Stage 1 Thyroid Cancer Survival Rate Nearly 100%

Early detection of thyroid cancer mean prognosis is very good. Often, patients with cancer who had been ascertained as papillary, medullary, follicular and thyroid cancer survival rate nearly 100%  if they are diagnosed at stage 1 and thyroid cancer life expectancy over a long time . Thyroid cancer occurs due to the growth of the cancer cells in the thyroid gland. This can occur in the primary (main cause) or secondary (due to spread or metastasis). ( Read more : colon cancer test and proton therapy for prostate cancer )

thyroid cancer survival rate

The thyroid is a pair of glands located behind the adam's apple or thyroid cartilage, or on the side of the throat. The thyroid plays an important role in the production and hormone regulation, as well as the setting of metabolic functions.

In addition, this gland secretes three hormones; T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine), which control metabolism, and calcitonin which regulates calcium levels in the blood.

Thyroid cancer typically affects the cells that create and manage those hormones. Included in these cells that the follicular cells (T3 and T4), the cells parafolikular (calcitonin), stromal (support network), and immune cells.

Although more than 60,000 cases diagnosed annually in the United States, thyroid cancer is still relatively rare. Yet known therapy that can cure this disease, however early detection is a common and numbers of survival is very high.

Read more : Signs And Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer

The Cause Of thyroid cancer

The actual cause of thyroid cancer remains unknown. However, risk factors have been found and include the following :

  • Age: Most of them are diagnosed with thyroid cancer not aged more than 55 years. In fact, approximately 2% of patients are teenagers and children.

  • Gender: thyroid Cancer for many more women than men. On average, at least 47.000 women affected compared to less than 20,000 men. This incident also slowly occur in men, who are often diagnosed when they are aged 60 to 70 years.

  • Diet: thyroid Cancer occurs more often in countries with iodine deficiency, which are minerals that help thyroid function properly with the use of calories properly. Follicular cells require iodine, which is obtained from blood flow.

  • Genetics and family history: thyroid Carcinoma medullary familial occurs when the cause of carcinoma of the thyroid medullary is damage to genes. Those who are diagnosed with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP – polyps double on the wall of the large intestine and the rectum/sewer) have a higher risk against colon cancer and thyroid cancer.

  • Other diseases: syndrome Cowden is a rare disease caused by defective gene PTEN. This condition is characterized by hamartoma (benign growths) in the amount of a lot. Meanwhile, acromegaly occurs when there is excessive growth hormone on the body.

  • Radiation exposure: Research has shown that adults who were exposed to radiation when they were young have a higher risk of having thyroid cancer in later in the day. The level, severity, and prolonged contact, however, will also affect the likelihood of this risk.
thyroid cancer survival rate

Symptoms Of Thyroid Cancer

In the early stages, thyroid cancer rarely cause symptoms, even tend to be not there at all. However, if you've entered the advanced stage, thyroid cancer is often marked by the appearance of a lump or swelling in front of neck, more precisely below the adam's apple, and usually do not feel sick.

There are some other symptoms that appear once the cancer enters stage advanced, among them:
  • Sore throat.
  • The difficulty in swallowing.
  • The voice becomes hoarse and does not improve after a few weeks.
  • Pain in the neck.
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck.
Not all lumps which appear on the thyroid gland caused by thyroid cancer. Most of the swelling of the thyroid gland caused by a condition known as the disease goiter. This condition is caused by hyperthyroidism (too much T3 and T4 hormones) or hypothyroidism (deficiency of the hormone T3 and T4).

Read more : Lung Cancer Symptoms In Men, Signs That Often Occurs

Risk Factors Of Thyroid Cancer

The exact cause of thyroid cancer is still unknown, but there are several factors that can increase the risk of the occurrence of these conditions, among others :
  • Having a thyroid disorder. People who have had thyroid disease benign, such as inflammation of the thyroid gland or thyroid disease, have the risk of thyroid cancer more than those who have never experienced it.

  •  Family health history. A genetic disorder that is revealed to be the cause of some cases of thyroid carcinoma menduler. The risk of thyroid cancer increased if person have a family which never suffered from this cancer.

  • The height and weight. The risk of thyroid cancer will be increased if someone has excess weight. The risk may also be increased in adults with height above average.

  •  Exposure to the radiation. Radiation from a nuclear or radiation from the treatment of specific medical can increase a person's risk of having thyroid cancer, especially if radiation was about the neck and head.

  • Digestive disorders. If a person is experiencing digestive disorders familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), he is at risk of having thyroid cancer. FAP is an inherited disease caused by gene defects.

  •  Gender. Women have the risk of thyroid cancer is 2-3 times than men. This condition may be related to a hormone that is released when women experience menstruation or when pregnant.

  • Acromegaly. This is a rare condition where the body produces too much growth hormone. This condition causes the person experiencing acromegaly is at risk of developing thyroid cancer.

It is important to remember that people who have one or several of the above risk factors will not necessarily be suffering from thyroid cancer in the future. In many cases, some people who suffer from thyroid cancer also did not have the above risk factors.

Read more : Signs And Symptoms Of Colon Cancer In Women

thyroid cancer survival rate

Treatment Of Thyroid Cancer

This type of treatment of thyroid cancer is very dependent on the type and stage of cancer. Some types of cancer, such as papillary carcinoma, carcinoma follicular, and most of the thyroid carcinoma medullary, have a better chance to heal. Thyroid cancer types this is handled by way of surgical removal of the thyroid gland, and may be combined with radiotherapy.

Here are some of the steps of treatment to deal with thyroid cancer:

  • Thyroidectomy. This procedure is performed to remove the thyroid gland, either partially (hemitiroidektomi) or the whole (total thyroidectomy). This procedure depends on the type and size of the thyroid cancer, as well as whether it has already spread to other parts of the body. The patient is recommended to rest for 2-3 weeks after surgery to avoid activities which give the load on the neck.

  • Hormone replacement therapy. The patient will not be able to produce a hormone that regulates the body's metabolic system after performing the procedure of thyroidectomy. Therefore the patient will need a tablet replacement hormones for the rest of his life. Regular blood tests need to be done to adjust the dose and monitor blood levels of the appropriate hormone to the body.

  • Setting levels of calcium. Surgical removal of the thyroid gland often affect the parathyroid glands. The parathyroid glands located near the thyroid gland and serves to regulate the levels of calcium in the blood. Therefore, calcium levels should also be constantly considered.

  • Treatment iodine radioactive. This treatment works to destroy cancer cells that still exist and prevent it from appearing again after undergoing surgery. Side effects that may occur due to this procedure are nausea, dry mouth, dry eyes, as well as the senses of taste and smell are changed.

  • Radiotherapy external. In this procedure, the wave of radioactive directed to the parts of the body are affected. This treatment is usually done to cope with cancer advanced stage or carcinoma of the thyroid anaplastic. The term radiotherapy alone depends on the type of cancer and its development.

  •  Chemotherapy. This procedure is usually only used to overcome thyroid carcinoma anaplastic that have spread to other parts of the body. The patient will be given very strong drugs to kill cancer cells. This treatment can not cure cancer anaplastic entirely, but can slow the progression of the cancer and help relieve symptoms that arise due to thyroid cancer.

Share this