What Is Kawasaki Disease ? Here're Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatments

What Is Kawasaki Disease ? Kawasaki disease is a disease that can cause inflammation in the walls of blood vessels throughout the body, particularly blood vessels of the heart. These conditions include rare disease that mostly attacks children under five years of age. Commonly toddlers aged between one and half to two years.

In addition to the blood vessels, Kawasaki disease can attack the lymph nodes, skin, and mucous membranes in the mouth, nose, and throat. Therefore, the disease is also called syndrome of the lymph nodes mucocutaneous.

The cause of Kawasaki disease is not yet known for certain. Experts suspect there are several factors that may be underlying the disease, for example hereditary factors, infections, autoimmune conditions, and several other factors.

Treatment of Kawasaki disease is best done a maximum of 10 days since the symptoms appear. The more quick handling is done, the smaller the risk of complications. This disease can be quickly cured.

What Is Kawasaki Disease picture Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment

Symptoms Of Kawasaki Disease

The symptoms of Kawasaki disease generally appears in three stages and will last for approximately 1.5 months.

The first stage occurs in weeks 1-2. At this stage, the main symptoms that appear are fever for more than five days, accompanied by:

  • Reddish rash that first appears in the area of the sex organs and spreads to the upper body, hands, feet, and face. This rash will usually disappear within one week.
  • Red eyes, but not out of fluid.
  • Change the condition of the mouth, such as tongue or throat red as well as the lips dry and chapped.
  • The fingers of the hand or foot that is swollen and reddened. Hands and feet will also ache.
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck.
In weeks 2-4, patients with Kawasaki disease will experience the second stage. Fever's already down, but the patient will experience other symptoms that include the skin on the tips of the fingers of the hands and feet peeling, digestive disorders (such as diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain), and pain and swelling in the joints.

At this stage, complications such as an aneurysm can appear. An aneurysm is the widening of blood vessels due to the blood vessel wall is not strong enough to withstand the flow of blood. The weakness of the walls of the blood vessels caused by the process of inflammation which occurs due to Kawasaki disease. If left untreated, the aneurysm can rupture and cause bleeding.

Patients will enter the third stage in weeks 4-6. On these weeks, the symptoms-symptoms of Kawasaki disease will slowly reduced, but the condition of the child generally still buckled so easily tired.

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What Is Kawasaki Disease picture Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment

Symptoms of this disease tend to be similar to other infections, especially hay fever symptoms in the first stage. If Your child is experiencing this condition, you should immediately consult to the doctor so that Your child gets the proper handling.

Kawasaki disease can not be prevented, but diagnosis and treatment as quickly as possible can decrease the risk of complications. With early treatment, most children who suffer from this disease can be cured in six weeks to two months.

Cause Of Kawasaki Disease

It is not yet known for certain what was the cause of the emergence of Kawasaki disease. Experts assess this disease may be caused by two main factors, namely infection and heredity.

If viewed from the symptoms, Kawasaki disease can be caused by the influence of the infection. The type of bacteria or virus that causes the disease is still not clearly identified until now. The disease is not contagious and is almost never strikes infants under six months because the baby is protected substance antibodies obtained from the mother.

Antibody is a protein which is able to destroy the organism is a carrier of the disease. Even so, do not close the possibility of this disease attack children at that age.
Heredity is suspected also influential on the emergence of Kawasaki disease. If a child is suffering from Kawasaki disease, most likely the children's parents also had it as a small. Siblings of a child who has a history of Kawasaki disease are also at risk of experiencing this disease.

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Diagnosis Of Kawasaki Disease

There is no specific test that can be used to confirm this disease. The doctor will usually diagnose this disease by examining the physical conditions and the symptoms experienced by the child. A number of indications which are generally considered as a benchmark is the symptoms in the first stage, such as the duration and the temperature of the fever sustained, red-eye, change on the mouth, lips, and fingers of the hands and feet.

Further examination may also be recommended, for example blood tests, urine tests, lumbar puncture, elektrodiagram, or an echocardiogram. This process is carried out in order to get rid of the possibility of the presence of other diseases that have symptoms that are similar, such as measles, scarlet fever, toxic shock syndrome, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and lupus.

What Is Kawasaki Disease picture Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment

Kawasaki disease also potentially lead to heart disorders. Doctors often find the presence of dilation of blood vessels around the heart in people with Kawasaki disease. Therefore, doctors also include test elektrodiagram and an echocardiogram while diagnosing the patient.

Treatment Of Kawasaki Disease

Handling as early and as effectively as possible is very important to speed up the healing process and reduce the risk of complications. If not treated immediately, the healing of Kawasaki disease will be the longer, the risk of complications is also greater.

The main goal of treatment in the early stages is to lower fever, reduce inflammation, and prevent the damage to the heart. The main procedure done to treat this disease is to give aspirin and immunoglobulin.

Aspirin actually should not be consumed by children below 16 years old, but Kawasaki disease is one of the exceptions. This drug can manage inflammation, lowers fever, and reduces pain. The dose and duration of aspirin use will be determined by the physician based on the patient's condition.

Administration of immunoglobulin through an iv is also needed to bring the fever down while the risk of cardiac complications. The intensity of the symptoms of Kawasaki disease will generally be reduced after patients received this infusion. The type of immunoglobulin used to treat Kawasaki disease is gamma globulin.

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If aspirin and immunoglobulin does not function, the doctor might give you corticosteroid. In addition to medicines, You can provide simple handling to reduce the heat. For example to give much to drink or compress Your child.

After the fever down, the doctor may give aspirin with a low dose if the patient is detected having problems in the coronary blood vessel. Low-dose Aspirin works to prevent blood clots. This medicine will usually be given up to 1.5-2 months since the symptoms appeared.

The Risk Of Complications Of Kawasaki Disease

Major complications due to Kawasaki disease is a heart problem. If not dealt with effectively, it is estimated around one in five children with this disease eventually suffer from heart complications. In fact, between 1 in 100 cases of complications that happen to be fatal.

Generally, disorders of the heart that occurs in people with Kawasaki disease can be found on the first and second weeks since the symptoms appeared, the Signs of which are often found usually in the form of a very rapid heart beat (tachycardia), fluid buildup in the heart (pericardial effusion), or inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis).

What Is Kawasaki Disease picture Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment

Serious complications in people with Kawasaki disease are generally caused by inflammation and swelling in the coronary blood vessel. The walls of the blood vessels may be weakened, causing the formation of aneurysms or of vessel walls can constrict and trigger blood clots. Both of these complications can lead to heart damage.

The doctor will recommend further tests to monitor the condition of the heart of Your child periodically if there are indications that Your child is suffering from a heart problem. Process monitoring is usually held in six to eight weeks after the symptoms of Kawasaki disease appear.

If the heart problems experienced by continuing, Your child will undergo treatment by heart specialists. This condition will generally be treated with medications such as anticoagulants and antiplatelet or operating procedures which include coronary angioplasty and bypass surgery of the coronary arteries (CABG).

Patients with levels severe complications may experience permanent damage to the muscle or heart valves that function to control blood flow. Therefore, they are recommended to always do some inspection on a regular basis by a heart specialist so the condition can be constantly monitored.

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