Types, signs symptoms of blood cancer and the treatment

You may have often heard of leukemia, a type of blood cancer that most often occurs in the community. In fact, there are two types of blood cancer other which are also worth to watch out for, namely lymphoma and myeloma.

Each type of blood cancer that has a way of treatment that is different, you know. Don't get the treatment of the blood cancer lymphoma equated with leukemia.

Hematology Cancer also known as blood cancer is a cancer that affects the production and function of blood cells. Most of the blood cancer begins from the bone marrow where blood is produced. Cancer cells prevent normal blood cells to perform their functions.

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Types, signs symptoms of blood cancer and the treatment

Types of blood cancer :

1. Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of white blood cells, which stops the white blood cells in fighting infection. This is the most common type of blood cancer. When a person has leukemia, the bone marrow is unable to produce red blood cells enough and platelets to supply the body's needs.

Based on how fast its development as well as the type of white blood cell that is affected, leukemia is divided into several types, namely acute and chronic. Chronic Leukemia is much more dangerous and difficult to treat.

Symptoms of the blood cancer leukemia

The symptoms of leukemia is essentially difficult to recognize because they do not have traits that are typical. Even so, the leukemia has many symptoms that can help detect this disease, such as:
  • Anemia
  • The blood of hard freezes
  • Often experience bleeding such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or bruising
  • Susceptible to infection
  • Pain in the joints or in the spine
  • Headache that is intense
  • Decreased appetite
  • Experience drastic weight loss
  • Appears excessive perspiration at night
2. Lymphoma

Lymphoma develops in lymphocytes – type of white blood cells whose role is to fight infection. This type of cancer also affect the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. Lymphocytes that are not normal can interfere with Your immune system. This will reduce the durability of the body penderitnya against harmful factors from the outside.

Lymphoma consists of a variety of types, but the two main categories of lymphoma are:
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma, which involves a type of lymphocytes B cells that are not normal called cells Red-Sternberg. These types include lymphoma, which is rare
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which could occur in B cells or t cells.

Symptoms of the blood cancer lymphoma

The signs and symptoms of lymphoma which is common is:
  • The presence of a bulge under the skin, usually in the groin, neck, or armpits
  • Fever and chills
  • A cough that never healed and improved
  • Shortness of breath and pain in the chest
  • Itching all over the body
  • Excessive sweating at night
  • Abdominal pain, back pain, or bone pain
  • Always feel weak, lethargic, and not excited
  • The weight dropped drastically for no apparent reason
  • Decreased appetite
  • Nervous disorders
  • Appear blood in the stool or vomiting
  •  Menstrual with blood volume overload
3. Myeloma

Myeloma is a type of cancer formed by plasma cells malignant. Plasma cells produce antibodies (or immunoglobulins) that help the body attack and kill germs. Normal plasma cells found in bone marrow and is part of the immune system which is important.

The bone marrow is the soft tissue inside some of the cavities of the bones. In addition to plasma cells, the bone marrow also has cells that build the type of blood cells other.

Cancer begins when cells in the body start to grow uncontrolled. Cells in almost all other parts of the body could become cancerous, and can spread to areas of the body. Blood cancer types this prevents the production of normal antibodies, resulting in immune system Your body becomes weak and susceptible to infection.

Symptoms blood cancer myeloma

Because myeloma affects the immune system, this disease can cause many symptoms in the body. However, there are some of the symptoms of blood cancer myeloma which is typical, in which:
  • Anemia
  • Often experience bleeding and bruising
  • Disorders of bone and calcium, causing the bones easily broken
  • Susceptible to infection
  • Disorders or kidney damage
  • Swollen feet

Types, signs symptoms of blood cancer and the treatment

Causes of blood cancer

The cause of blood cancer is the uncontrolled growth of blood cells. Normally, blood cells in the body follow the path of orderly growth, division, and death but cancer cells blood not. Cells causes blood cancer do not die automatically. In addition, cancer cells in blood that are not normal can be spread to another area, pressing the normal blood cells and impede its function.

In general, scientists still do not know for sure what the cause of cancer of the blood. However, experts suspect that changes in DNA can make the blood cells healthy to be cancer.

This cancer also has a genetic predisposition. So, if Your closest family such as parents, siblings, grandfather, or grandmother have a history of this disease, then You also risk to have it also.

In addition, there are also other factors that could be the cause of blood cancer. In whom exposure to harmful chemicals, exposure to radiation, and certain viral infections.

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Treatment of blood cancer

Treatment for blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, spread of cancer, age and health of the patient overall, as well as resepon the patient to treatment. Some of the treatment of blood cancer commonly includes:
  1. Chemotherapy.
    Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs designed to interfere with and stop the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer sometimes consists of giving several drugs together in a set of treatment esses. In addition, chemotherapy can also be given before a stem cell transplant.

  2. Radiation therapy.
    This procedure can be used to destroy cancer cells or to reduce pain or discomfort during the symptoms of blood cancer appear. This procedure is carried out using high-energy wave such as x-rays, gamma, protons, and electrons to kill cancer cells. Although radiation therapy is most often used as a cure for cancer, but sometimes this therapy is also used to treat patients who are not affected by this disease, such as tumors and disorders in the thyroid gland.

  3. Target Therapy .
    Targeted therapy is a therapy that uses drugs or other chemicals to identify and attack cancer cells specifically without killing the normal cells.

  4. Of stem cell transplantation.
    Stem cell transplant will instill blood-forming stem cells healthy in the body. Stem cells can be collected from bone marrow, peripheral blood, and umbilical cord blood.
In general, the treatment used for blood cancer can be in the form of a combination of several therapies. Consult with Your doctor for choice of therapy and cancer drug that is right for You. Each treatment of this disease have side effects that are different. Consider the risk of consumption of cancer drugs with Your condition.

Treatment of blood cancer at house
What are the changes-lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to overcome the blood cancer?

Some lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help You cope with blood cancer are:
  • Exercise regularly
  • The discipline of adhering to a healthy lifestyle
  • Avoid herbicides, pesticides, and insecticides
  • Avoid exposure to radiation
  • Eat healthy foods and drink plenty of water
  • Take the medicine regularly in accordance with the doctor prescribed

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