Showing posts with label remedies. Show all posts
Showing posts with label remedies. Show all posts

Drug Allergy Treatments and Allergic Reactions

Drug allergy treatments, One of the drugs that are not foreign in the ears of the public is an antibiotic. Antibiotics are drugs that are used to kill bacteria that cause infection. Usually people who are required to take the medicine antibiotics are those who are suffering from throat infections, ear infections, urinary tract infections, or sinus infections.

Taking antibiotics useful for infection diidapnya can be cured. Antibiotic drug consists of a wide variety of types with usability and a different way of working. Therefore before taking any antibiotic medication, you must make sure that if you do not have a history of drug allergy to antibiotics.
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Drug Allergy Treatments

Signs Of Drug Allergy Antibiotics
A person can suffer from allergic antibiotic drugs after he was taking drugs certain antibiotics by eliciting a variety of symptoms that vary. Usually the symptoms due to drug allergy antibiotics are divided into two namely the symptoms of mild and serious symptoms. For mild symptoms that can be felt is the skin becomes red, itchy, dry, and swollen.

While allergic reactions of antibiotic drugs is more serious, can cause one's skin to become blistered, flaking, impaired vision, and swelling are more severe on certain parts of the body, such as eyelids, lips, accompanied by itching.

In addition, the serious consequences of drug allergy antibiotics which cause anaphylactic reactions in people with which is characterized by shortness of breath, tingling, increased heartbeat, to fall unconscious.

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Overcoming Allergy Medication Antibiotics

One of the usual ways done by doctors to find out allergy antibiotic which either person is to see the medicines what you are consumption and examine the history of complaints that occurred. When you have known the cause of the allergy medications that you natural, step you can take is to stop the administration of antibiotics such and replace it with the type of other antibiotics that do not trigger the onset of allergic reactions. The following 3 drugs are usually given by doctors to deal with allergic reactions :

1. Antihistamines
The drug is administered aims to reduce or stop itching, rash, and sneezing caused by allergies antibiotic drugs. One of the side effects of administration of antihistamine drugs, namely the emergence of sleepiness and difficult concentration.

Therefore when you're driving do not consume this drug. In addition side effects the consumption of other antihistamines namely nausea and vomiting, mouth becomes dry, restless, difficult urination, and blurred vision.

Drug Allergy Treatments

2. Epinephrine
To remedy this one are usually useful to cope with allergies to antibiotics that causes a person to experience an anaphylactic reaction. Epinephrine is given to help people with drug allergies breathing and increase blood pressure. Injection of Epinephrine is usually given in the muscles, such as on the outer side of the thigh.

Please note when you want to give Epinephrine to people who have a history of heart disease, high blood pressure, asthma, Parkinson's disease, depression, thyroid gland or adrenal, and uncontrolled diabetes.

Read more : Seasonal Allergies Treatments and Symptoms

3. Corticosteroids
While for administration of corticosteroids are useful to treat inflammation due to allergic reactions more serious. Side effects that can be generated such as increased appetite, mood changes, and difficulty sleeping.

However, if you consume this drug with a low dose and a short period of time according to the dosage recommended by your doctor, the third such side effects will not occur.

If you are taking antibiotics and in use to appear signs of drug allergy antibiotics as mentioned above, please ask your doctor to immediately be given handling. When necessary, if you're given antibiotics by the doctor, you should inform a history of allergies you have ever had at the doctor to avoid allergic reactions reappear.


Diagnosis Treatments For Skin Cancer

Treatments for skin cancer , Skin cancer is the abnormalities in the skin cells caused by mutations in the DNA of cells, which make cell growth is quick, the age of the cell is long and the cell loses its essence. Skin cancer generally occurs on the skin that is often exposed to sunlight, however, this condition can also occur on the skin that is not exposed to direct sunlight.
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Based on the type of cells that are attacked, skin cancer is divided into three types, namely:
  1. Melanoma. This is a skin cancer that occurs on parts of the melanocytes or the pigment-producing cells of the skin. Skin cancer melanoma is a skin cancer that is rare, but dangerous.

  2. Skin cancer non-melanoma. This is a skin cancer that occurs in the tissues of the skin other than melanocytes. Skin cancer non-melanoma are distinguished into two types as follows:
  • Basal Cell carcinoma (Basal Cell Carcinoma, BCC), which is skin cancer that occurs in the lower part of the epidermis. Basal cell cancer is a type of cancer non-melanoma most commonly occurs in humans.

  • Squamous Cell carcinoma (Squamous Cell Carcinoma, SCC), which is skin cancer that occurs in the upper part of the epidermis. Squamous cell cancer is quite common, but the frequency is not as much as basal cell cancer.

Treatments For Skin Cancer

Symptoms Of Skin Cancer
Skin cancer generally occurs in areas often exposed to sunlight such as the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms, and limbs. However, in some cases, skin cancer can also occur in areas that are rarely exposed to the sun such as on the palms of the hands and feet, the lower part of the fingers, even in the genital area. Skin cancer can happen to anyone, including the people who have dark skin color.

Symptoms of skin cancer are different for each type. The general idea is as follows :

1. Basal Cell carcinoma (BCC). BCC generally occurs in areas often exposed to sunlight such as the neck or face. Symptoms of basal cell cancer include:
  • Lumps soft and shiny on the skin.
  • Lesions of the flat-shaped skin-colored dark brown or reddish brown like meat.
2. Squamous Cell carcinoma (SCC). SCC also generally occurs in areas of skin exposed to the sun. However in dark-skinned people, squamous cell cancer often occurs on the skin parts of the body rarely exposed to sunlight. Symptoms of SCC in general are as follows.
  •  Bump red hard on the skin.
  • Lesions on the skin that is flat and scaly hard as the crust.
3. Melanoma. Melanoma can grow on the skin anywhere, either in normal skin or in moles that already exist are turned into malignant. In males, the cancer melanoma usually appear on the face and body. While in women, melanoma appears more frequently in the lower limbs. Well on men and women, melanoma can appear on parts of skin not exposed to sunlight.

Melanoma can affect anyone regardless of the color of his skin. In dark-skinned people, melanoma commonly occurs on the palms of the hands or feet and the lower part of the fingers or toes. The symptoms of melanoma that commonly occur are as follows:
  • Lumps colored brown with black spots on the lump.
  • Moles that undergo changes in color and size or eject blood.
  • The appearance of small lesions on the skin with the edge of the irregular, or the lesions are red, white, blue, and blackish blue.
  • The appearance of lesions dark-colored on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, the tips of the fingers or toes.
  • The appearance of lesions dark-colored on the mucous membranes inside the mouth, nose, vagina, or anus.
Here is the list of ABCDE of the characteristics of melanoma in order to distinguish it with ordinary moles.
  • Asymmetrical. Shape melanomas are generally asymmetrical when compared with the ordinary moles.
  • Border (periphery). The outskirts of melanoma generally squiggly, not round like normal moles.
  • Color (color). The color of melanoma is a combination of two colors or more.
  • The Diameter of a melanoma is generally more than 6 mm.
  • Enlargement (magnification). Melanoma will be enlarged from time to time.
Not all abnormalities or protrusions on the skin caused by cancer, but often also cancer of the skin appears in the form of mild defects on the skin, therefore the diagnosis of a doctor is very important in determining the cause and type of abnormalities in the.

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Treatments For Skin Cancer

The Cause Of Skin Cancer
Generally skin cancer caused by exposure to ultraviolet light causing DNA damage in the skin tissue. The main source of ultraviolet rays is sunlight consists of three types, namely :
  • Ultraviolet A (UVA)
  • Ultraviolet B (UVB)
  • Ultraviolet C (UVC)
Of the three types of ultraviolet rays, the most harmful to the skin is a beam of UVC. But the rays of the UVC can be absorbed by the atmosphere before reaching the ground. UVA and UVB can damage skin cells, especially the pale, and could potentially lead to skin cancer.

Sources of artificial UV rays such as UV light and tanning beds can also cause skin cancer.

Some of the factors that can increase a person's risk of getting skin cancer is :
  • Have white skin. Every person, regardless of the color of his skin, can suffer from skin cancer. However, white has protection against UV rays which is weak compared to darker skin. Darker skin have the amount of melanin is much that has protection against UV rays more powerful. In addition, easy to form spots on the skin indicates the skin is more susceptible to skin cancer.

  • Frequent exposure to the sun. People who are often exposed to sunlight are more at risk of developing skin cancer compared to those who rarely exposed to sunlight.

  • Moles. People who have many moles or have moles that are abnormal (larger than usual) is at risk of developing skin cancer compared with people who have little moles.

  • Age. People with age are more susceptible to skin cancer compared to children or teens.

  • Skin who never sunburn (sunburn). Skin blackened and blistered by the rays of the sun make the skin more at risk of developing skin cancer, especially if pelepuhan the skin occurs at the time children or adolescents.

  • Actinic keratosis. In people with bright skin tone, exposure to sunlight easy to cause the formation of patches in the form of thickening of the skin that are scaly on the face, hands, and head. This condition is pre-cancerous, and very potentially turn into skin cancer.

  • History of cancer of the skin. If someone never experienced cancer of the skin and cured, there is a possibility that the same conditions will re-appear.

  • A history of skin cancer in family members. A person at high risk of developing skin cancer if you have siblings or parents who had suffered from cancer of the skin.

  • The weakening of the immune system. People with a weak immune system have a high risk of skin cancer. As are people with HIV/AIDS, people who take immunosuppressant drugs, and recipients of organ transplants.

  • Radiation therapy. People with eczema or acne are given radiation therapy have a high risk of skin cancer, especially basal cell cancer.

  • Exposure to certain chemicals. Some chemicals are carcinogenic, such as arsenic, can increase the risk of developing skin cancer.
Drugs For Melanoma

1. Chemotherapy
Handling melanoma that has spread to other parts of the body is with the use of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is generally done to reduce the pain of the symptoms caused by melanoma in advanced stages. Chemotherapy using the usage of anti-cancer drugs or sitotoksin to kill the cancer.

Several types of drugs can be used to treat melanoma. Specialist doctor will discuss medications with You. There are different types of chemotherapy drugs, and sometimes can be combined. The most commonly used to treat melanoma are dacarbazine and temozolomide.

Patients who undergo chemotherapy do not need to stay in hospital. Chemotherapy is given once in three or four weeks. The amount of time given to aim so Your body has time to recover. Dacarbazine is given through a drip and temozolomide is given in the form of tablets.

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Chemotherapy has some side effects that are caused by the influence of the drug against the resistance of the body. Most side effects can be prevented or controlled with medicines prescribed by Your doctor. The side effects of chemotherapy in which infections, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and thrush.

2. Immunotherapy
The application of immunotherapy drugs already derived from the elements that exist in the blood naturally. This treatment aims to encourage the immune system to fight melanoma. Two drugs are commonly used for melanoma is interferon-alfa and interleukin-2. The second drug is administered through injections into the veins, under the skin, or into a blob of melanoma. Side effects that often occur from the use of immunotherapy resemble the symptoms of flu, e.g. fever, joint pain, and fatigue.

3. Monoclonal antibodies
The human body produces antibodies that function to control infections. In addition to the in the body, there are also antibodies that can be produced in a laboratory, which was given the name of the monoclonal antibody.

The patient will be given artificial antibody in a dose specific. Then these antibodies will recognize tumor cells and destroy it.

Mastitis Treatments : Prevention Of Breast Infection

Mastitis treatments - Breast infection or mastitis is an infection of the breast tissue that most commonly strikes women breastfeeding in first 12 weeks after childbirth. In a minority of cases, masitis can also be experienced by women who do not breastfeed.

When experiencing mastitis, the breasts will be swollen, reddish colored, and palpable warm. This swelling causes pain especially when exposed to the touch. Usually, mastitis is only attacking one side of the breast, although not close the possibility of a second breast exposed.

Mastitis causes the mother or the sufferer is having trouble parenting his son so that the feeding activities sometimes become stunted or stalled. Despite this, breastfeeding should still be done because it is good for patients and baby.
Mastitis Treatments Breast Infection

Breastfeeding also can still be performed even if patients are taking antibiotics for treatment of mastitis. ( Read more : womens multi vitamins )

Causes Of Breast Infection

In most cases, a breast infection that occurs in lactating women is caused by the presence of residual water of the mother's milk (breast MILK) in the breast. The buildup of the rest of the MILK will clog the milk ducts so your breasts will swell.

Experts suspect that the pile of breast MILK over time will produce a pressure strong enough in the breast, so breast MILK will seep into the tissues around the breast. The protein content in the breast MILK this will be misinterpreted by the body as foreign, and the immune system will work to fight it, so it came to pass a reaction of inflammation.

The blockage in the breast MILK ducts can be triggered by the breastfeeding technique is less precise, disorders on the baby so it can't suck milk properly, dispensing MILK irregularly, using only one breast for breastfeeding, or the presence of trauma that damage the tissues of the expenditure of water of milk.

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Other causes are bacteria from the surface of the skin or the baby's mouth. Bacteria can enter the milk ducts through a crack in the nipple or the opening of the milk ducts. Bacteria can also develop from milk are not issued until exhausted, but the content of the antibacterial owned water mother's milk makes the baby protected from infections.

In general, mastitis will not affect the condition of the baby. However, babies are in special care units are not allowed to directly drink the MILK that comes from the breast that is infected because it has a salt content that tend to be high.

In women who do not breastfeed, mastitis is usually caused by the nipples have cracks, pierced, or wound, and called mastitis periduktal. The condition of the nipple this can cause the bacteria easily enter into the breast MILK and cause infection.

There are several other risk factors that can increase the likelihood of contracting breast infections or mastitis, in which :
  • The nutrients that bad.
  • Never experienced mastitis before that occurred in the period of breastfeeding.
  • Too tired or stress
  • Wearing a bra that is too tight or put excessive pressure on the chest, for example with the use of safety belt or carry heavy bags.
  • Using only one position when breastfeeding so that the MILK does not come out all of the breast.
  • The period of breastfeeding are rare or missing.
  •  Damage to the breast MILK ducts or glands in the breast.
Symptoms Of Breast Infections
Breast infections or mastitis characterized by the presence of swelling a palpable warm and reddish on the breast, and usually cause pain and a burning sensation especially when breastfeeding. Usually, these symptoms are only experienced on one side of the breast.

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Mastitis Treatments Breast Infection

In addition, mastitis often make the sufferer feel out of energy, or fatigue, and symptoms such as high fever and chills. In other cases, symptoms can be similar to flu symptoms for a few hours before the sufferer is aware there are areas in the breast which is rather swell. Please see your doctor to confirm the diagnosis and get treatment.

Diagnosis Of Infection Of The Breast
Diagnosis of infection of the breast is usually given by a gynecologist, but can be also obtained by performing checks on the general practitioner only. Patients may be referred to a lactation consultant if it turns out that mastitis is caused by interruption of breastfeeding.

The doctor will perform a physical examination based on symptoms presented patients to confirm the diagnosis of mastitis, for example a high fever followed by pain in the breast or swelling. Examination mammography and a biopsy may be done to get rid of suspected breast cancer who have the symptoms are almost the same, i.e., swollen reddish colored.

The doctor will also check if there is an abscess (pus) in the breast area, which is experiencing swelling if it turns out that the condition has lasted long enough. An abscess may develop if a breast infection is not treated promptly or infection suffered severe enough. Examination of breast MILK may be done to determine the antibiotic suitable for the patient.

Treatment Of Breast Infections

The drug antibiotics will usually be given to treat this condition and patients will feel better after two days. However, the antibiotic should should stay drunk until the treatment period is over so this condition does not reoccur. Pain medication can also be given, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen.

If not treated immediately, the swelling may develop into pus until thickened and required surgery to remove it from the breast. Your doctor may perform additional tests if the patient's condition did not improve even though has attained the above treatment.

If mastitis is caused by a blockage of the flow of milk that comes from the breastfeeding technique is less good, then the doctor can recommend a lactation consultant to help sufferers with this condition. Remember always to breastfeed until the supply of milk in the breast out and the baby to suckle properly.

Also make sure You get adequate rest periods, increase fluid intake to help the body fight infection, and keep nursing Your child as often as possible and as long as the baby is hungry. The more often You breastfeed, then the risk of channel congestion will also be reduced. Below this is another step that can be done :
  • Rest in bed with the baby will allow the creation of a breastfeeding more often.
  • Try different types of nursing positions, don't just do one position only.
  • Use a bra that not only sustains the breast but also comfortable to wear. Avoid a bra that uses wire as a crutch or a bra that is too small.
  • Avoid charging milk prolonged (before feeding back), because it could trigger swelling.
  • Put a warm, damp compress on the breast, or bathe with warm water before breastfeeding or pumping breast MILK in order not to experience difficulty emptying the breast MILK from the breast.
  • If it is too difficult to breastfeed, or if Your baby does not want to breastfeed from the breast that is infected, then You could try pumping or squeezing of the breast to the rest of the MILK can come out.
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Prevention Of Breast Infection
Breast infections can be prevented by applying the way of a good breastfeeding since the beginning, including by consulting with a lactation specialist if necessary. A lactation specialist can provide useful advice about the techniques of lactation that is good and right. Some of the picketing of another that can be done to reduce the risk of mastitis, are:
  • Always change the position (change of the breast) every feeding.
  • Emptying the breast fully when the are breastfeeding. If the baby has stopped feeding and the breast is not completely empty, use a pump breast MILK until the breast back empty.
  • Let Your baby empty the breast MILK one breast before switching to the breast next to it.
  • Make sure the position of the baby has been fitting, comfortable, and true when you're breastfeeding.

Cellulitis Treatments, Prevention and Complications

Cellulitis treatments - Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin tissue can cause skin appears reddish, swollen, feels mushy, and hurts when pressed. This condition often attacks the skin of the lower limbs, but do not close the possibility can attack other parts of the body also. Anyone can experience cellulitis, including children and the elderly.

Cellulitis is a condition that can be life-threatening if not dealt with immediately given the infection can spread through the lymph nodes and blood vessels to invade the tissues under the skin. However, cellulitis is not a contagious skin disease due to this infection attacks the tissues of skin (subcutaneous tissue or dermis) and the top skin (epidermis) that is not in direct contact with the outside world.

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Cellulitis Treatments

The Cause Of Cellulitis
Most cases of cellulitis are caused by Streptococcus bacteria and Staphylococcus which enters from the wound on the skin, such as surgery wounds, cuts, and insect bites, or on the state of the skin irritation and skin swelling. Cellulitis can also develop in the various diseases of the skin, such as tinea pedis, eczema, or psoriasis, as well as due to radiotherapy.

In addition to the two main bacteria, there are also some other bacteria that can cause cellulitis and live in the environment, such as :
  • Hemophilus influenzae. These bacteria generally attack a 6 year old boy in the face, arms, and upper body.
  • Pasteurella multocida. This bacteria can be transmitted through a bite or scratch of a dog or cat, with an incubation time of 24 hours.
  • Aeromonas hydrophillia and Vibrio vulnificus. Both of these bacteria can be found in fresh water and sea water.
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These bacteria arise in puncture wounds.

 Read more : Mastitis Treatments : Prevention Of Breast Infection

To date, not yet known for sure the main trigger of a person can be exposed to cellulitis. However, there are some risk factors that need to be considered, such as :
  • Obesity.
  • Poor blood flow in the arms, hands, legs or feet.
  • The immune system is low, for example due to suffering from HIV/AIDS, taking medications immunosuppressant (suppressor of the immune system), or are undergoing chemotherapy.
  • Diabetes.
  • Never experienced cellulitis before.
  • Using the medicine syringe.
  • Experience lymphedema.
The Symptoms Of Cellulitis

Some of the symptoms of cellulitis commonly experienced by sufferers include :
  • Skin redness that could potentially spread.
  • Swelling.
  • Pain.
  • Fever.
  • Red spots appear.
  • The skin blistered.
  • Skin purulent or watery (appears yellow liquid or clear)
The Diagnosis Of Cellulitis

Cellulitis is not easy to diagnose because it has symptoms similar to the symptoms of inflammation of the skin in general. To be sure, the doctor will perform a physical examination and also asking the patient's medical history as well as factors that trigger symptoms appear.

Cellulitis Treatments

To corroborate the results of the diagnosis, some of the following tests will also be performed :
  • A blood test. To see if there's an infection, namely from the number of white blood cells.
  • The test culture. In this test, a sample of fluid from the wound will be taken and checked whether there are bacteria.
  •  An X-Ray. To see the presence of foci of infection under the skin, including the bones.
Read more : Diagnosis Treatments For Skin Cancer
Treatment Of Cellulitis

In general, the treatment of cellulitis will be adjusted with the type and severity of the infection, as well as the patient's condition overall. Oral antibiotics are usually be the first treatment option for patients with cellulitis, with long-time use for 7-14 days.

If the patient's condition does not improve after 10 days or symptoms actually worsened, the doctor will advise the patient to undergo treatment in a hospital so that antibiotics and other drugs can be administered through injections. It is also commonly recommended for patients who have immune system weak, fever, and hypertension.

In rare cases, the doctor will recommend surgery if found pus or abscess. This is done to drain the pus or abscess of the tissues and cut the dead tissue to facilitate the healing process.

In the recovery period, some treatment can be done at home according to doctor's instructions, among other things :
  • Taking the drug pedera pain, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
  • Elevate the body part that is infected with the use of a soft base as a crutch.
  • Move the limbs that get infected regularly so as not to be
  • Avoid the use of compression stockings for a while if You are a sufferer of lymphedema, until the cellulitis healed.
  • Consuming enough water.
Complications Of Cellulitis

Cellulitis that is not treated can spread to other parts of the body and can strike the bottom of the skin, such as lymph nodes, blood vessels, as well as the deepest layers. This can lead to complications such as :
  • A blood infection.
  • Sepsis.
  • Infection of the bone.
  • Lymphadenitis.
  • Gangrene.
  • The spread of the infection into the deepest layers or fascial lining (necrotizing fasciitis). This is a medical emergency.
Read more : Drug Allergy Treatments and Allergic Reactions
Prevention Of Cellulitis

Cellulitis can be prevented by doing the following things:
  • Always keep the cleanliness of the skin and the wound using soap and water.
  • Close the wound with a plaster to avoid infection.
  • Always make sure that Your wound has no signs of infection.
  • Using the footwear while in the outside the house.
  • Use a moisturizer daily to avoid dry skin or chapped.
  • Cut the nails of feet and hands with be careful to avoid the wound.
  • Keep your weight to avoid obesity.

Oral Thrush Treatments and Symptoms

Oral thrush treatments - Oral thrush is a condition in which the fungus Candida albicans accumulates on the lining of the mouth, which can also called candidiasis. Oral thrush causes lesions is creamy white, usually on the tongue or inner cheek.

The lesions can be painful and may bleed slightly when the lesions are dredged. Sometimes oral thrush may spread to the ceiling of the mouth, gums, tonsils (tonsils) or the back of the throat.

Although oral thrush can affect anyone, but is more likely to occur in infants and in people who wear dentures, use inhaled corticosteroids or a person with low body immunity. Oral thrush is a trivial matter if the body is healthy, but if the body has a weakened immune system, symptoms of oral thrush may be more severe and difficult to control.
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Oral Thrush Treatments

The cause of oral thrush

Oral thrush and Candida infections can occur when the immune system becomes weakened by diseases or drugs such as prednisone, or when antibiotics disturb the natural balance of microorganisms in the body.

Usually the immune system works to repel the invasion of harmful organisms, such as viruses, bacteria and fungi, while maintaining a balance between the microbes "good" and "bad" that normally inhabit the body.

Read more : Cellulitis Treatments, Prevention and Complications

But sometimes these protective mechanisms fail, so can allow the infection oral thrush persists. Diseases that can make the body more susceptible to infection candidiasis of the mouth (oral trush), among others :

Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS, which can cause damage or destroy the cells of the immune system. So as to make the body more susceptible to opportunistic infections which normally the body will reject. Recurrent attacks of oral thrush may be the first sign of HIV infection.

2. Cancer
If a person is suffering from cancer, his immune system may be weakened because of cancer and because the treatment of the disease, such as chemotherapy and radiation. The disease of cancer and treatment of this disease can increase the risk of Candida infections such as oral thrush.

3. Diabetes mellitus
If a person suffers from diabetes that is untreated or uncontrolled diabetes with better, saliva (saliva) may contain large amounts of sugar, so that it can encourage the growth of candida.

4. Vaginal yeast infection
Vaginal fungal infection caused by the same fungi can cause candidiasis of the mouth. Although fungal infections are not harmful, if someone is pregnant then the fungus can be transmitted to the baby during labor. As a result, the baby may also be experiencing oral thrush.

Symptoms of oral thrush

1. In children and adults
Initially, a person may not be aware of the symptoms of oral trush. Depending on the cause, signs and symptoms can occur suddenly and last for a long time. These symptoms, among others:
  1. Lesions are white or creamy on the tongue, inner cheek, palate, gums, and tonsils (tonsil)
  2. A lesion resembling cheese
  3. Pain
  4. Slight bleeding if the lesions are rubbed or scraped
  5. Chapped and redness at the corners of the mouth (especially in denture wearers)
  6. A sensation like there is cotton in the mouth
  7. Loss of appetite
In severe cases, lesions can spread down into the esophagus and the esophagus (Candida esophagitis). If this happens, the patient may experience difficulty swallowing or feel as if food is stuck in the throat.

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Oral Thrush Treatments

2. In infants and nursing mothers
In addition to lesions of the mouth of the typical white-colored, the baby may also have difficulty eating or fussy and irritable. Baby can pass the infection to their mothers during breastfeeding. Women whose breasts are infected with candida may experience the signs and symptoms, among others:
  1. The nipple is very red, sensitive, and itchy
  2. There are skin flakes in the area of the dark circle of the nipple (areola)
  3. Nipple pain while breastfeeding
  4. Sharp pain deep in the breast
Treatment of oral thrush

The goal of any treatment of oral thrush is to stop the rapid spread of the fungus, but the best approach may depend on the patient's age, patient's overall health condition and the cause of the infection.

1. For babies and nursing mothers
If someone is breastfeeding a baby who has oral thrush, should the mother and baby be treated immediately. In addition must be treated immediately, other actions that are commonly performed, among others:

a. The doctor may prescribe antifungal drugs mild for the baby and an antifungal cream for the mother's breast.
b. If the baby is using a pacifier or teat, rinse nipples and pacifiers on a regular basis each day in a solution of vinegar and water and wipe it dry to prevent mold growth.
c. If the mother is using a breast pump, rinse in a solution of vinegar and water.

2. For healthy adults and children
An adult or child who has oral trush but healthy can try one of the following methods :
  • Eat yogurt without sugar
  • Taking capsules of acidophilus or acidophilus liquid

Yogurt and acidophilus do not destroy the fungus, but both can help restore the bacterial flora to normal in the body. If the infection is not healed, then the doctor will prescribe antifungal drugs.

3. For adults with weakened immune systems
Often doctors will prescribe, among other things:

a. Antifungal drugs
This drug comes in several forms, including candy, a tablet or a liquid that dikumurkan in the mouth and then swallowed.

b. Amphotericin B
Candida albicans can become resistant to antifungal medications, especially in people with late-stage HIV infection. This drug can be used when other medicines not effective.

Read more : Diagnosis Treatments For Skin Cancer

Some antifungal drugs can cause liver damage. For this reason, your doctor may perform blood tests to monitor liver function of patients, especially if patients require long-term treatment or have a history of liver disease.

Here's First Aid Concussion Treatments and Symptoms

Concussion treatments , a concussion is a type of brain injury is the most mild compared to the type of brain injury. However, do not ignore this condition. Especially in the case of a concussion that befell the children, because they can not communicate well.

Concussion can occur due to hard impact on the head, for example due to a fall, traffic accident, or when you're exercising.

If You experience a head injury like that, it is advisable to check yourself into a clinic or hospital.
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Concussion Treatments

Type of Concussion

Concussion is divided into several types based on the level of severity, i.e. the rate of mild, moderate, and heavy. Following an overview of the types of concussion :
  • Mild concussion
  • The symptoms lasted less than fifteen minutes and patients do not experience loss of consciousness. 
  • A concussion is
  • The symptoms can last more than fifteen minutes and patients also do not experience loss of consciousness. 
  • A heavy concussion
  • Characterized by loss of consciousness, even only for a few seconds. In addition, in concussion of the brain weight may also occur loss of balance or loss of memory (amnesia).
Symptoms Of Concussion

Symptoms of a concussion can last long, it could be just a few seconds, and sometimes symptoms of concussion don't appear directly after the injury. Here are some of the common symptoms of a concussion :
  • Headache, nausea, and vomiting
  • Feel confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitive to light or sound
  • Concentration difficulties
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Behavior change
Concussion Treatments

In addition, there are also symptoms of a concussion are classified as severe or including the state of emergency, among other things :
  • Back pain or extreme pressure in the neck, head or back.
  • Feels weak even experienced paralysis in the limbs
  • Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in the hands, legs, or fingers of the hand and
  • Difficulty keeping balance and walking.
  • Respiratory disorders.
First aid on Concussion

Here are some steps that need to be done if You see there are people who a concussion or You yourself are experiencing a head injury :
  • If the head is hit hard, immediately stop activity and sit quietly. Avoid repeating the activity that caused the concussion in the same day. This is because the brain needs time to recover. Concussion the second can happen when you keep doing the activity after the first concussion. When it happens, the symptoms of a concussion can be more severe and persists for a long time.

  •  If a concussion occurs in children, the required adult supervision to see if there is a change in behavior, because the child may be difficult to express what they experienced. The supervision carried out at least for 24 hours after the injury.

  • Do not give medication without a doctor's prescription, especially those that contain aspirin because it can trigger bleeding.

  • Immediately consult a clinic or a hospital.

In addition, it is important that You should take note of the head injury is the possibility of the occurrence of injury to the nerves of the neck. At the time to help someone who experienced a head injury, it is important to keep the position of the head and neck remain stable, to prevent the condition getting worse.

This is important, because injury to the nerves of the neck and spine can result in paralysis. If possible, the patient can be given a cervical or neck collar as a tool buffer, so that the head and neck remain stable.

Please search the help of an ambulance, or to the nearest hospital to receive appropriate treatment. To ensure the condition of the brain, it may be necessary investigations such as x-rays, CT-scans, or MRI.

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Always remember to protect the head, using a helmet when driving the motorcycle, using the seat belt when driving a car, and use the appropriate personal protective equipment when working or exercising. If You fall, cover your head with your hand or take a position to protect the head, to avoid the possibility of a concussion.

Heat Rash Treatments, Home Remedies For Baby and Adults

Heat rash treatments, commonly known as prickly heat, is a skin rash that is caused because the skin is too hot or because of the sweat trapped in the sweat glands. Although it usually occurs in hot and humid weather, it can also occur in the opposite state. Children and babies who usually are often exposed to prickly heat, but adults can also be affected by whether because of exercise or exposure to heat.

A scientific term used to refer to heat rash is the 'miliaria'. Small red blisters occur on the neck, shoulders, back and other areas where clogged sweat. Clogged pores can also be caused by dead skin cells and bacteria known as Staphylococcus epidermidis.

Treatment is necessary because it can cause itching, burning/stinging, taste puncture, and other discomfort troubling. If left untreated, skin infections can also develop. There are a number of ways which can effectively treat and cure all of the symptoms.
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heat rash treatments

Treatment heat rash for Baby

As mentioned earlier, infants and young children are most susceptible to heat rash because their sweat glands are less developed. A parent is usually putting on clothes excessively to keep their baby warm and protect him from insects such as mosquitoes, so make the baby excessive sweating and exposed to heat rash. In infants, it can also occur because of very tight clothing and because of the diaper. Follow the tips below to overcome this condition in your baby.
  • Provide a cooler environment that is not damp by using air CONDITIONING or a fan.

  • Keep your baby away from diapers and clothes for a while or make him wear loose-fitting clothing. Avoid synthetic underwear and use cotton underwear.

  • Use powder prickly heat and calamine lotion where there is prickly heat.

  • Avoid the ointment is oil-based, because they make the skin warm and moist which will only worsen the condition. In addition, avoid massaging the baby with oil, if he is suffering from prickly heat.

  •  Use a wet flannel to relieve the area affected by prickly heat and bathe the baby in warm water.

  • You can also apply aloe gel on the area affected by prickly heat.

  • Cut baby's nails regularly and wrap his hands with socks so that the baby is not scratching the areas affected by prickly heat.

If the heat rash that in natural si the baby is severe, consult a doctor immediately to get medical care.

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Treatment heat rash for Adults

Heat rash in adults can develop as a result of excessive sweating, high fever and wearing of tight underwear for long period of time. In adults, it can also be caused due to less hygienic and due to an allergic reaction caused by the use of antiperspirants and deodorants in particular. Usually prickly heat can heal itself in two to three days and treatment may not be necessary. 

heat rash treatments

But sometimes a prickly heat does not recover by itself and need to be treated.
  • Clean the affected area with an antibacterial solution and let it dry by itself.

  • Wear loose cotton and avoid synthetic clothing.

  • The itching can be overcome by applying calamine lotion, talcum powder prickly heat or aloe vera gel. Rubbing ice will help soothe the burning sensation and punctured.

  • Creams and medications that contain hydrocortisone can also help in alleviate itching.

  • A cool bath can relieve the area affected by prickly heat. Remember to keep the skin dry to avoid the growth of more bacteria.

  •  Avoid scratching the prickly heat itching with your fingers, because it can add bacteria.

  • Reduce the consumption of drinks and foods that are spicy. Add your intake of fruits, juice and salad.
Home remedies for heat rash

  • Rub small ice cubes on the area affected by prickly heat to effect the relief.

  • Dampen a cloth with cool water and apply cloth to the area where the rash has developed.

  • Create a mixture of 1 cup of oatmeal with 3 tablespoons of baking soda mixed in a water bath. Take a bath with this water, rinse and dry thoroughly.

  • Apply cereal flour(gram flour) in the affected area and leave until dry. Rinse with cold water.

  • Make a decoction of 2 tablespoons of sandalwood powder and two tablespoons of coriander powder with cold milk. Apply this herb to the affected area and allow it to dry. Then rinse with cold water.

  • Drink a lot of water. Drinking water helps maintain body temperature and to avoid dehydration.
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Usually the activity or exercise that weight produce excessive sweating so that eventually lead to heat rash, so you should only do light activity, at least during the summer. The method of treatment above is a method that is quick and effective to cope with heat rash. However, if the heat rash persists even after three to four days, seek medical help to get suggestions on what needs to be done.


Syphilis Treatments, Causes, Risk Factors and Symptoms

Syphilis treatments - Syphilis is an infection caused by a bacteria called Treponema pallidum. Syphilis is one sexually transmitted infections (STIS). Generally, this infection spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected person. In addition to through intercourse, the bacteria that cause syphilis can also be spread through exposure to body fluids of sufferers, for example through the blood.

In general, direct contact occurs through sexual intercourse. Sexual intercourse this could take the form of sex-vaginal, anal, or oral. In addition, sharing needles can also transmit the infection of this disease, both on injecting drug users and on the buff of the art of tattooing the body, for example tattoos and pierced ears.
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syphilis treatments

Transmission of syphilis can occur from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby. This condition is known as congenital syphilis. The death of the baby in the womb can occur because of this infection. The bacteria that cause syphilis cannot survive for long outside the human body, and the disease can not be transmitted through the ways below:
  • Wear the same toilet with a person with syphilis.
  • Sharing eating utensils are the same.
  • Wear the same clothes.
  • Share the swimming pool or bathroom.
The first symptoms of syphilis appear about three weeks after the bacteria enters the body. Syphilis infection is divided into four main stages, among other things :

Primary Syphilis
Patients with syphilis have symptoms that start with lesions or sores on the genitals or in and around the mouth. Injuries that occur are shaped like insect bites but do not cause pain. At this stage, if an infected person sexual intercourse with another person, transmission is very easy to happen. These wounds persist for 1-2 months. Ultimately, these lesions will heal without leaving scars.

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Secondary Syphilis
Patients with secondary syphilis will experience a red rash serukuran small coins, and usually these rashes appear on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Other symptoms that may appear are fever, decreased appetite, inflammation of the throat and the genital warts. This phase can last for one to three months.

Latent Syphilis
After a phase of secondary syphilis, syphilis as if it will disappear and not cause any symptoms at all. This latency period can last about two years before then. to the most dangerous period in the syphilis infection that is tertiary syphilis.

Tertiary Syphilis
If the infection is not treated, syphilis will develop to the final stage, namely the tertiary syphilis. At this stage, the infection can give serious effects on the body. Some of the consequences of infection at this stage is paralysis, blindness, dementia, hearing problems, impotence, and even death if not treated.

Syphilis is most easily transmitted in the phase of primary and secondary syphilis. If You feel infected with syphilis, please consult to the doctor or clinic specialist venereal disease to make a diagnosis of syphilis. The more rapid syphilis treated, the smaller the possibility of syphilis develop into a serious disease.

The treatment is Carried out Against Syphilis

Treatment of syphilis is very easy to do. The treatment generally is to use antibiotics in the form of injections of penicillin. If not treated, syphilis can be a disease that is dangerous and can lead to death. Patients with syphilis who are in the period of treatment should avoid sexual intercourse until the infection is certainly healed total.

Penicillin is quite successful and can be used to treat primary and secondary syphilis. Penicillin is usually given through injections. The available types of antibiotics also kill the bacteria that causes syphilis if You are allergic to penicillin. A single injection of penicillin can stop the progression of the disease if You are infected less than one year. For infections lasting more than one year, You may need to increase the dose. Treatment is usually given for approximately 14 days, but can run longer in some cases.

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syphilis treatments

In the case of tertiary syphilis, treatment takes longer and antibiotics given through a drip. This treatment aims to stop infection, but could not repair the damage caused by tertiary syphilis. In the case of pregnant women suffering from syphilis, the handling is done also similar, namely with the use of antibiotics. This drug does not affect the condition of the baby is conceived.

At the beginning of the antibiotic treatment begins, some patients with syphilis could feel the reaction of Jarisch-Herxheimer. These reactions appear due to the spread of toxins from the cells of the bacteria are killed by antibiotic drugs.

Symptoms include fever, headache, and pain in the muscles or joints. This is not a serious condition and usually only lasts for one day. Paracetamol can be used to cope with the pain. However if the symptoms worsen, immediately contact a doctor.

For women, some drugs antibiotics for syphilis can interfere with methods of contraception that contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Contraceptives such as condoms can be used while undergoing antibiotic treatment.

After completing antibiotic treatment, You will be asked to undergo a blood test to ensure that the infection has been cured. You have to remain vigilant because it can still be infected with syphilis back though it was never treated and healed.

Share The Story On The Pair

If You are proven to suffer from syphilis, immediately notify the spouse or former spouse so that he can conduct the examination and receive treatment. If You feel embarrassed to talk about this disease with a partner or ex-partner, ask for advice on a doctor or health clinic specialist in venereal diseases. It is better for You to tell your partner about syphilis. If the disease is not handled, could eventually lead to death.

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Complications Due To Syphilis

Syphilis can cause a number of complications if left without treatment. Syphilis can also increase the risk of the emergence of a number of diseases which includes:
  • Nervous disorders, such as stroke, meningitis, loss of hearing, impaired vision, impotence, and disorders of the urinary bladder.
  • Disorders of the heart, such as swelling of the aorta, aneurysm, vascular disorders, and damage to heart valves.
  • Infection People suffering from syphilis and often alternated the pair have a risk of HIV-infected twice that of ordinary people.
  • Disorders pregnancy and fetus. Pregnant women suffering from syphilis can transmit the disease to the baby in utero.
  • A small lump or guma. This condition can appear on the skin, bone, and liver or other organs.

Here's 5 Food Poisoning Treatments

Food Poisoning Treatments : Food poisoning is a condition which arises due to eating foods that have been contaminated by infectious organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Contamination can occur when foods are processed or cooked incorrectly.

Contamination generally occurs in cases of food poisoning are caused by :
  • The bacteria Campylobacter, Salmonella, Escherichia coli (E. coli), Listeria, Clostridium botulinum ( botox) and Shigella.
  • Norovirus and rotavirus.
  • The parasite, Cryptosporidium, Entamoeba histolytica, and Giardia.
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Food Poisoning Treatments

Here are some examples of foods that are easily contaminated if not handled, stored, or processed properly :
  • Raw meat
  • Milk
  • Prepared food, for example pieces of cooked meat, soft cheese, and sandwich packaging.
  • Food in cans
  • Raw eggs.
  • Shellfish and raw seafood
Symptoms Of Food Poisoning

Food poisoning symptoms can begin a few moments after a meal up to three days after consuming contaminated food. Symptoms that commonly occur include :
  • Feel nausea and vomiting.
  • Experiencing diarrhea.
  • Pain or stomach cramps.
The Cause Of Food Poisoning

Here are a few things that can cause food poisoning :
  • Do not store food in a proper temperature, for example not stored in the refrigerator, especially meat products and dairy products.
  • Do not cook food evenly, especially poultry meat-unggasan, burgers, and sausages.
  • Leave the cooked food in the room with a warm temperature too long.
  • Eating food that is past expiry time.
  •  Cross-contamination, for example using a knife cutting raw meat to slicing bread or store raw meat above food ready to eat so that the liquid from the meat drip onto the food below.
  • Use a cutting board that is not previously washed, especially after use for cutting raw meat.
  • People who are sick or with dirty hands touch the food.
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Treatment Of Food Poisoning

In most cases, food poisoning does not require special treatment. To relieve symptoms occur, You can rest enough and drink plenty of fluids because if dehydrated, then the symptoms will worsen and the recovery period will be longer.

People who are prone to dehydration should be given oral rehydration solution (ors). Ors replaces the function of glucose, salt, and other essential minerals lost due to vomiting and diarrhea. For a while, You should avoid the usual food to feel better.

Food Poisoning Treatments

If the case is not urgent, you can try a home here to cure food poisoning :

1. Ginger
Drinking water decoction of ginger or chew raw ginger directly. Anti-bacterial content in it will recover digestion as well as reduce the nausea and vomiting.

2. Basil
Calm stomach discomfort due to poisoning by chewing on basil.

3. Lemon
Lemon has anti-bacterial properties that can kill bacteria that cause poisoning. Drink a glass of lemon juice 2-3 times a day to cleanse the system your digestion.

4. Honey
Honey has antibacterial and antifungal properties which is highly beneficial in treating digestive disorders.

5. Banana
Bananas are not only useful to cure the abdominal pain, but also restores the levels of lost energy. Eating ripe bananas 2-3 times a day until you feel better

What Are The Treatments For HPV ?

Treatments For HPV - The Human papillomavirus or HPV is a virus that can cause the growth of warts in different parts of the body. This Virus live on skin cells and has more than 100 types. There are about 60 HPV types cause warts, which usually infects the parts of the body such as the feet and hands, while 40 other trigger the appearance of genital warts.

Not all HPV can cause cancer. However there are some types of HPV are dangerous, such as HPV 16 and HPV 18, are potentially the big trigger the onset of cervical cancer. WHO (World Health Organisation) estimates that about 70% of cervical cancers caused by both HPV types.

Treatments For HPV

Currently, there are two kinds of HPV vaccines that have been distributed in all corners of the world, including Indonesia. Vaccine type bivalent and kuadrivalen this proved to be effective to prevent HPV infection, including preventing the incidence of cancer of the cervix. Therefore, HPV vaccination is highly recommended for women group of teen-age, especially the age of 9-14 years.
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The way of Transmission of HPV

Most of the transmission of HPV occurs as a result of direct touch skin-to-skin with people. Similarly with objects contaminated with the HPV virus. Sexual intercourse is also one of the means of transmission of this virus on the genitals. For example through direct contact with genital skin, mucous membranes, exchange of body fluids, as well as oral sex or anal sex.

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Symptoms and Types of Warts caused By HPV

HPV tend to cause no symptoms so it is rarely realized by people. Our immune system also will usually eradicate the HPV infection before the virus is causing the symptoms so that it does not need handling.

However, if our body does not succeed to eradicate, HPV infection with certain types of potentially cause cervical cancer. Therefore, the women recommended to always check their health as well as undergo a vaccine to prevent HPV.

If the HPV infection up on the stage cause symptoms, the main indication is the growth of warts. Types of warts are divided into 5 categories, namely :
  • Common warts are generally in the form of a lump round the rough.

  • Plantar warts or fish eye. These warts are flat shape with a hole in the middle which is sometimes accompanied by black dots.

  • Flat warts (flat wart) with a shape like claw marks in the skin. The color is also diverse, can be brown, yellowish, or pink.

  • Warts filiform which is usually in the form of nodules of meat grown with the same color as the skin.

  • Periungual warts. Type of wart that usually grows on the feet and hands is shaped chapped like cauliflower as well as thicken the nail plate.
While genital warts can generally be in the form of lesions of the flat and bumps with the surface of the cracked similar to cauliflower. These warts will cause itching, but rarely pain. If the warts which You are suffering pain, itching or disturbing the appearance of, contact a doctor to get proper treatment.

Treatments For HPV

Risk factors In HPV Infection

HPV infection is very contagious and can happen to anyone. There are a number of factors that potentially increase a person's risk to be exposed to this virus. Such risk factors include :
  • Frequent change of partners. Having sex with more than one partner will increase Your risk.
  • Shared use of personal items, such as towels, handkerchiefs, or socks.
  • A weakened immune system, for example HIV/AIDS or undergoing chemotherapy.
  • Damaged skin, for example on open wounds.
  • Age. Common warts common suffered by children, while plantar warts and genital occurs more often in adolescents and among young adults.
  • Not maintaining hygiene, for example to a public bathroom without wearing footwear.
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The process of Diagnosis of HPV Infection

Diagnosis of HPV infection is the main through the examination of warts. If not there are warts that appear, the doctor will recommend several tests to help the process of dianosis. Type-the type of examination which may be undertaken in patients can be either:
  • Test a solution of acetic acid. The skin in the genital parts of the infected the HPV virus will turn into white after the smeared solution of acetic acid so easily detected.  

  • A Pap smear and a DNA test. In this test, the doctor will take a sample of cells from the cervix and vagina to be examined in the laboratory. Pap smear tests can also be used to detect abnormality in the cervical cells that can turn into cancer.
A method of Treatment of HPV Infection

Once the diagnosis is positive, there are 2 methods You can select, namely treatment with drugs or surgery procedures. Handling through the drug generally use a topical medication and requires a time long enough to eliminate warts. Some examples of topical medication to cope with warts is :
  • Salicylic acid which serves to erode layers of the wart gradually.
  • Trichloroacetic acid that will burn the protein in the cells of the warts.
  • Imiquimod which can improve the immune system against HPV.
  •  Podofilox works by destroying tissue on the genital warts.
In addition to topical medications, warts can also be treated with operation steps which include cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical removal, and laser surgery. Some types of HPV can even trigger abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix.

The changes are not immediately detected and treated it can develop into cervical cancer. Although rare, abnormal changes in the cells of the penis as well as anus also includes the complications which can be caused HPV infection.

Steps of Prevention of HPV Infection

Warts can disappear without special handling, but that doesn't mean the HPV virus also disappeared. This Virus will stay hidden in the body people with and can pass it on to others. Step the primary prevention of HPV infections is vaccination. Cervarix, Gardasil and Gardasil 9 is a type-the type of HPV vaccine can help prevent genital warts and cervical cancer.

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The vaccine is generally recommended for teen girls and can be given since the age of 10 years up to 26 years. In addition to vaccination, there are a number of preventive measures that may be useful. Simple steps include:
  • Avoid touching the wart directly. Immediately wash hands with soap if you accidentally touch a wart.
  • Don't be promiscuous and be faithful to Your partner.
  • Use a condom every time you have sex. Although not fully effective, these measures can reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Maintain cleanliness, for example wearing footwear in public areas that are damp (like the edge of a swimming pool) and wearing clean socks.
  •  Avoid shared use of personal items, such as razors or nail clippers.