Bladder Cancer Survival Rate, Symptoms and Treatment


Bladder cancer survival rate, Bladder cancer is a condition when cells in the bladder grow abnormally and uncontrollably, thus forming cancer cells. If the cancer cells continue to grow, the cancer cells can spread to tissues around the bladder or spread to other organs further away such as the liver, bones, and lungs. The urinary bladder is the organ that serves to accommodate the urine before it is discharged from the body.

Urine produced by the kidneys and carried to the bladder through a conduit called the ureters. At the time of the process of urination, muscles in the bladder contract and push urine out through a tube called the urethra. ( Read more : new copd medications and multiple sclerosis medications )
 
bladder cancer survival rate

The life expectancy of patients with bladder cancer stage 4

Based on the diagnosis conducted the National Cancer Data Base on patients with bladder cancer in the years 2000 and 2002, the life expectancy of five years (5 Years Survival Rate) if the cancer of the  is known and treated at stage 4 about 16%. While the cancer stage IVB has the rate of survival 5 years after diagnosis of around 15%. However, there are often treatment options available for women with stage-the stage of the cancer.

Remember, the survival rate is only an estimate – and this percentage can not predict what will happen in each individual. Talk to Your doctor to better understand the situation more clearly.

The treatment that can be done for bladder cancer stage 4

A variety of factors ultimately influence the decision of the patient to perform cancer treatment. The purpose of doing cancer treatment course to reduce the symptoms by controlling the development of cancer, increase the chance of patients to recover, or prolong the survival of patients. In doing the treatment of cancer, should be carefully because of the potential risk in conducting the treatment of cancer was not exactly paltry.

Patients with cervical cancer stage 4 is recommended to do a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Radiation therapy is treatment with X-rays that have the ability to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is performed by means of irradiating the body using X-rays or to insert a small capsule containing radioactive material directly near the cervix (internal radiation or implant).

Most patients will do both types of radiation therapy during treatment. Radiation therapy for cervical cancer is administered on an outpatient basis for 4 to 6 weeks.

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Types and treatment of bladder cancer



Types and treatment of bladder cancer is determined by the in the cell where the cancer grows. The following is a type of cancer of the bladder, which are distinguished based on the type of cell in which the cancer grows.
  • Membrane of carcinoma. This type is most common in bladder cancer. This cancer grows on the cell membrane, namely the layer of cells in the bladder.

  • Squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma (KSS) is a type of bladder cancer which also grows in the cell membrane of the manifold squamous. KSS bladder associated with bladder irritation that is sustainable, for example due to the use of urine catheters long-term or bladder infection
  • Adenocarcinoma. This type of cancer grows in the cells that make the mucus-producing gland at the urinary bladder. Cancer cells are formed after the bladder often experience inflammation.

bladder cancer survival rate

The Causes Of Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer occurs due to changes in the DNA structure (mutations) in the cells in in the bladder. The mutations make the cells in the bladder grow abnormally and form cancer cells. However, it is not known what causes the cells on the bladder change.

Experts suspect, change the cells on the bladder associated with exposure to specific chemical substances, such as carcinogenic substances in cigarettes. Bladder someone who is smoking, will be exposed to carcinogenic substances on a continuous basis.

Such exposure can trigger mutations in the cells of the bladder, so that the risk of causing bladder cancer. It's important to note, people who smoke are 4 times more at risk of developing bladder cancer than people who do not smoke.

In addition to smoking, bladder cancer is also suspected to be triggered by exposure to an industrial chemical such as 4-Aminobiphenyl, Benzidine, Xenylamine, O-toluidine, Aniline dyes, and 2-Naphthylamine are used in the manufacture of leather, rubber, textile, and paint. Other chemicals suspected can trigger the growth of bladder cancer cells is arsenic.

In addition to smoking and chemicals industry, the other risk factors that allegedly can trigger cancer of the urinary bladder is :
  • Male.
  • Women who are experiencing menopause too early (below 40 years).
  • Never undergoing radiotherapy of the pelvic region or near the bladder, for example for the treatment of colon cancer.
  • Never undergoing chemotherapy with the drug cisplatin or cyclophosphamide.
  • Suffer from urinary tract infections and bladder stones chronic.
  • Using a catheter the urine the long-term.
  • Suffer skistosomiasis untreated.
  • Ever had surgery of the prostate.
  •  Suffering from type 2 diabetes.
  • There is a history of cancer in the family.
Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer


Generally, a person suffering from the bladder cancer experience problems when urinating, such as the presence of blood in urine (hematuria), frequent urination (BAK), BAK suddenly, and the pain when urinating.

Bladder cancer can grow and spread to other parts of the body. At this stage, symptoms include :
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss.
  • Swelling in the limbs.
  • Bone pain.
Please be aware, blood in the urine does not always mean symptoms of bladder cancer, but could also be due to cystitis. Diseases of the kidney infection, enlarged prostate gland, kidney stones, and urethritis (inflammation of the urethra) can also cause blood in the urine. It is important to see a doctor if You find that there is blood in the urine, so the exact cause can be known.

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Treatment Of Bladder Cancer

Treatment in patients with urinary bladder cancer depends on the type of cancer, stage, age, and health condition of the patient in general.

1. Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT)

TURBT is a surgical procedure commonly performed to treat bladder cancer early-stage. This procedure insert an instrument called a resectoscope into the bladder through the channel of discharge of urine (the urethra). Resectoscope is equipped with a special wire to lift the tumor cells. If cancerous tissue still present in the urinary bladder of the patient after the tumor is removed, doctors will use laser to destroy the cancer.

This procedure is done by first giving the drug in patients, can be with local anesthesia or general anesthesia. After the procedure TURBT is complete, the doctor will insert a chemotherapy drug into the bladder of the patient to destroy any remaining cancer cells and prevent the tumor growing back.

2. Sistektomi

Sistektomi is surgery to remove part or the entire bladder. On Sistektomi partial, the doctor will only remove part of the bladder that are cancer cells. Sistektomi partial done if the cancer is only found in a portion of the bladder which can be disposed of without harm to the bladder function.

On sistektomi radical, the doctor will remove the entire bladder, a portion of the ureter, and lymph nodes. In male patients, sistektomi radicals include removal of the prostate and seminal vesicles, whereas in female patients involves removal of the uterus, ovaries, and part of the vagina.

This procedure is done by giving an incision in the lower abdominal wall. The procedure sistektomi radicals can lead to erectile dysfunction in men, and premature menopause and infertility (infertility) in women. The procedure sistektomi radical can also raises the risk of infection and bleeding.

In patients undergoing sistektomi radical, the doctor will make the bladder new with take the tissue in the intestine. Generally, the bladder allows the patient to urinate normally. In a number of cases, patients with bladder new having difficulty to empty urine and may need to use a catheter periodically to throw out all the urine from the bladder.

bladder cancer survival rate

3. Therapy intravesikal

This therapy is commonly applied in early-stage cancer. The doctor will insert the drug directly into the bladder. Drugs which included, among others :
  • Immunotherapy. Doctor will provoke the body's cells against cancer in the urinary bladder by inserting the bacteria Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) into the bladder through a catheter. This therapy can be started a few weeks after the patient underwent a TURBT.

  •  Intravesical chemotherapy. This procedure is executed by entering the medications to fight cancer cells in the bladder through a catheter. Chemotherapy can also be done through injections of the blood vessels to the stadium more, when cancer cells have spread out of the bladder.
4. Radiotherapy

Patients may undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for a few weeks. This therapy is usually recommended in some conditions, such as :
  • Bladder cancer early-stage.
  • Patients with bladder cancer early stage which could not undergo a surgical procedure.
  • Continued therapy after TURBT or sistektomi partial.
  • As the prevention or treatment of symptoms of bladder cancer stage advanced.
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Prevention Of Bladder Cancer

Although there is no proven way to prevent bladder cancer, but risk factors of this disease could be reduced by living a healthy lifestyle such as :
  • Stop smoking. Consult your doctor and undergo all the methods to quit smoking, so a carcinogenic substance does not accumulate in the body.

  • Avoid chemical exposure. Follow safety procedures and use personal protective equipment to avoid exposure to chemical substances in the work environment.

  •  Consume lots of fruits and vegetables. The content of antioxidants in fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of cancer.

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