering the limp, shaking, and hungry.

The initial treatment for patients with diabetes who are experiencing hypoglycemia is to consume a source of carbohydrates (sugary drinks or glucose tablets) that can be absorbed quickly. After that, the patient should consume a source of carbohydrates that can last as long as a piece of wafer, a piece of a sandwich, or eating the fruit.

The above steps generally can improve the blood sugar levels back to normal. But this process can takes several hours. Hypoglycemia weight will result in people with diabetes feel dazed, sleepy, even loss of consciousness. When subjected to these conditions, diabetics should be immediately given an injection of glucagon (a hormone that can increase blood sugar levels quickly) directly into the muscle or vein.

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