Is skin cancer genetic ? Here're the types diseases you should know !

Skin cancer is the abnormalities in the skin cells caused by mutations in the DNA of cells, which make cell growth is quick, the age of the cell is long and the cell loses its essence. Skin cancer generally occurs on the skin that is often exposed to sunlight, however, this condition can also occur on the skin that is not exposed to direct sunlight.

Reported by Verywell, experts still continue to investigate the influence of genes of the family against the incidence of melanoma. So far, they have revealed that genetic factors accounted for only one percent of all cases of skin cancer

Skin cancer is a type of cancer that is most common. And someone fair-skinned have a risk of developing skin cancer is highest. Then, how the characteristics of cancer caused against the patient's body?

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Is skin cancer genetic ? Here're skin cancer types you should know !

There are four types of skin cancer, the following explanation of the four types of cancer :

1. Actinic keratosis
This type is considered the initial stage of skin cancer. Types of skin cancer actinic keratosis-shaped red spots that are scaly. The presence of skin cancer actinic keratosis commonly found on the skin around the ears, arms, hands, face and area are often hit by the heat of the sun.

2. Basal Cell Carcinoma
This is a type of skin cancer is the most common. The size is small, there is a fleshy bump, nodule or red patches mostly appear on the head, neck and hands. This cancer does not grow quickly and rarely spreads to other parts of the body, but can be destructive locally.

3. Malignant Melanoma
The cancer invades the skin cells that produce melanin. So if cancer cells attack may cause discoloration on the skin.

4. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
This type of cancer is usually located at the edge of the ears, face, hands, arms, lips and mouth. Appear in the form of lumps or colored red on the skin, scaly and spread across the surface of the skin.

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Some of the factors that can increase a person's risk of getting skin cancer is:

  • Have white skin. Every person, regardless of the color of his skin, can suffer from skin cancer. However, white has protection against UV rays which is weak compared to darker skin. Darker skin have the amount of melanin is much that has protection against UV rays more powerful. In addition, easy to form spots on the skin indicates the skin is more susceptible to skin cancer.

  • Frequent exposure to the sun. People who are often exposed to sunlight are more at risk of developing skin cancer compared to those who rarely exposed to sunlight. Some of the conditions that can increase exposure to sunlight, among others

  • Live in an area that has a sunny climate.

  • Living in the higher areas.

  • Moles. People who have many moles or have moles that are abnormal (larger than usual) is at risk of developing skin cancer compared with people who have little moles.

  •  Age. People with age are more susceptible to skin cancer compared to children or teens.

  • Skin who never sunburn (sunburn). Skin blackened and blistered by the rays of the sun make the skin more at risk of developing skin cancer, especially if pelepuhan the skin occurs at the time children or adolescents.

  • Actinic keratosis. In people with bright skin tone, exposure to sunlight easy to cause the formation of patches in the form of thickening of the skin that are scaly on the face, hands, and head. This condition is pre-cancerous, and very potentially turn into skin cancer.

  • History of cancer of the skin. If someone never experienced cancer of the skin and cured, there is a possibility that the same conditions will re-appear.

  •   history of skin cancer in family members. A person at high risk of developing skin cancer if you have siblings or parents who had suffered from cancer of the skin.

  • The weakening of the immune system. People with a weak immune system have a high risk of skin cancer. As are people with HIV/AIDS, people who take immunosuppressant drugs, and recipients of organ transplants.

  • Radiation therapy. People with eczema or acne are given radiation therapy have a high risk of skin cancer, especially basal cell cancer.

  •  Exposure to certain chemicals. Some chemicals are carcinogenic, such as arsenic, can increase the risk of developing skin cancer.

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