Beware of respiratory upper infection system : Here are symptoms, causes, treatment

Respiratory upper infection or respiratory tract infections is an infection that attacks the human respiratory system. The respiratory infection system is caused by bacteria or virus. There are two types of respiratory diseases based on its location, namely upper respiratory tract infections and lower respiratory tract infections.

There has been no drug that effectively Treatment For The Respiratory Diseases that attack humans. That during this treatment is usually only to relieve the symptoms that appear due to virus infections.Enough rest and consume a lot of mineral water can help relieve the symptoms of it.

Upper respiratory tract infection or upper respiratory tract infections (URI/URTI) occurred in the nasal cavity, sinuses, and throat. Some of the diseases that are included in the upper respiratory tract infection is the common cold, sinusitis, tonsillitis, and laryngitis.

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Respiratory upper infection system : Symptoms, causes and treatment

While Infections of the lower respiratory tract or lower respiratory tract infections (LRI/LRTI) occur in the airway and lungs. Some types of disease are included in these infections are bronchitis, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia.

Respiratory tract infections can be experienced by all ages. However, this condition is more vulnerable suffered by children because the body's defense system against the virus that causes the infection has not yet been formed.

The Causes Of Respiratory Tract Infections

Some kind of virus or bacteria that can cause infections of the upper respiratory tract infections
  • Influenza and Parainfluenza
  • Thinoviruses
  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
  • group A Streptococcus
  • Pertussis
  • Diphteria.
While some kind of virus or bacteria that can cause infections of the lower respiratory tract infections :
  • Influenza A, Human metapneumovirus (hMPV)
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  • Varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
  • H. influenzae
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Enterobacteria
  • anaerobic bacteria.
A healthy person can be infected with infections of the respiratory tract after inhalation of a splash of saliva containing the virus or bacteria that is issued by the patient when coughing or sneezing. Aside from direct contact, transmission can also occur indirectly by mediated by the objects that are already exposed to the virus or bacteria from patients with respiratory tract infections.

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Symptoms Of Respiratory Tract Infection

The symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection can be fever, cough, nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, muscle pain, sore throat, headache, and fever. These symptoms usually last for 3 to 14 days.

While the symptoms of infection of the lower respiratory tract can be in the form of cough with phlegm, shortness of breath, wheezing, and fever. In children and infants, other symptoms may arise, it is difficult to eat, cranky, and sleep disorders.

Treatment For The Respiratory Diseases

Several types of drugs are often given by the doctor to relieve the symptoms of ARI include:
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs non-steroidal (NSAIDS) and acetaminophen, to reduce the effects of fever and pain in the body.
  •  Medications antihistamines, decongestants, and ipratropium, to cope with a nose that runny and clogged.
  • Cough antitussive to reduce the cough. Honey can also be used to overcome this problem.
  • Steroid drugs, such as dexamethasone and prednisone, may be prescribed in certain conditions to reduce the inflammation and swelling that occurs in the upper respiratory tract.
If the infection is caused by bacteria, a series of tests will be conducted to determine the type of bacteria. After that, the doctors can determine which antibiotics are most appropriate to eradicate the infection-causing bacteria. In order not to cause harmful side effects, antibiotics should be in accordance with a doctor's prescription.

If left without treatment, complications that occur due to respiratory infection is very serious and can be fatal. Complications that often occur simultaneously with respiratory is respiratory failure and congestive heart failure.

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