Cellulitis Treatments, Prevention and Complications

Cellulitis treatments - Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin tissue can cause skin appears reddish, swollen, feels mushy, and hurts when pressed. This condition often attacks the skin of the lower limbs, but do not close the possibility can attack other parts of the body also. Anyone can experience cellulitis, including children and the elderly.

Cellulitis is a condition that can be life-threatening if not dealt with immediately given the infection can spread through the lymph nodes and blood vessels to invade the tissues under the skin. However, cellulitis is not a contagious skin disease due to this infection attacks the tissues of skin (subcutaneous tissue or dermis) and the top skin (epidermis) that is not in direct contact with the outside world.

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Cellulitis Treatments

The Cause Of Cellulitis
Most cases of cellulitis are caused by Streptococcus bacteria and Staphylococcus which enters from the wound on the skin, such as surgery wounds, cuts, and insect bites, or on the state of the skin irritation and skin swelling. Cellulitis can also develop in the various diseases of the skin, such as tinea pedis, eczema, or psoriasis, as well as due to radiotherapy.

In addition to the two main bacteria, there are also some other bacteria that can cause cellulitis and live in the environment, such as :
  • Hemophilus influenzae. These bacteria generally attack a 6 year old boy in the face, arms, and upper body.
  • Pasteurella multocida. This bacteria can be transmitted through a bite or scratch of a dog or cat, with an incubation time of 24 hours.
  • Aeromonas hydrophillia and Vibrio vulnificus. Both of these bacteria can be found in fresh water and sea water.
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These bacteria arise in puncture wounds.

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To date, not yet known for sure the main trigger of a person can be exposed to cellulitis. However, there are some risk factors that need to be considered, such as :
  • Obesity.
  • Poor blood flow in the arms, hands, legs or feet.
  • The immune system is low, for example due to suffering from HIV/AIDS, taking medications immunosuppressant (suppressor of the immune system), or are undergoing chemotherapy.
  • Diabetes.
  • Never experienced cellulitis before.
  • Using the medicine syringe.
  • Experience lymphedema.
The Symptoms Of Cellulitis

Some of the symptoms of cellulitis commonly experienced by sufferers include :
  • Skin redness that could potentially spread.
  • Swelling.
  • Pain.
  • Fever.
  • Red spots appear.
  • The skin blistered.
  • Skin purulent or watery (appears yellow liquid or clear)
The Diagnosis Of Cellulitis

Cellulitis is not easy to diagnose because it has symptoms similar to the symptoms of inflammation of the skin in general. To be sure, the doctor will perform a physical examination and also asking the patient's medical history as well as factors that trigger symptoms appear.

Cellulitis Treatments

To corroborate the results of the diagnosis, some of the following tests will also be performed :
  • A blood test. To see if there's an infection, namely from the number of white blood cells.
  • The test culture. In this test, a sample of fluid from the wound will be taken and checked whether there are bacteria.
  •  An X-Ray. To see the presence of foci of infection under the skin, including the bones.
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Treatment Of Cellulitis

In general, the treatment of cellulitis will be adjusted with the type and severity of the infection, as well as the patient's condition overall. Oral antibiotics are usually be the first treatment option for patients with cellulitis, with long-time use for 7-14 days.

If the patient's condition does not improve after 10 days or symptoms actually worsened, the doctor will advise the patient to undergo treatment in a hospital so that antibiotics and other drugs can be administered through injections. It is also commonly recommended for patients who have immune system weak, fever, and hypertension.

In rare cases, the doctor will recommend surgery if found pus or abscess. This is done to drain the pus or abscess of the tissues and cut the dead tissue to facilitate the healing process.

In the recovery period, some treatment can be done at home according to doctor's instructions, among other things :
  • Taking the drug pedera pain, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
  • Elevate the body part that is infected with the use of a soft base as a crutch.
  • Move the limbs that get infected regularly so as not to be
  • Avoid the use of compression stockings for a while if You are a sufferer of lymphedema, until the cellulitis healed.
  • Consuming enough water.
Complications Of Cellulitis

Cellulitis that is not treated can spread to other parts of the body and can strike the bottom of the skin, such as lymph nodes, blood vessels, as well as the deepest layers. This can lead to complications such as :
  • A blood infection.
  • Sepsis.
  • Infection of the bone.
  • Lymphadenitis.
  • Gangrene.
  • The spread of the infection into the deepest layers or fascial lining (necrotizing fasciitis). This is a medical emergency.
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Prevention Of Cellulitis

Cellulitis can be prevented by doing the following things:
  • Always keep the cleanliness of the skin and the wound using soap and water.
  • Close the wound with a plaster to avoid infection.
  • Always make sure that Your wound has no signs of infection.
  • Using the footwear while in the outside the house.
  • Use a moisturizer daily to avoid dry skin or chapped.
  • Cut the nails of feet and hands with be careful to avoid the wound.
  • Keep your weight to avoid obesity.

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