Beware 12 Meningitis symptoms : From headache to the risk of death

Meningitis symptoms, About 1.2 million cases of bacterial meningitis occur annually in the world, with a death rate reached 135.000 inhabitants. Outbreaks meningitis the largest in the history of the world recorded the WHO occurred in 1996-1997 which caused more than 250,000 cases and 25,000 deaths.

The epidemic the worst ever to befall Africa this part of the Sahara and vicinity for a century. Numbers up to 100 up to 800 cases on 100 thousand people.

this figure shows that the spread of the patients diagnosed with meningitis every year almost evenly. Notice the absence of the risk of death that often can not be predicted shows how kritikalnya handling that takes the patient of this disease.

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Meningitis symptoms : From headache to the risk of death

Symptoms of meningitis :

So what exactly is meningitis? Anything because that could invite him to come?

In simple terms, meningitis is an inflammation of the membrane that envelops the brain and spinal cord. In biology, the membrane is called the meninges. This inflammation is caused by infections from viruses, bacteria, microorganisms, or in rare cases due to the consumption of unhealthy certain medications.

According to a study released in The New England Journal of Medicine, a common symptom that occurs in patients with meningitis are headache, stiff neck accompanied by fever, confusion or change in consciousness, vomiting, photophobia or increased sensitivity to light, and fonofobia aka sensitivity to sound is also increased.

However, of the 696 cases they researched, found three symptoms that will inevitably arise in patients with meningitis—something that is sure to happen, that can be used as indicators of early detection. Among these are high fever suddenly, the neck rigid, and mental changes sudden. All three occur in 44 to 46 percent of patients with meningitis caused by bacteria. However, about 95 percent of patients definitely felt the two of them.

1. Fever, cold hands and feet
2. Refusing food or vomiting
3. Fussy, difficult
4. Muscle pain
5. Drowsiness, less responsive
6. Breath fast
7. Pale skin, acne
8. A rash that does not fade while pressed
9. Crying or whimpering
10. Body tense and rigid
11. Stiff neck, dislike of bright light
12. Seizures-seizures

In children the symptoms above often times escape. Usually they're just so fussy and complains of a headache. Another feature which may appear is a red rash on the skin.

Even though there is such as influenza or the flu, meningitis can also be contagious. Usually from kissing, sneezing or coughing, but can not spread simply by breathing the same air with patients with meningitis.

In the research it is mentioned that the risk of death meningitis caused by bacteria is very high, depending on the age of sufferers and causes. Meanwhile, the meningitis caused by a virus tend to heal themselves and rarely have an impact fatal.

In premature infants and newborn calves aged up to three months, 20 to 30 percent may die if it is exposed to bacterial meningitis. According to the WHO, meningitis even included in the five most deadly diseases for children new born in the world.

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Meningitis symptoms : From headache to the risk of death

The risk of death declined slightly for children aged above three years old up to 16 years, up to 2 percent, but rose again to 19 to 37 percent if it occurs in adults. About 80 percent of cases in this age caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitides and Streptococcus pneumonia.

Because one possible cause is a virus, one way to prevent this disease is by meningitis vaccine. Since the 1980s, the world's children starting immunization against virus Haemophilus influenzae type b, one of the causes of meningitis. This vaccine also be given to prospective pilgrims, remember meningitis can spread quickly in places where people live together as a dorm, or barracks.

Another way is administration of antibiotics, for cases of meningitis caused by bacteria. This gift can be done even if the patient's condition has not been confirmed the lab results. Therefore, bacterial meningitis can react quickly and be fatal.

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