Syphilis Treatments, Causes, Risk Factors and Symptoms


Syphilis treatments - Syphilis is an infection caused by a bacteria called Treponema pallidum. Syphilis is one sexually transmitted infections (STIS). Generally, this infection spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected person. In addition to through intercourse, the bacteria that cause syphilis can also be spread through exposure to body fluids of sufferers, for example through the blood.

In general, direct contact occurs through sexual intercourse. Sexual intercourse this could take the form of sex-vaginal, anal, or oral. In addition, sharing needles can also transmit the infection of this disease, both on injecting drug users and on the buff of the art of tattooing the body, for example tattoos and pierced ears.
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syphilis treatments

Transmission of syphilis can occur from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby. This condition is known as congenital syphilis. The death of the baby in the womb can occur because of this infection. The bacteria that cause syphilis cannot survive for long outside the human body, and the disease can not be transmitted through the ways below:
  • Wear the same toilet with a person with syphilis.
  • Sharing eating utensils are the same.
  • Wear the same clothes.
  • Share the swimming pool or bathroom.
The first symptoms of syphilis appear about three weeks after the bacteria enters the body. Syphilis infection is divided into four main stages, among other things :



Primary Syphilis
Patients with syphilis have symptoms that start with lesions or sores on the genitals or in and around the mouth. Injuries that occur are shaped like insect bites but do not cause pain. At this stage, if an infected person sexual intercourse with another person, transmission is very easy to happen. These wounds persist for 1-2 months. Ultimately, these lesions will heal without leaving scars.

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Secondary Syphilis
Patients with secondary syphilis will experience a red rash serukuran small coins, and usually these rashes appear on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Other symptoms that may appear are fever, decreased appetite, inflammation of the throat and the genital warts. This phase can last for one to three months.

Latent Syphilis
After a phase of secondary syphilis, syphilis as if it will disappear and not cause any symptoms at all. This latency period can last about two years before then. to the most dangerous period in the syphilis infection that is tertiary syphilis.

Tertiary Syphilis
If the infection is not treated, syphilis will develop to the final stage, namely the tertiary syphilis. At this stage, the infection can give serious effects on the body. Some of the consequences of infection at this stage is paralysis, blindness, dementia, hearing problems, impotence, and even death if not treated.

Syphilis is most easily transmitted in the phase of primary and secondary syphilis. If You feel infected with syphilis, please consult to the doctor or clinic specialist venereal disease to make a diagnosis of syphilis. The more rapid syphilis treated, the smaller the possibility of syphilis develop into a serious disease.

The treatment is Carried out Against Syphilis

Treatment of syphilis is very easy to do. The treatment generally is to use antibiotics in the form of injections of penicillin. If not treated, syphilis can be a disease that is dangerous and can lead to death. Patients with syphilis who are in the period of treatment should avoid sexual intercourse until the infection is certainly healed total.

Penicillin is quite successful and can be used to treat primary and secondary syphilis. Penicillin is usually given through injections. The available types of antibiotics also kill the bacteria that causes syphilis if You are allergic to penicillin. A single injection of penicillin can stop the progression of the disease if You are infected less than one year. For infections lasting more than one year, You may need to increase the dose. Treatment is usually given for approximately 14 days, but can run longer in some cases.

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syphilis treatments

In the case of tertiary syphilis, treatment takes longer and antibiotics given through a drip. This treatment aims to stop infection, but could not repair the damage caused by tertiary syphilis. In the case of pregnant women suffering from syphilis, the handling is done also similar, namely with the use of antibiotics. This drug does not affect the condition of the baby is conceived.

At the beginning of the antibiotic treatment begins, some patients with syphilis could feel the reaction of Jarisch-Herxheimer. These reactions appear due to the spread of toxins from the cells of the bacteria are killed by antibiotic drugs.

Symptoms include fever, headache, and pain in the muscles or joints. This is not a serious condition and usually only lasts for one day. Paracetamol can be used to cope with the pain. However if the symptoms worsen, immediately contact a doctor.

For women, some drugs antibiotics for syphilis can interfere with methods of contraception that contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Contraceptives such as condoms can be used while undergoing antibiotic treatment.

After completing antibiotic treatment, You will be asked to undergo a blood test to ensure that the infection has been cured. You have to remain vigilant because it can still be infected with syphilis back though it was never treated and healed.

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If You are proven to suffer from syphilis, immediately notify the spouse or former spouse so that he can conduct the examination and receive treatment. If You feel embarrassed to talk about this disease with a partner or ex-partner, ask for advice on a doctor or health clinic specialist in venereal diseases. It is better for You to tell your partner about syphilis. If the disease is not handled, could eventually lead to death.

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Complications Due To Syphilis

Syphilis can cause a number of complications if left without treatment. Syphilis can also increase the risk of the emergence of a number of diseases which includes:
  • Nervous disorders, such as stroke, meningitis, loss of hearing, impaired vision, impotence, and disorders of the urinary bladder.
  • Disorders of the heart, such as swelling of the aorta, aneurysm, vascular disorders, and damage to heart valves.
  • Infection People suffering from syphilis and often alternated the pair have a risk of HIV-infected twice that of ordinary people.
  • Disorders pregnancy and fetus. Pregnant women suffering from syphilis can transmit the disease to the baby in utero.
  • A small lump or guma. This condition can appear on the skin, bone, and liver or other organs.

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