Oral Thrush Treatments and Symptoms

Oral thrush treatments - Oral thrush is a condition in which the fungus Candida albicans accumulates on the lining of the mouth, which can also called candidiasis. Oral thrush causes lesions is creamy white, usually on the tongue or inner cheek.

The lesions can be painful and may bleed slightly when the lesions are dredged. Sometimes oral thrush may spread to the ceiling of the mouth, gums, tonsils (tonsils) or the back of the throat.

Although oral thrush can affect anyone, but is more likely to occur in infants and in people who wear dentures, use inhaled corticosteroids or a person with low body immunity. Oral thrush is a trivial matter if the body is healthy, but if the body has a weakened immune system, symptoms of oral thrush may be more severe and difficult to control.
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Oral Thrush Treatments

The cause of oral thrush

Oral thrush and Candida infections can occur when the immune system becomes weakened by diseases or drugs such as prednisone, or when antibiotics disturb the natural balance of microorganisms in the body.

Usually the immune system works to repel the invasion of harmful organisms, such as viruses, bacteria and fungi, while maintaining a balance between the microbes "good" and "bad" that normally inhabit the body.

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But sometimes these protective mechanisms fail, so can allow the infection oral thrush persists. Diseases that can make the body more susceptible to infection candidiasis of the mouth (oral trush), among others :

Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS, which can cause damage or destroy the cells of the immune system. So as to make the body more susceptible to opportunistic infections which normally the body will reject. Recurrent attacks of oral thrush may be the first sign of HIV infection.

2. Cancer
If a person is suffering from cancer, his immune system may be weakened because of cancer and because the treatment of the disease, such as chemotherapy and radiation. The disease of cancer and treatment of this disease can increase the risk of Candida infections such as oral thrush.

3. Diabetes mellitus
If a person suffers from diabetes that is untreated or uncontrolled diabetes with better, saliva (saliva) may contain large amounts of sugar, so that it can encourage the growth of candida.

4. Vaginal yeast infection
Vaginal fungal infection caused by the same fungi can cause candidiasis of the mouth. Although fungal infections are not harmful, if someone is pregnant then the fungus can be transmitted to the baby during labor. As a result, the baby may also be experiencing oral thrush.

Symptoms of oral thrush

1. In children and adults
Initially, a person may not be aware of the symptoms of oral trush. Depending on the cause, signs and symptoms can occur suddenly and last for a long time. These symptoms, among others:
  1. Lesions are white or creamy on the tongue, inner cheek, palate, gums, and tonsils (tonsil)
  2. A lesion resembling cheese
  3. Pain
  4. Slight bleeding if the lesions are rubbed or scraped
  5. Chapped and redness at the corners of the mouth (especially in denture wearers)
  6. A sensation like there is cotton in the mouth
  7. Loss of appetite
In severe cases, lesions can spread down into the esophagus and the esophagus (Candida esophagitis). If this happens, the patient may experience difficulty swallowing or feel as if food is stuck in the throat.

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Oral Thrush Treatments

2. In infants and nursing mothers
In addition to lesions of the mouth of the typical white-colored, the baby may also have difficulty eating or fussy and irritable. Baby can pass the infection to their mothers during breastfeeding. Women whose breasts are infected with candida may experience the signs and symptoms, among others:
  1. The nipple is very red, sensitive, and itchy
  2. There are skin flakes in the area of the dark circle of the nipple (areola)
  3. Nipple pain while breastfeeding
  4. Sharp pain deep in the breast
Treatment of oral thrush

The goal of any treatment of oral thrush is to stop the rapid spread of the fungus, but the best approach may depend on the patient's age, patient's overall health condition and the cause of the infection.

1. For babies and nursing mothers
If someone is breastfeeding a baby who has oral thrush, should the mother and baby be treated immediately. In addition must be treated immediately, other actions that are commonly performed, among others:

a. The doctor may prescribe antifungal drugs mild for the baby and an antifungal cream for the mother's breast.
b. If the baby is using a pacifier or teat, rinse nipples and pacifiers on a regular basis each day in a solution of vinegar and water and wipe it dry to prevent mold growth.
c. If the mother is using a breast pump, rinse in a solution of vinegar and water.

2. For healthy adults and children
An adult or child who has oral trush but healthy can try one of the following methods :
  • Eat yogurt without sugar
  • Taking capsules of acidophilus or acidophilus liquid

Yogurt and acidophilus do not destroy the fungus, but both can help restore the bacterial flora to normal in the body. If the infection is not healed, then the doctor will prescribe antifungal drugs.

3. For adults with weakened immune systems
Often doctors will prescribe, among other things:

a. Antifungal drugs
This drug comes in several forms, including candy, a tablet or a liquid that dikumurkan in the mouth and then swallowed.

b. Amphotericin B
Candida albicans can become resistant to antifungal medications, especially in people with late-stage HIV infection. This drug can be used when other medicines not effective.

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Some antifungal drugs can cause liver damage. For this reason, your doctor may perform blood tests to monitor liver function of patients, especially if patients require long-term treatment or have a history of liver disease.

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