Phlegm Throat Cancer Survival Rate

Phlegm throat cancer survival rate, Phlegm throat cancer is a malignant tumor that grows and develops in the area of the throat. Such tumors originate from the cells of which become double in number uncontrollably. Based on the type of cells that turn into cancer, cancer of the throat is divided into two, namely squamous cell carcinoma (abnormality occurs in the cell membrane) and adenocarcinoma (abnormality occurs in gland cells). ( Read more : colon cancer test and proton therapy for prostate cancer )

While based on the area of the throat that is attacked, throat cancer is grouped into 3, namely cancer of the pharynx, larynx, and tonsils. Cancer of the pharynx is divided into 3 types, namely nasopharyngeal cancer (cancer that attacks the upper part of the throat), oropharynx (cancer that attacks the middle part of the throat), and hypopharynx (cancer that attacks the lower part of the throat).

phlegm throat cancer survival rate

In Indonesia, throat cancer, particularly cancer of the nasopharynx, ranks 4th as most cancer suffered cancer after breast cancer, cervical cancer, and lung cancer. in the year 2012 shows there are at least 87.000 cases of nasopharyngeal cancer every year, where 70% of sufferers are male.

Quite a high number of patients with cancer of the throat this indicates that the required understanding as well as appropriate preventive measures, so that the incidence of cancer in later can be suppressed.

Read more : Cancer Life Expectancy and Is Cancer Curable

Symptoms Of Cancer Of The Throat

Symptoms of throat cancer can be diverse and not the same on every patient. Some indications includ :
  • It is difficult to swallow.
  • Change of voice, for example hoarseness or a way of speaking that is not clear.
  • Chronic cough.
  • Sore throat.
  • Ear pain or buzzing.
  • Lumps that do not heal.
  • Weight loss without apparent cause.
  • Swelling of the eyes, jaw, throat, or neck.
Symptoms of cancer of the throat tend to be similar with other health problems, so it is difficult to be detected. Consult your doctor should be done if experiencing the above symptoms, especially those that do not not improve or gets worse.

Causes and Risk Factors of Throat Cancer

All cancers occur due to the presence of mutations in the cells. Mutation is what triggers the uncontrolled growth of cells. Similarly with throat cancer.

The cause behind the process of mutation is not yet known for certain. But there are a number of factors that allegedly can increase a person's risk for developing cancer of the throat, for example lifestyle and health conditions. Some examples are :
  • The use of tobacco, either in the form of cigarettes or chew.
  • The consumption of liquor is excessive.
  •  Dental health is not maintained.
  • Less eating fruit and vegetables.
  • Suffering from a viral infection of HPV (human papillomavirus) and diseases of stomach acids or GERD.
  • Symptoms Of Cancer Of The Throat

phlegm throat cancer survival rate
The Diagnosis Of Throat Cancer

In the early stages of the diagnosis, the doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical examination. If the patient is suspected of suffering from cancer of the throat, examination in more detail will be recommended to confirm the diagnosis. Types of inspection include :
  • Endoscopy or laryngoscopy.
  • Taking a tissue sample or biopsy.
  • X-ray, CT, MRI, and PET scan. This examination is used to determine the extent of spread of throat cancer.
The Stage Of Throat Cancer

Find out how much the spread of throat cancer will help the doctor to determine the treatment that will be undertaken by the patient. The spread is divided into five levels or stages, namely :
  • Stage 0: the tumor is only located in the tissues in the throat.
  • Stage 1: the tumor is small in size ( under 7 cm) and only attack the throat.
  • Stage 2: the tumor is larger, but has not spread to the outside of the throat.
  • Stage 3: tumor has spread to other tissues or organs near the throat.
  •  Stage 4: cancer has spread to tissues or organs outside of the throat and/or lymph nodes.
 Read more : Stage 4 Pancreatic Cancer Life Expectancy

Treatment Of Cancer Of The Throat

Every patients with throat cancer generally requires treatment that is different. The determination of handling methods is best depends on the health condition of the patient, the location of the growth of cancer, as well as the stage of the cancer itself.

Detection and treatment as early as possible is the main key in dealing with all cancers, including cancer of the throat. Some handling steps will generally be undertaken by patients include:
  1. Radiotherapy. If the cancer is in the early stages, radiotherapy is sometimes already quite effective in handle it. While for advanced stage cancers, radiotherapy is carried out only to reduce the symptoms and slow the progression of the cancer.

  2. Chemotherapy. Radiotherapy is also sometimes combined with chemotherapy because there are several types of chemotherapy drugs can increase the sensitivity of cancer cells to the process of radiotherapy. But the process of this combination will enhance the potential side effects of radiotherapy while chemotherapy.

  3. Surgery. The method of operation for throat cancer there are several types. The doctor will determine the type of surgery required based on the stage and location of the growth of cancer. Type-the type of operation includes:

    • Surgical removal through endoscopy. This procedure is recommended for throat cancer early-stage.

    • Laryngectomy, or surgical removal of part or all of the voice box affected by cancer. This operation is performed to handle the tumor size is small.

    • Faringektomi or procedures removal of all or part of the throat.

    • The procedure of stain removal neck lymph with cancer. This operation is performed if the cancer has already spread widely in the neck. This process is also used to check the level of spread of cancer cells in the lymph nodes.

  4. Drugs. Step other treatment is by drug therapy which generally use cetuximab. This process will be eyeing weakness in cancer cells to inhibit growth.
Method of treatment for throat cancer can cause a variety of complications and side effects, for example the disruption of the ability to speak, eat, or swallow. Before undergoing medical treatment certain, patients should discuss with your doctor about all the risks.

To memaksimalisasi the treatment of cancer of the throat, there are a number of simple steps that can be done. Among them is the quit smoking and avoid the consumption of liquor.

In addition to lowering the effectiveness of the method of treatment, smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages can slow down the process of recovery of the body and increase the risk of recurrence of cancer of the throat.

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