Oral Cancer Survival Rate and Treatment

Oral Cancer Survival Rate, Oral cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells that invade and cause damage to surrounding tissue. Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not disappear. Oral cancer includes cancer of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, and palate, which can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early. ( Read more : colon cancer test and multiple sclerosis medications )
Oral Cancer Survival Rate

The Causes Of Oral Cancer

Cancer results when genetic mutations to instruct the cells to grow without control. Mouth cancer that left untreated will start in one part of the mouth, then spread to other parts of the mouth, to the head and neck, and entire body. Mouth cancer usually starts in the squamous cells that line the lips and inside the mouth. This is called squamous cell carcinoma.

The exact cause of the mutation is not known, but there is evidence that specific risk factors increase the likelihood of mouth cancer developing. The use of tobacco and alcohol is a major risk factor for mouth cancer.

Smokers are three times more likely than nonsmokers to develop cancer of the mouth, and people who smoke and drink alcohol have a risk of up to 30 times higher than those who do not smoke and drink.

Other risk factors include :
  • Exposure to ultraviolet on the lips, from the sun, sunlamps, or sunbeds
  • A Diet rich in red meat, processed meat, and fried foods
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastrointestinal conditions in which acid from the stomach leaking back into the throat
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • Radiation treatments previously, or radiotherapy, in head, neck, or both
  • Regularly chewing betel nut, a habit popular in some parts of Southeast Asia
  • Exposure to certain chemicals, especially asbestos, sulphuric acid, and formaldehyde
National Health service United Kingdom (NHS) noted that there is a small chance that the mouth or the risk of cancer. They encourage people to follow the practice of dental hygiene and a good mouth, including brushing your teeth regularly, to reduce the risk.

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Symptoms Of Oral Cancer

The most common symptoms of mouth cancer include :
  • Swelling or thickening, lumps or bumps, rough spots, crusty, peeling lips, gums, or other areas inside the mouth
  • The presence of such forms of velvety white, red, or mottled patterns (white and red) in the mouth
  • Bleeding that can't be explained in the mouth
  • Numbness of unknown cause, loss of taste, pain, thick in the area of the face, mouth, neck, or ears
  • Wounds on the face, neck, or mouth that bleed easily and do not heal within 2 weeks
  •  Soreness or feeling that something is stuck in back of throat
  • Difficulty chewing or swallowing, speaking, or moving jaw or tongue
  • Hoarseness, sore throat chronic, or changes in voice (talk especially lisp)
  • Changes in the suitability of the installation of dentures or jaw fake
  • Dramatic weight loss
  • A lump in the neck
If You notice any of these changes, contact your health care professional immediately to perform the inspection.

Oral Cancer Survival Rate

Who is at risk of developing cancer of the mouth?

About 70 percent of oral cancer is male, over the age of 50 years. Oral cancer is cancer is the sixth most frequently mengjangkiti the men.

Factor physicochemical for mouth cancer include :
  • Cigarettes, cigars, or pipe smokers are six times more likely than nonsmokers to get cancer of the mouth
  • Users of smokeless tobacco. Users of snuff or chewing tobacco increases the risk of cancer of the oral cavity
  •  Drinking excessive alcohol. cancer of the mouth about six times more often in drinkers than nondrinkers. Although alcohol is less potent than tobacco in causing cancers of the mouth, the combination of alcohol with tobacco in a higher risk of developing cancer of the mouth, compared with the one of course
  • A family history of cancer
  • Excessive sun exposure for lip cancer
  • Food habits bad
  • Smoking marijuana
It is important to note that more than 25 percent of all oral cancer occurs in people who do not smoke and who only drink alcohol occasionally. To these people, the viral infection may be the cause.

The Virus human papillomavirus (HPV) has been detected in up to 36 percent of patients with cancer of the mouth. This Virus is the same virus responsible for most cases of cervical cancer. The presence of this viral infection greatly increases the risk of developing cancer of the mouth.

However, the presence of HPV virus in oral cancer indicates the prognosis (future) is better than of mouth cancer which are not caused by the HPV virus. Cancer because HPV virus have a lower risk for experiencing second cancers and the risk of death is low.

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Oral cancer survival rate

Like cancer in general, cancer age has several stages. For oral cancer, the level of the chances of survival are as follows :
  • Stage I: 80%-85%
  • Stage II: 60%-75%
  • Stage III 35%-66%
  • Stage IV: 15% -30%.
5-year survival rate and 10 years for all stages of 56 percent and 4 percent, respectively.

The Diagnosis Of Mouth Cancer

As part of a routine dental check, the dentist should perform an oral cancer screening to his patients. More specifically, the dentist will feel for any lumps or tissue changes irregular in the neck, head, face, and oral cavity. When examining Your mouth, the dentist should look for any sores or tissue change color, as well as checking signs and symptoms mentioned above.

If the dentist sees tissue that looks suspicious, the dentist may recommend a biopsy. This procedure usually requires local anesthesia and can be performed by the dentist or specialist. Examination of the biopsy is taking a bit of tissue for examination under a microscope. Biopsy is necessary to detect oral cancer early, before more severe and spread.

Treatment of Mouth Cancer

Oral cancer is usually treated with surgery or radiation alone in the early stages. In more severe cases, combination surgery and radiation is the most common treatment. At the final stage of mouth cancer, the combination of radiation with chemotherapy, with or without surgery, is usually used.
Prevention Of Mouth Cancer

These steps can help You to prevent mouth cancer :
  • Do not smoke or use tobacco products
  • Drink alcohol in moderation (restraining yourself from liquor)
  • Eat a balanced diet, especially with vegetables that contain vitamin A
  •  Limit exposure to the sun. Repeated exposure increases the risk of cancer of the lips, especially the lower lip. When in the sun, use a protective lotion UV-A/B to avoid sun exposure on the skin and lips
  • Because there is a connection with the HPV virus, young people engage in oral sex have a higher risk of developing cancer of the mouth
  • Avoid using marijuana.

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