Wary of Tuberculosis in eye, Here symptoms and treatment that you should know

Tuberculosis eye symptoms and signs, virus Mycobacterium Tuberculosis that cause Tuberculosis (TB) it turns out that not only attack the organs of the lungs. this virus it can also attack other organs except hair, teeth and nails. As much as 95 percent of Tuberculosis cases indeed attack the lungs. But five percent more can also attack other organs such as the intestine, the eyes, the nose, until the skin

Unlike pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) have the typical symptoms such as cough, tuberculosis eye infection other generally more difficult to detect and not knowingly.

When it attacks the skin, symptoms can include sores that do not heal. That attack the glands can be in the form of lumps. Even difficult people have heredity can also be because the Tuberculosis bacteria that attack the fallopian tubes. But usually this is often not recognized as Tuberculosis.

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Tuberculosis eye symptoms, signs and treatment

Symptoms of Tuberculosis (TB) in eye

Ocular tuberculosis eye infection, from eyelids to retina, so symptoms and signs of Tuberculosis eye  will vary greatly. The two symptoms most frequently complained of is loss of vision and a sense of excessive glare when exposed to light. Other symptoms that arise in accordance with the part of the eye that is infected, some of them are :
  • Appear bumps colored brownish red in the eyelid (lupus vulgaris)
  • Red eyes
  • Appear bumps pink at the edge of the pupil (the black part of the eye)
  • Leakage from the sclera (white part of the eye)
  • Loss of vision a sudden 
There are various ways of inspection that can be done to ensure You are exposed to Tuberculosis in eyes. Some tests are simple but a little complicated and require considerable cost. Tests can be performed, among others:

  • A complete blood count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Generally in patients with TB will be found an increase of the leukocytes and also erythrocyte sedimentation rate as a sign of the onset of infection.

  • Culture of the tissue of the eye. The culture is done by taking some small tissue or fluid of the eye and then bred. This method requires a long time (approximately 8 weeks).

  • Examination of the bacterial acid resistance. This examination requires a sample of fluid from the eye. The samples will be colored in such a way and then the result is read under a microscope to find the bacteria that causes Tuberculosis.

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Is one of examination of the current that can be carried out using the fluid of the eye to determine the presence or absence of DNA of TB in the liquid.

  • An x-ray of the lungs. This examination is performed to find the source of Tuberculosis eye.

  • Is an examination using a contrast agent to detect the presence of inflammation in the back of the eye (posterior uveitis).

  • Ultrasonography (USG) can be done to find the tubercles (foci of TB infection) and distinguish it with the mass of the result of malignancy.
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Tuberculosis eye symptoms, signs and treatment

Tuberculosis in eye treatment

The main drug that is used similar to a drug used to treat pulmonary TB, the difference lies in the duration of treatment. Treatment of tuberculosis eye takes approximately nine months.

During the first two months, the drugs used are isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. Seven months further treatment is carried out using isoniazid and rifampicin. Administration of oral corticosteroids can be done simultaneously with the administration of anti-tuberculosis drugs to reduce the damage that can occur in the tissues of the eye.

The detection of tuberculosis in eye isn't something that is easily done because this disease has no characteristic symptoms. A thorough examination by an eye specialist and dig up the history of the disease ever suffered by the patient is an effective way to find the disease in its early stages.

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