What Are The Treatments For HPV ?

Treatments For HPV - The Human papillomavirus or HPV is a virus that can cause the growth of warts in different parts of the body. This Virus live on skin cells and has more than 100 types. There are about 60 HPV types cause warts, which usually infects the parts of the body such as the feet and hands, while 40 other trigger the appearance of genital warts.

Not all HPV can cause cancer. However there are some types of HPV are dangerous, such as HPV 16 and HPV 18, are potentially the big trigger the onset of cervical cancer. WHO (World Health Organisation) estimates that about 70% of cervical cancers caused by both HPV types.

Treatments For HPV

Currently, there are two kinds of HPV vaccines that have been distributed in all corners of the world, including Indonesia. Vaccine type bivalent and kuadrivalen this proved to be effective to prevent HPV infection, including preventing the incidence of cancer of the cervix. Therefore, HPV vaccination is highly recommended for women group of teen-age, especially the age of 9-14 years.
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The way of Transmission of HPV

Most of the transmission of HPV occurs as a result of direct touch skin-to-skin with people. Similarly with objects contaminated with the HPV virus. Sexual intercourse is also one of the means of transmission of this virus on the genitals. For example through direct contact with genital skin, mucous membranes, exchange of body fluids, as well as oral sex or anal sex.

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Symptoms and Types of Warts caused By HPV

HPV tend to cause no symptoms so it is rarely realized by people. Our immune system also will usually eradicate the HPV infection before the virus is causing the symptoms so that it does not need handling.

However, if our body does not succeed to eradicate, HPV infection with certain types of potentially cause cervical cancer. Therefore, the women recommended to always check their health as well as undergo a vaccine to prevent HPV.

If the HPV infection up on the stage cause symptoms, the main indication is the growth of warts. Types of warts are divided into 5 categories, namely :
  • Common warts are generally in the form of a lump round the rough.

  • Plantar warts or fish eye. These warts are flat shape with a hole in the middle which is sometimes accompanied by black dots.

  • Flat warts (flat wart) with a shape like claw marks in the skin. The color is also diverse, can be brown, yellowish, or pink.

  • Warts filiform which is usually in the form of nodules of meat grown with the same color as the skin.

  • Periungual warts. Type of wart that usually grows on the feet and hands is shaped chapped like cauliflower as well as thicken the nail plate.
While genital warts can generally be in the form of lesions of the flat and bumps with the surface of the cracked similar to cauliflower. These warts will cause itching, but rarely pain. If the warts which You are suffering pain, itching or disturbing the appearance of, contact a doctor to get proper treatment.

Treatments For HPV

Risk factors In HPV Infection

HPV infection is very contagious and can happen to anyone. There are a number of factors that potentially increase a person's risk to be exposed to this virus. Such risk factors include :
  • Frequent change of partners. Having sex with more than one partner will increase Your risk.
  • Shared use of personal items, such as towels, handkerchiefs, or socks.
  • A weakened immune system, for example HIV/AIDS or undergoing chemotherapy.
  • Damaged skin, for example on open wounds.
  • Age. Common warts common suffered by children, while plantar warts and genital occurs more often in adolescents and among young adults.
  • Not maintaining hygiene, for example to a public bathroom without wearing footwear.
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The process of Diagnosis of HPV Infection

Diagnosis of HPV infection is the main through the examination of warts. If not there are warts that appear, the doctor will recommend several tests to help the process of dianosis. Type-the type of examination which may be undertaken in patients can be either:
  • Test a solution of acetic acid. The skin in the genital parts of the infected the HPV virus will turn into white after the smeared solution of acetic acid so easily detected.  

  • A Pap smear and a DNA test. In this test, the doctor will take a sample of cells from the cervix and vagina to be examined in the laboratory. Pap smear tests can also be used to detect abnormality in the cervical cells that can turn into cancer.
A method of Treatment of HPV Infection

Once the diagnosis is positive, there are 2 methods You can select, namely treatment with drugs or surgery procedures. Handling through the drug generally use a topical medication and requires a time long enough to eliminate warts. Some examples of topical medication to cope with warts is :
  • Salicylic acid which serves to erode layers of the wart gradually.
  • Trichloroacetic acid that will burn the protein in the cells of the warts.
  • Imiquimod which can improve the immune system against HPV.
  •  Podofilox works by destroying tissue on the genital warts.
In addition to topical medications, warts can also be treated with operation steps which include cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical removal, and laser surgery. Some types of HPV can even trigger abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix.

The changes are not immediately detected and treated it can develop into cervical cancer. Although rare, abnormal changes in the cells of the penis as well as anus also includes the complications which can be caused HPV infection.

Steps of Prevention of HPV Infection

Warts can disappear without special handling, but that doesn't mean the HPV virus also disappeared. This Virus will stay hidden in the body people with and can pass it on to others. Step the primary prevention of HPV infections is vaccination. Cervarix, Gardasil and Gardasil 9 is a type-the type of HPV vaccine can help prevent genital warts and cervical cancer.

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The vaccine is generally recommended for teen girls and can be given since the age of 10 years up to 26 years. In addition to vaccination, there are a number of preventive measures that may be useful. Simple steps include:
  • Avoid touching the wart directly. Immediately wash hands with soap if you accidentally touch a wart.
  • Don't be promiscuous and be faithful to Your partner.
  • Use a condom every time you have sex. Although not fully effective, these measures can reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Maintain cleanliness, for example wearing footwear in public areas that are damp (like the edge of a swimming pool) and wearing clean socks.
  •  Avoid shared use of personal items, such as razors or nail clippers.

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