5 Kinds of lung diseases that you should be Known


Lung is one of the respiratory organs which is very important. Better because of its function or as one of the organs that are susceptible to various diseases. In the Excretory System, functioning lungs to excrete carbon dioxide (CO2) and (H2O).

In the lungs exchange process occurs between oxygen gas and carbon dioxide. After freeing the oxygen, the red blood cells capture the carbon dioxide as a result of metabolism of the body will be brought to the lungs. In the lungs carbon dioxide and water vapor are released and expelled from the lungs through the nose.

See the importance of lung function, let's know the various kinds of lung disease, complete with symptoms and how treatment.

1. Pneumonia (Inflammation of lungs)
Pneumonia (Inflammation of lungs) is one type of disease that is contagious, the cause of this disease is due to an infection caused by exposure to viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Generally the bacteria that most often cause the disease pneumonia is a type of Streptococus and Mycoplasma penumoniae can cause infection of the lung tissue or parenkrim. The main symptom is a cough with bloody sputum, shortness of breath, chest pain, and high fever with decreased consciousness.

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5 Kinds of Lung Diseases that Should be Known


2. Diseases Legionnaries
Diseases Legionnaries is a disease of the lungs caused by bacteria legionella pneumophilia. The form of infection similar to pneumonia. Legionella bacteria that causes this disease is a rod-shaped bacterium found in most water sources. They multiply very quickly. They are in the system plumbing or anywhere that water can stagnate.

The symptoms are similar to pneumonia or inflammation of the lungs another, but also patients suffering from diarrhea, abdominal pain, or jaundice. This disease occurs often in people middle aged or older and can be serious or even cause death in people in who have a weak immune system.
3. Tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by the infection that attacks the tissues of the lung. The cause of a person suffering from TB is the bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis. Most people have the microbes of TUBERCULOSIS in his body, but these microbes only cause disease in some people, usually if immunity or the immunity of the body decreases. Symptoms include fever and a persistent cough, decreased appetite, and the body weakened.

4. Pneumothorax
Pneumothorax is a diseases found in the lining of the lung called the pleura. Pneumothorax occurs if one or both of the membrane of the pleura is pierced and the air enters into the pleural cavity causing the lungs to deflate. If more air enters into the cavity but cannot exit, the pressure around the lungs the higher the which can be life-threatening.

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Spontaneous pneumothorax can occur due to rupture of the alveolus is enlarged abnormally on the surface of the lungs or due to the condition of the lungs, such as asthma. Other causes are fractured ribs and chest injuries. The occurrence of penumotoraks triggered chest tightness, pain, and shortness of breath.



5. Shortness of Breath (Asthma)
Shortness of Breath (Asthma) is the narrowing of the airways in the lungs. In most children, the trigger the attack is an allergic reaction to foreign bodies, or allergens, which can be in the form of small particles inhaled, such as pollen, fungus from the feces of house dust mites, and particles from the hair or fur of the animal.

Other cases are caused by allergies of food or drink, certain medications, stress, respiratory infections, and strenuous activity in cold weather. Asthma attacks in everyone is different condition. Some people experience mild attacks which are rare, there are likely to suffer from severe shortness of breath that is life-threatening and some of the other sufferers get the attacks varied and unpredictable every day.

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