Prediabetes Treatments, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Prediabetes treatments , Prediabetes is a condition when the levels of sugar in the blood already exceeds the limit of normal but have not yet been categorized to the type 2 diabetes. However, people with prediabetes can get type 2 diabetes if not immediately change his life style.

Symptoms Of Prediabetes

Prediabetes generally do not show specific symptoms. However, in order to be more alert, someone sugar levels in the blood exceed the normal limits should know the symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes, such as:
  • Easily tired.
  • Vision becomes blurred.
  • Often feel thirsty and hungry.
  • More frequent urination.
  • Body weight decreased.
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The Causes Of Prediabetes

Prediabetes occurs when the sugar (glucose) begins to accumulate in the bloodstream because the body can't process it well. Glucose comes from the food, and will get into the bloodstream when food is digested. So that glucose can be processed into energy, the body needs the help of the hormone insulin produced by the pancreas.

In patients with prediabetes, the process is impaired. Glucose is supposed to go into body cells to be processed into energy, it accumulates in the blood stream. This happens because the pancreas no more produce insulin, or because insulin resistance, which is when the body cells cannot utilize insulin properly. If this condition persists, the blood sugar levels will continue to rise, so that patients with prediabetes will be stricken with type 2 diabetes.

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Risk Factors For Prediabetes

Risk factors in prediabetes the same as risk factors in type 2 diabetes. This is because generally patients with type 2 diabetes previously experienced the condition of prediabetes. These risk factors, among others :

  • Aged over 45 years.
  • Too much consumption of soda, packaged foods, red meat and sugary drinks.
  • Smoking.
  • Physical activity less.
  • Hypertension.
  • High cholesterol.
  • Low birth weight.
  • Obesity.
  • Suffer from diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
  • Suffering from PCOS.
The Diagnosis Of Prediabetes

There are three blood tests that are generally performed by a doctor to determine whether a person is experiencing the condition of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

1. Test fasting blood sugar (GDP)
The patient will be asked to fast between 8 to 12 hours before undergoing a blood test. The levels of fasting blood sugar in patients judged normal if still below 100 mg/dL, and recently entered the condition of prediabetes if levels are between 100 to 125 mg/dL. The patient will be deemed to have been in the condition of type 2 diabetes if the fasting blood glucose level above 126 mg/dL.

2. Oral glucose tolerance test (2 h PP)
After blood samples were taken for examination of blood sugar test fasting, the patient will be asked to drink liquid sugar, then blood sampling will be done again two hours later.

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Blood sugar levels can be said to be normal if the test result shows less than 140 mg/dL, and considered entering the condition of prediabetes if the results of the test ranged from 140 to 199 mg/dL. While the results of the tests show sugar levels 200 mg/dL or more indicates the patient is suffering from type 2 diabetes.

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3. Test hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)
A blood test is done to determine levels of average blood sugar in the last 3 months, by measuring the percentage of blood sugar attached to red blood cells. The higher the blood sugar levels, the higher blood sugar that is inherent in the red blood cells.

The condition of the patient can be said to be normal if the levels of HbA1c is below 5.7 percent. A new patient is considered to enter the condition of prediabetes if levels of HbA1c in the range of 5.7 to 6.4 percent, and has already entered into the diabetes stage 2 if the levels of HbA1c of 6.5% to the top.

Complications Of Prediabetes
If left untreated, prediabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes and other diseases, such as:
  • Stroke.
  • Wounds on the feet at risk of amputation.
  • Infection.
  • Coronary heart disease and peripheral artery disease.
  • Chronic renal failure.
  • Eye damage and blindness.
  • High cholesterol.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Hearing problems.
  • Alzheimer's.
The Treatment Of Prediabetes

Treatment for people with prediabetes is to start to live a healthy lifestyle. In addition can normalize the blood sugar levels, healthy lifestyle can also prevent prediabetes developing into type 2 diabetes.

Patients with prediabetes can start a healthy lifestyle by increasing physical activity. Choose a sport that not too much power, and do it for 30 to 60 minutes several days a week. Exercise will make the body uses glucose as energy thereby preventing the buildup of glucose in the blood, and can lose excess weight. Reduce weight 5 to 10 percent of the total weight can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with prediabetes.

At the same time, change the food menu of which has been the cause of the high levels of sugar in the blood, to the menu of healthy food. Select the menu of foods that are high in fiber, but low in fat and calories, such as fruits, vegetables and grain. In addition, reduce your consumption of alcohol, limiting the intake of salt no more than 1500 mg per day, and also reduce the sweet food.

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Consistent menu of healthy foods and exercise, can make a person with the condition of prediabetes achieve optimal weight and avoid the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, if patients at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes, the doctor will prescribe metformin. The doctor can also prescribe drugs for other concomitant diseases such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

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