Causes, Symptoms and Signs Of Testicular Cancer

Signs of testicular cancer, Testicular cancer is a condition that occurs when the cells in the testes grow uncontrollably. Testicular cancer including type of cancer that is quite rare. This condition occurs most often in men of age 15-49 years. The testicles are the male sex organ-shaped oval that is in the scrotum or pouch cock.

The Testis has an important role in the male reproductive system, which produce the hormone testosterone and sperm. Both of these hormones have a vital role in the development and sexual function of a man. ( Read more : colon cancer test and proton therapy for prostate cancer )

signs of testicular cancer

Based on the type of cell, testicular cancer is divided into several types, namely :
  • Testicular cancer cells sperm (germ cell). This is a type of testicular cancer most common About 95 percent of all cases of testicular cancer fall into this category. Cell sperm is a type of cell that the body uses to form sperm. Testicular cancer types is divided in two, namely seminoma and nonseminoma. Type of cancer seminomas grow more slowly compared with the type of cancer nonseminoma.

  • Lymphoma. About 4 percent of cases of testicular cancer recorded into the type.

  •  umor Leydig cells. About 1-3 percent of cases of testicular cancer recorded into the type.

  • Tumors of the Sertoli cells. This is a type of testicular cancer the most rare, that is only 1 percent.
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Symptoms Signs Of Testicular Cancer

The emergence of testicular cancer can be identified from the following symptoms :
  • A lump or swelling in one testicle. This is the most common symptom. Lumps and swelling often accompanied by pain.

  • A sharp pain and soreness on the part of the testes and scrotum. The scrotum may also feel heavy. This taste can come and go.

  • Occurs the accumulation of fluid in the scrotum and the patient will feel tired easily when cancer cells grow in the testes.
Although most lumps and swelling of the testicles not necessarily be a sign of cancer, the emergence of such symptoms remains to be wary of. In many cases, lumps on the testicles occurs because of swelling of veins or varicocele.

If not treated, testicular cancer can spread to other parts of the body (metastatic). If this condition occurs, then other symptoms will also appear. Typically, testicular cancer will spread to lymph nodes, can then spread to the abdomen or stomach, and lungs. This cancer can also spread to the liver, bone, and brain, although rarely occurs.

Symptoms of cancer that has metastasize, among others, are :
  • A cough that lasts a long time accompanied with blood.
  • Swelling or enlargement of the male breasts.
  • Shortness of breath and lower back pain.
  •  Lump or swelling the neck.
  • Shortness of breath.
The Causes Of Testicular Cancer

The main trigger of cancer of the testes is not known for certain until this moment. But clearly, testicular cancer occurs when cells in the testicles grow abnormally and uncontrolled.

Although the trigger is not yet known for certain, there are several factors that allegedly can increase a person's risk for testicular cancer, including :
  • Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism). The testes are formed in abdomen and usually descend into the scrotum after the baby boy was born or in the first year of his life. In the case of anomalies, undescended testicles. The medical term for this condition is an testicle or cryptorchidism.

  • Never suffer from testicular cancer. Men who have experienced testicular cancer are advised to have further tests after the treatment. They have the risk of testicular cancer with the possibility of 12-fold greater than that of normal people, on the part of the testicles in the other.

  •  Family health history. If there are family members, such as fathers and siblings of men who suffer from testicular cancer, then the chances of a person experiencing this condition will also increase.

  • Age. Testicular cancer occurs more often in between the ages of 15-49 years. Most cases occur in men aged 30-34 years. Even so, do not close the possibility of this cancer occur in the age-the age of the other.

  • Height. The higher the body of a man, his chances of testicular cancer are also greater. The relationship between the height with the risk of developing cancer motivated by the factors of food consumed. Writing may be more eating foods high in calories during the period of growth. It could potentially increase the risk of developing testicular cancer.

  • The growth of the testes is abnormal. Certain conditions, such as Klinefelter's syndrome, could cause the testicles do not develop normally. This will increase the risk of testicular cancer.

  •  HIV and AIDS. Diseases that attack the immune system of the body this also causes the sufferer susceptible to testicular cancer.

  • Smoking. People who smoke actively in the long-term risk of developing testicular cancer.

  • Race. Testicular cancer occurs more often in white men than black.
signs of testicular cancer

The system of stages of testicular cancer the second is to divide cancer into four stages :

Stage 1. The cancer is only found in the testes.
Stage 2. The cancer has already spread to the lymph nodes of the abdomen and pelvis.
Stage 3. Cancer spread to lymph nodes part of the upper chest.
Stage 4. The cancer has already spread to other organs, such as the lungs.

The Treatment Of Testicular Cancer

Treatment in testicular cancer depend on its type, as well as the severity or stage of the cancer experienced by the patient. Methods the first treatment that is generally applied is the surgical removal of the testicle with cancer or known by the term orkidektomi.

After surgical removal of the testicles, the patient may be advised to do chemotherapy for the lethal cancer cells that may still remain. In certain cases, doctors also advise patients to do radiotherapy if necessary. Continued operation will be required if the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or to other organs of the body.

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