What is tuberculosis symptoms ? Is tuberculosis contagious ?


TB or tuberculosis is a chronic respiratory disease caused by a bacterial infection. The bacteria that causes tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is spread when people with TB to remove phlegm or liquid saliva from the mouth that contains these germs into the air for example when coughing, sneezing, talking, singing, spitting, or even laugh and then inhaled by others in the vicinity.

The germs that came out of the cough of tuberculosis patients can survive in the dank air that is not exposed to sunlight for hours on end, even weeks.

As a result, everyone within easy reach and have contact with TB patients directly potentially inhale it and eventually get sick.

Tuberculosis is very contagious, but not directly. Once inside the body, these bacteria can fall asleep old alias was in the phase of dormant they remain in the body, but do not actively proliferate and invade the body. In fact, most people have been exposed to the germs of tuberculosis during his lifetime, but only 10% of people infected with tuberculosis will really suffer from this disease.

What is tuberculosis symptoms ? is tuberculosis contagious ?

One of the deciding factors a person can catch tuberculosis or not is how strong the immune system of the body and the cleanliness of himself. The stronger Your body's resistance, the smaller the chances for contracting tuberculosis.

People who have weakened immune systems tend to be more easily infected. That's why children, the elderly, people with HIV or AIDS, cancer, diabetes, kidney, and other autoimmune diseases are at higher risk to become infected with tuberculosis because their immune system is not able to fight the growth of tuberculosis bacteria.

Symptoms of tuberculosis

According to WHO, every second there are at least one person who is infected with tuberculosis in the world. Unfortunately, many still do not realize or even don't know about this disease, including its symptoms.

Know the symptoms of tuberculosis as early as possible can help your doctor determine care and treatment best. Here are the various symptoms of tuberculosis that You need to know.

What are the pulmonary tuberculosis symptoms ? 

Complaints felt by the patient of tuberculosis of the assortment, although there are also people with TB who do not complain of anything. Complaints that typically arise are:



  • Cough with phlegm or dry more than 3 weeks.
  •  Cough blood.
  • Chest pain and shortness of breath.
  • Decreased appetite and weight decreased.
  • High fever that comes and goes. These conditions make the patient feel as if never cured of the fever. Suspect symptoms of Tuberculosis if fever is more than 3 weeks and no obvious cause.
  • Night sweats although not swelter.
  • Fatigue extreme muscle pain.
TB disease usually develops slowly and may require a few weeks to realize that You have contracted the infection. The bacteria that cause TB usually will start to actively attack and cause symptoms if Your immune system is weakened. In some cases, symptoms may not yet appear until months or even years after the initial infection.

The diagnosis of the disease Tuberculosis of the lungs, usually formalized by looking at the symptoms, results of radiological examination, and sputum SPS.

The symptoms of Tuberculosis in addition to in the lungs

The symptoms of Tuberculosis can vary depending on which part of the body affected.

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What is tuberculosis symptoms ? is tuberculosis contagious ?

Tuberculosis infection usually develops in the lungs. However, several other organs can also be affected, although rarely. Other parts of the body that may be infected, among others, lymph nodes, bones and joints, digestive system, bladder and reproductive system, and nervous system.

Common symptoms of Tuberculosis non-pulmonary can include:
  • Lymph nodes continue to swell.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Pain and difficult to move in the bones or joints affected.
  • Confusion.
  •  Persistent headaches.
  • Seizures.
Same as pulmonary TB, the bacteria that cause TB can fall asleep in a long time and will be attacked to cause the symptoms of when Your body resistance is weakened.

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