West Nile Virus Symptoms, Signs, Causes and Treatments


West nile virus symptoms, signs, Causes and Treatments, West Nile virus infection is an infection that cause from mosquitoes carrying the virus. West Nile fever Most infections do not cause symptoms. In rare cases, West Nile virus can cause serious disease of the brain (encephalitis) and brain membranes (meningitis). Not all people bitten by a mosquito infected by West Nile virus, adults older than 50 years are more at risk. ( Read more : colon cancer test and proton therapy for prostate cancer )

West Nile Virus Symptoms, Signs, Cause and Treatment

Signs and symptoms of west nile virus infection

Most people have no symptoms. Others experience symptoms the most common form of a kind of flu, including cough, diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, and joint pain as well as muscle. Other symptoms are rash, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms of more serious diseases are eye pain, headache, stiff neck, difficulty walking, weakened body, convulsions, paralysis, and coma.

There might still be other symptoms that are not listed. If there are any questions about the signs of the disease, consultation with a doctor. Mild symptoms usually disappear. West Nile virus infection are more severe typically requires treatment in hospital. If You have signs or symptoms of severe infection, for example headache, stiff neck, and confusion, call an ambulance as soon as possible.

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Cause of west nile virus infection

Mosquitoes carrying the virus pass it to humans through bites. This Virus belongs to the flavivirus; and is often found in many places in nature, and infect many birds and certain mammals. This infection is not contagious.

Risk factors of west nile virus infection



Certain factors may increase the risk of West Nile virus infection:
  • Geographic Area: West Nile Virus appears most in the United States, but later also located in the area of the middle west and south where the number of cases has increased.
  • Time outside the home: If you work or spend time outside the house, You risk exposure to the virus.
Not having risk factors doesn't mean pain. This factor only as a reference. Consultation with a doctor for more detail.

West Nile Virus Symptoms, Signs, Cause and Treatment

Treatment for west nile virus infection?

Treatment is usually not necessary, but your doctor may prescribe medication to alleviate the symptoms. Drug without a prescription could cure headaches and muscle pain. For more serious infections, hospitalization is needed. Most people improve within 3-6 days, but who experience brain infection may need several weeks. Some people who suffer from a serious infection may have symptoms of prolonged.


The doctor makes a diagnosis of the patient's medical history, physical examination, and blood tests. For symptoms associated with the nervous system, the doctor may take a little cerebrospinal fluid to find the infection. The doctor may perform a computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head if the diagnosis is not clear.

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Additionally, it is important to prevent infection of others. To do so, insect repellent with DEET should be used on exposed skin, clothes, window, door, and screen tents. Insect repellent containing more than 10% DEET should not be used by children. Stroller infants aged less than 2 months there should be a mesh cover.

Prevent mosquito breeding by emptying objects that stagnant water, for example in the channels are clogged, gutters, flower pots, old tires, and a swimming pool. Abide in the house when mosquitoes are most active, or wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when outside the house. Use the cover display in the house or in a tent.

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