Prediction Of Esophageal Cancer Survival Rate

Esophageal cancer survival rate, the survival rate of Esophageal Cancer 5 years is the ratio between the number of patients with Esophageal Cancer are still alive 5 years after diagnosed with the amount of people who do not succeed. Regardless of the stage or type of Esophageal Cancer, the survival rate of Esophageal Cancer is relatively 50-50 so 1 of the 2 patients lived more than 5 years with the drug inadequate. ( Read more : colon cancer test and proton therapy for prostate cancer )

Eight-three percent of patients diagnosed at first stage of cancer are able to survive up to 5 years. Treatment at this stage usually includes surgery and several sessions of chemotherapy. Four of the five patients remain alive because at this stage, the cancer is very easy to remove because it is still limited to one part of the body.

esophageal cancer survival rate

It is when the Esophageal Cancer begins spreading out from a network other that the survival rate of Esophageal Cancer can be quite low. And at the final stage, only 1 out of 8 people survive the cancer and add 5 or more years in their lives.

Read more : Signs Of Colon Cancer In Men

The good thing is more than half of the patients with Esophageal Cancer diagnosed in the first stage. Hopefully, this will improve more with the help of the more advanced equipment and more medical mission to spread awareness of Esophageal Cancer not only in the United States but also around the world.

Esophageal cancer is the growth of abnormal cells on the area of the esophagus, namely the channel link between the esophagus and the stomach. There are two types of esophageal cancer, namely squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma.

Squamous cell cancer (squamous cell carcinoma) is a cancer that occurs in the cells that form the surface of the esophagus. Whereas adenocarcinoma (adenocarcinoma) is the growth of cells abonomal that occur in the cells that produce mucus. The mucus functions as a lubricant for food passing through the esophagus.

Cause of esophageal cancer

Until now the cause of cancer of the esophagus could not be ascertained. However, there are risk factors that trigger the occurrence of this cancer.

In general, You are more at risk of developing cancer if the pattern of Your life is less healthy –such as obese, rarely eat vegetables and fruits, smoking, as well as having a habit is not healthy. Exposure to these risk factors can damage the DNA of cells in the esophagus and cause irritation repeated, resulting in a change of cell into a cancer cell.

Other risk factors, among others :
  • alcohol consumption
  • smoking
  • GERD (a type of indigestion) and Barret's of the esophagus
  • HPV infection
  • exposure to chemical gas at work
  • some rare conditions –such as diseases of the achalasia, syndrome Paterson-Brown Kelly, tylosis
Esophageal Cancer Diagnosis

To determine the diagnosis of esophageal cancer, the doctor will gather information from the patient to determine symptoms and presence of risk factors on a person. In addition, a physical examination will be focused on the area of the neck and chest.

In addition, it will do some investigations, such as :
  • endoscopy
  • imaging with examination of barium swallow, CT Scan, MRI, PET Scan
  • sampling biopsy

esophageal cancer survival rate

Esophageal Cancer Symptoms

Esophageal cancer can cause some symptoms, such as :
  • Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing: generally begins on solid foods, but can continue to be difficult to swallow liquids.
  • Decreased appetite and weight loss (due to difficulty swallowing or due to the cancer cell itself).
  • Chest pain or sensation of heat in the chest (associated with GERD).
  • Chronic cough.
  • A hoarse voice.
  • Bleeding in the esophagus, which can cause vomiting blood black-colored.
  • Vomiting after every meal.
You should immediately consult to the doctor if experiencing the following symptoms :
  • difficulty in swallowing
  • sensation of heat in the chest, for 3 weeks or more
  • other symptoms that do not disappear/ improve

Esophageal Cancer Treatment

Type and stage of esophageal cancer contribute to treatment options. The stage of cancer of the esophagus is determined from the growth of cancer in the wall of the esophagus, spread of cancer to the tissues around, also the spread of cancer to the lymph nodes.

The choice of treatment that can be done is:
  • Local Treatment:
  • surgery: oesophagectomy (removal of part of esophagus)
  • radiation therapy, the use of rays to kill cancer cells
  • therapeutic endoscopy, such as endoscopic mucosal resection, photodynamic therapy, radiofrequency ablation, stent esophagus, and some other type.
Systemic Treatment
  • chemotherapy, the use of drugs to kill cancer cells
  • targeted therapy with trastuzumab or ramucirumab
  • immunotherapy, the use of immune cells to kill cancer cells

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