Hernia types, signs, symptoms, causes and treatment that you should be known

Hernia is a condition that occurs when part or whole of the organ or tissue (e.g. bowel) protrude into areas that are unusual. Part of the organ appeared through the openings or areas of weak spot in the muscle wall, so it appears a bulge or lump.

Strangulated Hernia is a hernia types that are most dangerous, because the tissue that is trapped can lose blood supply and eventually die.

If the hernia appears only because of the pressure or strain, then the condition is known with the hernia can be reduced (reducible hernia) and is not dangerous. While the networks are stuck in the openings or space and can not return again named a hernia that is stuck (incarcerated hernia) and is a serious problem.

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Hernia types, signs, symptoms, causes and treatment of hernia

Signs and symptoms of Hernia

The signs and symptoms that appear depend on the types of hernia.
  • Inguinal hernia and  navel hernia symptoms is the emergence of swelling without pain, which may be lost by itself. Symptoms of hernia are most obvious if someone is crying, straining, coughing, or standing.
  • Inguinal Hernia in men can make the scrotum (sac testicles) becomes large. In girls, the labia (the tissue around the vagina) can swell.
  • Internal hernias may have no symptoms or may cause vomiting and heartburn.
  • The Hernia is restrained causing the lump of flesh that is tender yet dense, pain, vomiting, constipation, and impaired sense of.
  • Strangulated Hernia cause fever and the presence of areas of swelling, redness, inflamed, and very painful.

Causes Of Hernia

A Hernia is caused by a combination between the condition of the muscles that are interested and weakened. There are some things that cause the muscles of the body weaken, namely:
  • Age.
  • Chronic cough.
  • Congenital, especially in the navel and the diaphragm.
  • Injury or complications from surgery in the abdomen.
In addition, there are a number of factors that allegedly can increase the risk of someone having a hernia, especially when the muscles of the body begin to weaken. Among them are:
  • Too often lifting heavy loads.
  • Constipation that causes the sufferer to straining during bowel movements.
  •  Pregnancy which causes increased pressure in the abdominal wall.
  • The buildup of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
  • Weight increased suddenly.
  • Sneezing that lasts a long time.
Diseases such as cystic fibrosis, indirectly also can increase the risk of hernia. This condition causes the disruption of the function of the lungs that trigger chronic cough.

Treatment Of Hernia

Before determining the treatment measures, there are a number of factors that can affect the decision of the doctor in determining the operation procedure, namely:
  • The health condition of the patient as a whole.
  • Symptoms and their impact on the life of the patient. The doctor will recommend surgery if your symptoms are getting worse or has been disrupting the activity of the patient's day-to-day.
  • The type and location of the hernia.
  • The contents of the hernia. For example a muscle or a portion of the intestine that causes obstruction of the intestine or disruption of blood circulation to the organs
Based on these considerations, there are several treatment methods which the doctor can do, namely:
  • Drug therapy. For patients of hiatal hernia, the doctor will prescribe drugs to lower stomach acid to relieve symptoms and discomfort. Some types of medications that may be given, namely antacids, receptor antagonists, H-2, and proton pump inhibitors (PPI).
  • Operation. Surgery is a major step that made the doctor in dealing with hernia. There are two methods of operations that can be performed,.
 Despite this, there is a type of hernia that does not need surgery, that is a hernia of the umbilicus that usually can heal itself and a hiatal hernia which sometimes can be treated with drugs.

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