Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Home Remedies

Hand foot and mouth disease home remedies, The disease hand foot and mouth is a contagious viral infection that cause sores blisters on mouth and red spots on hands and feet. Sores blisters in the mouth that resembles thrush it is painful to make eating, drinking, and swallowing becomes difficult.

After no thrush, red spots be visible on the skin especially on the fingers, palm and back of the hands, and feet. Sometimes the red spots also appear on the buttocks and groin. Red spots that can turn into sores small blisters and sometimes it feels very itchy and uncomfortable.
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hand foot and mouth disease home remedies

A disease that a lot of affects children aged under 5 years is caused by enteroviruses, and is transmitted through coughing, sneezing, or through dirt that is infected by the virus and enters through the mouth.

Although it can cause uncomfortable symptoms, the disease hand foot and mouth is normally will heal on their own within 7 to 10 days, so the treatment given are only supportive to relieve the symptoms.

The disease hand foot and mouth itself had become a plague in the Asian region, particularly Singapore. In the year 2014, there were more than half the population in Singapore suffer from this disease. While in other countries such as Vietnam, there were 46.388 cases of the disease hand foot and mouth until 2016. The disease hand foot and mouth most often caused by a type of virus coxsackievirus. There is no handling that are specific to hurt it.

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The symptoms of the Disease Hand Foot and Mouth

The symptoms of the disease hand foot it generally appears 3 to 5 days after exposure to virus infections. Early symptoms can be :
  • Fever (usually around 38-39 degrees Celsius).
  • Thrush in mouth and sore throat.
  • Pain in the abdomen.
  • Cough.
  • Tired and listless.
  • Reduced appetite
  • Cranky (in children)
  • Red lesions and blisters on the tongue, gums, and inner cheek.
  • Red spots not itchy on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and sometimes on the buttocks.

The disease hand foot and mouth is actually relatively mild conditions. However it is recommended to see a doctor to get help if :
  • Occurs fever with temperature ≥38 degrees Celsius in patients under the age of three months or occurs fever with temperature ≥39 degrees Celsius in patients under the age of six months.

  • Skin feels very sore, hot, red and swollen, and oozing pus.

  • The sufferer can not or do not want to drink.

  • There are signs of dehydration, such as no response, urine little or no, as well as the hands and feet feels cold.

  •  If the patient is experiencing seizures, weakness or loss of consciousness.

  • When symptoms get severe and do not improve after seven to ten days.
The cause of the Disease Hand Foot and Mouth

The main cause of the disease hand foot and mouth is the coxsackie virus A16 from the group of nonpolio enteroviruses. A person can catch the virus if exposed to saliva, snot, and phlegm of the patient, as well as the grains of saliva, which they remove when sneezing or coughing. In addition, feces and fluid from the blisters on the skin can also be an intermediary of transmission of this virus. Generally coxsackie virus entered through the digestive tract.

The Virus in the patient's body to be easily transmitted to others during the first week of illness. Even so, the virus could still be in the patient's body up to many weeks after symptoms disappear so that it can still transmit the disease to other people. The majority of cases the disease hand foot and mouth is mild and can be cured by itself within seven to ten days.

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hand foot and mouth disease home remedies

The Diagnosis of the Disease Hand Foot and Mouth

The Diagnosis of the disease hand foot and mouth can be known through the physical examination to consider the age of the patient, the pattern of signs and symptoms experienced, as well as the presence of spots or sores blisters. In addition, the doctor can also do a throat swab or take a stool specimen to be analyzed in order to determine the virus that causes the disease.

The treatment of the Disease Hand Foot and Mouth

The disease hand foot and mouth usually does not require treatment in particular. In order to help relieve the symptoms experienced by sufferers, some things can be done, such as :
  • Give lots to drink to avoid dehydration.

  • Give medication thrush in the form of a mouth rinse or ointment to reduce the severity of symptoms.

  • Give cold drinks, including ice-cream to help reduce the pain caused by sores blisters in the mouth.

  • Do not give food or drink that was sour or spicy, because it can aggravate the pain.

  • Provide soft foods that don't require much chewing and easy to swallow.

  • Advise patients to rinse the mouth with warm water after a meal. If you can gargle without swallowing, recommend them to gargle with warm water that has been mixed with salt to relieve pain and swelling.
If it still feels sore and fever, give acetaminophen or ibuprofen are sold freely. Be careful in using the drug and follow the instructions indicated on the packaging.

Complications of the Disease Hand Foot and Mouth

That need to be aware of the disease hand foot and mouth is dehydration, because sufferers become difficult to eat or drink due to sores thrush. Complications classified as serious as encephalitis and meningitis rarely occurs.

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Prevention of Disease Hand Foot and Mouth

Some efforts that we can do to avoid transmission of the disease hand foot and mouth is :
  • As much as possible do not perform activities outside the home (such as school or work) until the condition is healed totally.

  • Using a tissue or handkerchief to cover your mouth and nose when we cough and sneeze.

  • Familiarize yourself wash hands with soap and water, especially after using the toilet, coughing, sneezing, changing a diaper, or before preparing food.

  •  Do not share equipment use eat or drink, towel, clothes, or cookware with patients.

  • Wash bed linen or fabric that is allegedly .

  • Prohibit the child share toys or kissing other people when he was infected.

  • Teach children to always maintain personal hygiene and apply hygienic behavior.

  • Clean the surface of the public facilities of the germs with a mixture of bleach and water.

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