Symptoms Of Intestinal Cancer and Survival Rate

Symptoms of intestinal cancer, Cancer of the intestinal or colon cancer is a type of cancer that attacks the colon or the last part of the human digestive system. Although this disease can occur at any age, 90 percent of the sufferers are elderly people above 60 years. Most cases of colon cancer begins with the formation of clumps of cells small called polyps adenoma. These clots then spread uncontrollably over time. ( Read more : colon cancer test and proton therapy for prostate cancer )
symptoms of intestinal cancer and Survival Rate

Symptoms Of intestinal Cancer

Intestinal cancer can be identified with the symptoms. Some of the symptoms felt by sufferers of colon cancer include:

1. Blood in Stool

One of the warning signs of the most common is bleeding in the rectum as delivered by medical personnel in the field of oncology Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Alfred Neugut.

When bowel movements accompanied by blood, immediate consultation to the doctor. Blood can be bright red or dark.

Many people do not see the feces after defecate, yet it is important to see it to know what happens to the body and when you know the most frequent symptoms of defecate cancer.

2. Iron deficiency

When bleeding occurs in colon cancer causes loss of iron from the body. That's the reason why important diligent blood test to determine anemia or not.

3. Stomach pain

The presence of a colon tumor can cause pain or cramping or other discomfort in the stomach as stated by Inra. In addition to pain, can also experience nausea and vomiting.

4. Constipation

When there is a problem of the gastrointestinal tract, will affect the shape of the feces or the frequency of the defecate. "If the defecate is thinner than usual there may be a tumor in the intestine. Also note the other changes for example constipation," said Inra.

5. Want to defecate, but can't

Tanesmus is the feeling of wanting to empty the bowels, but at the moment back there is no stool issued. When this happens, says the Inra, it could be because there is a tumor in the rectum.

6. Weight down without any apparent reason

Weight loss has always been a sign on colon cancer and other cancers. It looks already eat a lot, but even emaciated as stated by the National Cancer Institute.

Not all the symptoms will be felt by the patient. Some are frequent bowel movements accompanied by blood on the feces, others are not accompanied by blood. However they equally feel the pain in the abdomen.

See your doctor immediately if You feel the symptoms of colon cancer, especially if experiencing diarrhea alternating with constipation for more than three weeks. Please be on the lookout also if Your age has reached 50 years and over and feel any of these symptoms.

Causes Of Colon Cancer

Cancer occurs when a genetic mutation, in which cells of the DNA in certain areas of the body grow uncontrollably and destructive. On the disease of colon cancer, the abnormal growth of cells that originates in the lining of the intestine section in, then spread and destroy other cells nearby, or even up to several areas of the body.

Genetic mutations in colon cancer is thought to be hereditary. That is, someone who has family members with colon cancer will be more at risk to suffer this disease. There are two types of colon cancer that is hereditary :

  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). The disorder is also known by the name of syndrome of Lynch. Someone with the syndrome of Lynch will be at high risk of suffering from colon cancer before the age of 50 years.
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). FAP is a rare disease which causes the appearance of thousands of small lumps (polyps) on the walls of the large intestine and the rectum. A person with FAP at risk many times to suffer from colon cancer before the age of 40 years.
  • Eating too much red meat and
  • Lack of dietary fiber.
  • Consume alcoholic beverages.
  • Smoking.
  •  Having excess weight or obesity.
  • Aged over 50 years.
  • Suffering from diseases of digestive disorders, one of which is ulcerative colitis or a chronic inflammation in the large intestine.
  • Suffering from diabetes.
  • Less exercising.
  • Have parents or siblings who suffer from colon cancer.
  • Suffering from familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), i.e. genetic disorders that causes the growth of the clumps of cells or polyps in the large intestine.
symptoms of intestinal cancer and Survival Rate

Stages Of Development Of Colon Cancer

There are four stages which determine the level of severity of the disease cancer of the large intestine, namely:
  • Stage 1. At this stage the cancer has begun to grow in the colon, but has not spread because it is still obstructed bowel wall.
  • Stage 2. At this stage the cancer has spread to the entire wall of the large intestine, even pierce it.
  • Stage 3. At this stage the lymph nodes adjacent to the colon has been ravaged by cancer.
  •  Stage 4. This is the most severe degree of spread of colon cancer. At this stage the cancer has further spread and invade other organs of the body, for example lungs and liver.
Determination of the level of severity of the colon cancer can be done through diagnosis. It is useful in helping doctors to give appropriate treatment.

Prevention Of Colon Cancer

We can prevent colon cancer with how to implement a healthy lifestyle in order to minimize the risk of developing the disease. Among these are with :
  • Routine exercising. It is advisable to exercise routine for two and a half hours in a week. Type-the type of exercise that You can do for example is brisk walking or cycling.
  • Consuming healthy food. To avoid the risk of colon cancer, eat foods that are rich in fiber, for example fruits, nuts, or cereals. Expand to consume fish and reduce the consumption of meat.
  •  Keep the weight off.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Reduce or avoid alcoholic beverages. In general, the recommendations suggested are no more than 2 units of alcohol per day. Two units of alcohol is simply the same with more or less 1.5 cans of beer or 1.5 glasses of wine (wine). Keep in mind that each liquor has alcohol content that is different, so the amount was to be adjusted so as not to exceed the maximum limit per day.
In addition to living a healthy life, colon cancer can also be prevented or detected as early as possible with screening. The method of examination is strongly recommended especially for those who have a family history of colon cancer, as well as for people who have aged 50 years.
Chances Of Survival Of Patients With Colon Cancer

Opportunity cured sufferers will depend on how severe the cancer has spread when diagnosed. It is estimated about 80 percent of patients with colon cancer still have the opportunity to live at least one year after diagnosis. Even 40 percent of whom still have the opportunity to live longer, at least for the next 10 years.

Treatment Of Colon Cancer

Stage or severity of the cancer will determine the type of treatment what will be done by a doctor. Here are the three types of main treatment in cases of cancer of the colon.

1. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a way to kill the cells of cancer through the provision of a number of drugs. These medicines can be shaped tablet taken by mouth, infusion, or a combination of both. Some examples of drugs colon cancer is cetuximab and bevacizumab.

In the case of colon cancer, chemotherapy is usually done before surgery with the aim to shrink the tumor, relieve symptoms felt by the patient, or slow the spread of cancer. Chemotherapy can also be given post-surgery to prevent the cancer re-appeared.

The execution time of chemotherapy is usually divided into several cycles, depending on the severity of the cancer. Most patients colon cancer usually undergo sessions of infusion chemotherapy for a few hours or a day within two to three weeks. Every cycle of chemotherapy separated by a pause time break for a few weeks with the aim that the patient can recover themselves from the effects of chemotherapy.

2. Radiotherapy

The purpose of radiotherapy is the same as chemotherapy, to kill cancer cells. But in radiotherapy, the methods of treatment is done by using a beam of radiation.

Before the surgery, the radiotherapy can be done to reduce tumor size or relieve symptoms if the cancer has spread to the other parts of the body. While the radiotherapy is done postoperative aims to prevent the cancer not to return.

3. Operation

Type of operation handling of colon cancer is done depending on the severity of the spread of cancer itself. If the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, usually surgery can be done through a colonoscopy to eliminate cancer growth. If can not get through a colonoscopy, then it can be lifted through the operation of the ‘key hole’ or laparoscopic.

Type a second procedure called a colostomy operation. This is done if the cancer has spread through the walls of the intestine. Through the colostomy, the bowel that had been gnawed by the cancer will be removed. In addition, the lymph nodes will also be in the lift.

If the condition of the patient's health is already very bad due to the spread of the cancer that is already severe, then the goal of the surgery just to relieve the symptoms of the patient. With combined with chemotherapy or radiotherapy, this step is expected to improve the chances of survival of the patient.

Cancer Survival Rate and Life Expectancy

Opportunity cured sufferers will depend on how severe the cancer has spread when diagnosed. It is estimated about 80 percent of patients with colon cancer still have the opportunity to live at least one year after diagnosis. Even 40 percent of whom still have the opportunity to live longer, at least for the next 10 years.

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