Signs, Causess and Symptoms Of Lymes Disease In Humans

Signs, Causess and Symptoms Of Lymes Disease In Humans, What Is Lime Disease ? definition Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria of the genus Borrelia sp that is transmitted through the bite of ticks. This condition can infect and disrupt many organ systems of the body. Bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi is the cause of Lyme disease.

Treatment is carried out as effectively and as soon as possible will ensure the process of healing faster. If left alone, the symptoms-symptoms of Lyme disease will develop more severe and prolonged. ( Read more : colon cancer test and proton therapy for prostate cancer )

Signs, Causess and Symptoms Of Lymes Disease In Humans

Symptoms Of Lyme Disease

Lyme disease has a variety of symptoms appear gradually. Here is the division of the symptoms of Lyme disease by stage or level of progression of the disease:
  1. Stage 1. Lyme disease stage 1 is characterized by the appearance of a rash that is shaped like a picture of archery target. This rash is a sign that the bacteria multiply in the blood vessels. Pattern of rash that formed generally is redness in the area of the former tick bite, surrounded by areas of normal skin and surrounded again by the area of redness on the outside.

    Rashes of this type are known by the name of erythema migrans. Although erythema migrans is typical for Lyme disease, in some cases, this rash may not appear. The rash erythema migrans usually appears about 1-2 weeks after the patient is bitten by a tick.

  2. Stage 2. Lyme disease stage 2 usually occurs a few weeks after being bitten by ticks. In stage 2, the bacteria Borrelia has spread to the whole body which is characterized with the symptoms similar to the flu. Lyme disease stage 2 can also cause complications such as meningitis, nervous disorders, or heart disease. The symptoms which mark the disease Lyme stage 2, among others, are:

    • Fever.
    • Chills.
    • Headache.
    • Muscle pain.
    • Enlargement of the lymph nodes.
    • Fatigue.
    • Sore throat.
    • Disorders of vision.

  3. Stage 3. Lyme disease stage 3 usually occurs if the patient is not treated in stage 1 or 2. Stage 3 can occur several weeks, months, or even years after a tick bite. Symptoms of Lyme disease stage 3, among others, are:

    • Arthritis in one or more than one joint, especially large joints such as the knee.
    • Numbness in the limbs and arms.
    • Arrhythmia.
    • Impaired short-term memory.
    • Mental disorders.
    • It is difficult to communicate.
    • Headache weight.
    • It's hard to concentrate.
    • Encephalopathy.

Lyme disease caused by Borrelia sp. There are four species of bacteria that can cause Lyme disease in humans, in Borrelia burgderfori, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia garinii. Bacteria Borrelia is transmitted through the intermediary of fleas, often times through ticks of the genus Ixodes sp.

Or in some cases, by ticks Ambylomma sp. Tick the type of Ixodes is the ticks have the ability to suck blood as food, both human blood and animal blood. Borrelia typically transmitted by the tick Ixodes

Some of the things that can cause a person more susceptible to Lyme disease, among others, are :
  • Often guest in the area grassy. Ticks carriers of Lyme disease often live in grassy areas. In addition to live in the skin of the deer, the tick carrier of the disease can also live on the skin of mice and other rodents. Often guest in the heart of grassy can cause a person to more easily terhinggapi tick and contracted Lyme disease.

  • Do not clean the body of the tick. Though often day in the grassy area, someone who regularly cleans the skin from hinggapan ticks to avoid Lyme disease.

  •  Dress open. Ticks can perch easily on the skin. Therefore, with dress open, someone can more easily terhinggapi ticks and get Lyme disease.

Signs, Causess and Symptoms Of Lymes Disease In Humans

The Diagnosis Of Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is generally difficult to diagnose because of the symptoms that tend to be similar to other diseases. The easiest way to determine whether a patient is suffering from this disease is through examination of the rashes in the skin. The doctor will ask the history of a tick bite, although many patients could not remember or know these things.

Physical examination and examination of rash can be done for a few days to ensure the presence of erythema migrans as a symptom which is typical for Lyme Disease. The rash of erythema migrans may experience a dilation in a few days if not given antibiotics.

If the patient could not remember ever being bitten by a tick and there is no erythema migrans, then the doctor will recommend the patient to undergo a blood test to confirm the diagnosis. But, keep in mind that a blood test performed in patients with Lyme Disease early stage is often less helpful because it has not yet formed specific antibodies against Borrelia sp.

Specific antibodies against the bacteria Borrelia sp can be detected in the blood of the sufferers through the method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (abbreviated as ELISA). If the results of antibody tests of Borrelia using the method of ELISA tested positive, the patient may be recommended to undergo a Western Blot to confirm the results of ELISA test.

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Treatment Of Lyme Disease

Step the main treatment for Lyme disease is with antibiotics. The duration of the use of antibiotics will generally takes about two weeks to one month. The difference in the duration of antibiotic treatment in each patient depends on the severity of the infection experienced.

Patients with Lyme disease the early stages is usually given antibiotics in tablet form. While for patients with Lyme disease advanced stage can be given antibiotics in the form of injections. Administration of antibiotics in the form of injections are also given if the symptoms of Lyme disease suffered involving central nervous system disorders. The treatment of Lyme disease early stage lasts around 14-21 days, while the advanced stage lasts about 14 to 28 days.

Some types of antibiotics that can be given to patients with Lyme disease, among others, are :

  • Tetracycline. This is a group of antibiotics of first choice in treating Lyme disease, especially doxycycline. But keep in mind that doxycycline should not be given to pregnant women, breast-feeding, and children under the age of 8 years. Another example of an antibiotic class is tetracycline itself.

  •  Penicillin. Antibiotics of this group can be given as a substitute for the group of tetracycline, particularly in patients with Lyme disease who are allergic to doxycycline, pregnant women, and children under the age of 8 years. Example the antibiotic penicillin is penicillin VK, penicillin G, and amoxicillin.

  •  Macrolides. In addition to the two groups of the above antibiotics, antibiotics group macrolides can also help treat Lyme disease. This antibiotic can be given to patients who can not be given tetracycline or penicillin. Examples of macrolide antibiotics are erythromycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin.

  •  Cephalosporins. Antibiotics of this group are usually used as an alternative for patients who can not be given doxycyline, for example cefuroxime. In addition, cephalosporins injections are also given to patients with severe symptoms. Examples of the injectable antibiotics that go into the group of cephalosporins are ceftriaxone and cefotaxime.
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Prevention Of Lyme Disease

Prevention Lyme disease can be done through simple steps. The most effective way is to avoid places that may be the habitat of ticks spreaders of Lyme disease. For example, shrubs or grass. There are also other simple measures that we can do, such as:
  • Using the closed clothes, especially during the day in a grassy place.

  •  Check yourself, your family, and pets, and dispose of the lice that landed on the skin (if any) after the day on grassy areas. How to dispose of it is to remove ticks from the skin slowly by the head using tweezers. Do not squeeze or pat the ticks. Use the antiseptic directly on the infestation of ticks after the ticks removed from the skin.

  •  Use the cream antiserangga to the skin at the time of day in the grassy areas. This cream can be used by both adults and children to avoid the perch lice spreader of Lyme disease.

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