What's pulmonary diseases ? Here are causes, signs and symptoms that should be wary

In addition to common causes of the pulmonary diseases that we know such as Pleurisy, Asthma , pulmonary Embolism, Pneumothorax, pneumonia, Hyperventilation, lung Cancer, Costochondritis and Tuberculosis, there are 2 types of other pulmonary diseases that you should be aware, that is Pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension .

What is the difference pulmonary hypertension and Pulmonary embolism ? Pulmonary embolism is a blockage that occurs in one of the arteries of Your lungs.

In many cases, pulmonary embolism caused by a lot of congealed blood flowing to the lungs from the legs, or more rarely from other parts of the body (deep vein thrombosis).

While Pulmonary hypertension is one type of high blood pressure that is specific for blood vessels the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart.

Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the small arteries in the lungs are called the arterioles of the pulmonary vessels and the capillaries are narrowed, clogged, or damaged.
What's pulmonary diseases ? Here are causes signs and symptoms that should be wary

Signs and symptoms most typical of pulmonary embolism:
  • Short breath
  • Pain in the chest, this condition can take place in a matter of minutes to hours
  • Bloody cough
  • Rapid heart rate
Other symptoms include:
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness or headaches
  • Low blood pressure
  • Fainting
  • Sweating
  • Sound when breathing
  • Sweating hands
  • The skin is bluish
There still may be other symptoms not listed above. If You have concerns about specific symptoms, consult your doctor.

The causes of pulmonary embolism

In many cases, a pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot occurs in the arteries of Your lungs. A blood clot is most often derived from the blood vessels of the inner leg, known as deep vein thrombosis. Sometimes, a blockage in the blood vessels can also be caused by other substances in addition to blood clotting, such as:
  • Fat from sumsung broken bones
  • Air bubbles
  • Part of the tumor cells
  • Collagen or other tissue
Signs and symptoms of hypertension pulmonary

Shortness of breath or dizziness during the day is the initial symptoms. The heart to beat fast (palpitations). Over time, the symptoms appear when doing light activity or even when you are resting. Other symptoms namely:
  • The leg and wrist swelling
  • Bluish color of the lips or skin (cyanosis)
  • Chest pain like to be pressed, usually in the front of the
  • Dizziness and even fainting
  • Fatigue
  • The increase in the size of the stomach
  • Limp bodies

Likely there are symptoms and other signs not mentioned above. If You have any concerns regarding the symptoms of this disease, please consult with Your doctor.

Reacd more : 11 Symptoms diseases of the heart should be aware, immediate consultation to the doctor!

The causes of pulmonary hypertension

The right side of the heart to pump blood through the lungs, where blood picks up oxygen. The blood returns to the left side of the heart, and is pumped to the entire body. When the small arteries (blood vessels) of the lungs become narrow, they can not bring a lot of blood. When this happens, the blood accumulates and presses the walls of blood vessels. 

This is called pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension idiopathic heritable hereditary and is rare compared with secondary pulmonary hypertension. The genes of people with pulmonary hypertension idiopathic make the blood vessels constrict so the blood becomes more difficult to flow. 

Secondary pulmonary hypertension is caused by arteries and capillaries in the lungs narrowing, which causes the heart to work harder to pump blood through the lungs.Pulmonary hypertension can be caused by:
  • Autoimmune diseases that damage the lungs, such as scleroderma and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Heart defects since birth
  • Blood clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism)
  • Heart failure
  • Disorders of the heart valves
  •  HIV infection
  • The Level of low oxygen in the blood and has been prolonged (chronic)
  • Lung diseases, such as COPD or pulmonary fibrosis
  • Drugs (eg, drug a specific diet)
  • Sleep apnea obstructive

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